America's Hidden History | John Clem and Audie Murphy | TBN

America's Hidden History | John Clem and Audie Murphy

Watch America's Hidden History | John Clem and Audie Murphy
December 5, 2019
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America's Hidden History

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America's Hidden History | John Clem and Audie Murphy

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  • - [Narrator] Modern historians have revised,
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  • rewritten and even deleted entire chapters
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  • of American history.
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  • So what are we missing?
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  • What happened to the history
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  • that did not make the books?
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  • Join historian David Barton, Tim Barton,
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  • and special guests as they uncover the facts
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  • some historians do not want you to know.
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  • This is America's Hidden History.
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  • (dramatic music)
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  • (dramatic music)
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  • (dramatic music)
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  • - We are outside Chattanooga, Tennessee,
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  • at the Chickamauga Battlefield,
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  • and this is where John Clem became kind of famous
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  • for surviving, shooting bad guys,
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  • maybe there is some details to the story,
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  • but John Clems, the guy we are going to focus on,
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  • and a lot of his exploits happened right here.
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  • - And this is a really strategic point
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  • in the overall Civil War battle.
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  • The Northern forces wanted to get in the south,
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  • Southern forces wanted to get in the north,
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  • that's why General Lee from the South
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  • led the troops all the way into Pennsylvania, Gettysburg,
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  • but coming the other direction
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  • you had General Rosecrans who wants to get down to Atlanta.
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  • And so in doing so, he comes through middle Tennessee,
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  • and its got this campaign at Talahama,
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  • he wins that, goes to Murphysboro.
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  • He now gets to Chattanooga,
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  • and in Chattanooga the confederate general Braxton Braggs,
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  • he leaves town because there is too many forces coming,
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  • so as he's moving south,
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  • he comes into this area here,
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  • as he gets to this area,
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  • he gets reinforced by about 20.000 Confederate troops,
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  • and says, "We got to go back around to Chattanooga.
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  • President Lincoln wanted Chattanooga really bad
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  • because it's a railway center,
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  • you send trains out from everywhere,
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  • its got a navigable river,
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  • they produced iron there.
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  • It's a real defensible position.
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  • If the Union can get Chattanooga,
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  • they can hold it,
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  • and from Chattanooga they can launch attacks into Atlanta.
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  • So right here General Braggs turns around
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  • and heads back up north toward Chattanooga
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  • and that's where he meets General Rosecrans
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  • coming this direction.
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  • Right here you have 65.000 Confederate soldiers
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  • take on 60.000 Union soldiers,
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  • slight advantage to Confederacy,
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  • but that's the background of this battle.
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  • - Yeah, a lot of blood, a lot of casualties
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  • from this battle.
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  • It was recognized to be a Confederate win,
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  • although both sides had significant losses.
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  • - This actually is the second bloodiest battle
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  • in the Civil War.
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  • You have Gettysburg first and then battle of Chickamauga.
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  • So on the Confederate side there's about 20.000 casualties,
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  • on the Union side there is about 16.000 casualties.
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  • So the Confederates had more casualties,
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  • just consider that they actually won this battle.
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  • - And this is considered the last major victory
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  • for the Confederates during the Civil War,
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  • but lets back up to the hero
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  • that we are going to talk about, John Clem.
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  • The Civil War has already been going on,
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  • 1861 he is nine years old,
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  • sitting at the dinner table with his father,
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  • his now-stepmom because his mother
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  • actually had died previously,
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  • and he has got a younger brother and younger sister,
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  • and as a nine-year-old he tells his dad,
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  • "I want to go fight, I want to do something"
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  • and his dad rebukes him and says,
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  • "They don't need children,
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  • "you just sit there and eat your dinner."
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  • Well, he does not want to take no for an answer,
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  • and coming up very soon is Sunday,
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  • and their family went to church
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  • and John was in charge of taking his brother and sister
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  • and they were all going together to Sunday school.
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  • So he takes his brother sister to Sunday school, he says,
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  • "You all hang out here, it is a little early,
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  • "it is going to start soon.
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  • "I am going to go for a swim."
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  • So he leaves to go for a swim and never comes back.
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  • Now for the family this was a little traumatic.
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  • If he said he is going swimming, and he hasn't come back,
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  • the logical thought is he probably drowned.
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  • Dad is so distraught, he actually has the canal drained,
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  • looking for the body of his son.
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  • They can't find him anywhere.
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  • They presume he is dead.
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  • It was more than two years before they saw him again.
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  • Now what happened.
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  • He jumped a train.
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  • He rides the train going up,
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  • and he meets some of the Union soldiers.
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  • Guys from Ohio, he says,
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  • "I want to be a part of the unit.
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  • "I want to go with you."
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  • The guys from Ohio look and go,
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  • "Okay, we cannot take children.
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  • "This is actually, would be a crime for us
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  • "to enlist you as a nine-year-old.
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  • "We can't do it.",
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  • but he was very persistent.
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  • He finally found the Michigan 22nd and said,
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  • "I'll go with you guys."
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  • and they were not enlist him,
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  • but they did not drive him away.
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  • So as a nine-year-old, he follows them.
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  • Finds a drum, and becomes a drummer for them.
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  • He explains he went through all the hardships,
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  • endured all the cold, the lack of food,
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  • the marches, standing guard in the rain.
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  • At the battle of Shiloh,
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  • there's accounts where,
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  • as a drummer he actually had a fragment shell come
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  • and blow up the drama that he was drumming,
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  • and from that moment he became known as Johnny Shiloh,
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  • which was, actually I think Disney
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  • did a movie about Johnny Shiloh,
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  • but that's just the beginning of his story.
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  • (dramatic music)
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  • - Where we are now is where
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  • the Battle of Chickamauga took place.
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  • And this is where John Clem really did
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  • come to fame a little bit.
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  • Part of his fame came as the union line broke
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  • and actually they were retreating
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  • in the midst of battle.
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  • John Clem's, the brigade that he is part of,
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  • the do begin retreating as well.
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  • Now John Clem is a very small boy,
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  • and at this time he actually is 12 years old.
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  • He's been in a couple years,
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  • but he is still noted to be very small boy.
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  • In fact, he explained that they took one of the muskets
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  • and they cut the barrel off
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  • so that he would have something to right size
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  • for him to hold and shoot as a young boy.
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  • Well, as he, and actually sister was interviewed later,
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  • they both explain, as a young boy,
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  • he just couldn't keep up with the rest of the soldiers
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  • while they were retreating,
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  • so he falls behind in the retreat.
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  • As he falls behind there is a officer,
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  • a Confederate officer rides up, saber drawn,
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  • cussing at him, coming to get him.
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  • He turned around and he just had his gun held up,
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  • said he didn't even aim,
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  • he cocked and he pulled the trigger,
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  • and he shot the officer out of the saddle,
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  • and they fired a volley
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  • at the Union forces as they're escaping.
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  • Well, he was kind of smart in this regard.
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  • He thought, "I better just pretend like I'm dead."
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  • He stayed there pretending to be dead until that night.
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  • That night he got up,
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  • snuck through the woods
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  • and caught up with his brigade at Chattanooga.
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  • At this point he tells them what happened
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  • and when he caught up,
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  • his hat had three bullet holes in it,
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  • and so he catches up, he tells them what he's done,
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  • and they begin praising him
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  • that he shot this Confederate officer.
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  • This 12-year-old survived.
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  • Word got to General Thomas and General Rosecrans,
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  • and when they found out they said,
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  • "Okay, you bring this boy to us."
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  • They promoted him to Sergeant for what he had done.
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  • - Hey, whoa, wait.
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  • A 12-year-old Sergeant?
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  • Can you imagine 25-year-old guys
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  • following a 12-year old Sarge - Come on guys.
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  • Mickey Mouse, settle down.
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  • That really would be super bizarre
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  • and you know, who knows how they used him,
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  • because actually, one of the things he talks about,
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  • it was just a few days, even weeks later,
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  • he was part of a caravan,
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  • a train as they arr moving goods,
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  • and they were actually attacked by Confederates.
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  • He becomes a prisoner of war as a 12-year-old.
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  • He gets taken to a Confederate general,
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  • and they used him
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  • as show and tell as they go to Confederate places,
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  • and towns and cities, and say,
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  • "Look how desperate the Yankees must be,
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  • "they are using children to fight us.
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  • They have even promoted this one."
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  • They use him really on display, if you will.
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  • - Propaganda. It is Southern Propaganda.
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  • - It really was, right?
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  • Trying to help, make themselves look good in this regard.
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  • Well, about two month later,
  • 00:07:38.010 --> 00:07:39.130
  • they worked out a prisoner of war exchange,
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  • So he gets out, as he comes back,
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  • he goes back to his brigade.
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  • He continues on, fights and many battles.
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  • 1864 is when he is finally discharged.
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  • He is only a Sergeant at this point,
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  • but he wants to continue his education.
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  • So he finishes out of high school
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  • and then decides he wants to go to West Point.
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  • He applies for West Point and to get into West Point
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  • you actually have to take an academic test.
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  • Apparently there was some rigor involved.
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  • - I would think at nine years old,
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  • you have not been much schooled at that point,
  • 00:08:07.040 --> 00:08:08.110
  • because you left to join the Army.
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  • Your academics probably going to be fairly low at--
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  • - He did go back to school.
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  • He did go back and finish his schooling,
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  • for whatever that might have been,
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  • but he did not have the academics
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  • he needed to get into West Point.
  • 00:08:21.020 --> 00:08:23.020
  • He then wrote and said
  • 00:08:23.020 --> 00:08:24.180
  • it was a shame that someone who was a Civil War veteran,
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  • who was an honored veteran, as he explained himself.
  • 00:08:27.240 --> 00:08:30.220
  • He said that someone in their old age
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  • cannot even get into West Point.
  • 00:08:32.230 --> 00:08:33.270
  • He was 20 years old,
  • 00:08:33.270 --> 00:08:35.050
  • and he was saying that that was his old age.
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  • That he could not get into West Point.
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  • - Well, he has bee 11 years around battles,
  • 00:08:38.120 --> 00:08:41.050
  • That is more than half his life.
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  • - Well, he points out, though,
  • 00:08:42.070 --> 00:08:43.180
  • during the Civil War,
  • 00:08:43.180 --> 00:08:44.240
  • he became friends with a general Grant.
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  • He said, "Who at that time was occupying the White House."
  • 00:08:47.110 --> 00:08:50.070
  • He said, "So I went to see my friend General Grant,
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  • "and explained to him my problem."
  • 00:08:52.120 --> 00:08:54.130
  • Well, General Grant promoted him to lieutenant,
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  • helped get him a commission.
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  • So he does continue on his education,
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  • and this is where for, really the rest of his life,
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  • so to speak, at least military-wise,
  • 00:09:03.270 --> 00:09:06.030
  • he continues to serve in the military.
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  • The other encounters and engagements going forth,
  • 00:09:07.290 --> 00:09:10.070
  • he is in the military all the way up to World War I.
  • 00:09:10.070 --> 00:09:12.070
  • - Yeah, he went through the Spanish-American War.
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  • He was a leading officer there.
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  • He was engaged in a lot of Army stuff
  • 00:09:16.050 --> 00:09:18.110
  • for the next 30, 40 years.
  • 00:09:18.110 --> 00:09:19.220
  • - He really was.
  • 00:09:19.220 --> 00:09:21.000
  • 1915, at 65 years old.
  • 00:09:21.000 --> 00:09:23.090
  • There was a federal law that said,
  • 00:09:23.090 --> 00:09:25.230
  • I'm looking because he can help me on this one.
  • 00:09:25.230 --> 00:09:27.160
  • - Mandatory retirement.
  • 00:09:27.160 --> 00:09:28.230
  • You hit 65, you are out, you are done.
  • 00:09:28.230 --> 00:09:30.260
  • He is 65, and he is still an officer in the Army.
  • 00:09:30.260 --> 00:09:33.070
  • - So at this time, on his retirement,
  • 00:09:33.070 --> 00:09:35.010
  • he is actually promoted to Brigadier General.
  • 00:09:35.010 --> 00:09:38.110
  • He is a pretty famous guy.
  • 00:09:38.110 --> 00:09:40.130
  • A lot of stories are being told.
  • 00:09:40.130 --> 00:09:42.010
  • They are probably not all true,
  • 00:09:42.010 --> 00:09:43.140
  • but there being told about how amazing he was.
  • 00:09:43.140 --> 00:09:45.220
  • All the exploits he did.
  • 00:09:45.220 --> 00:09:47.190
  • Congress goes even further,
  • 00:09:47.190 --> 00:09:49.110
  • and they promote him to Major General.
  • 00:09:49.110 --> 00:09:51.110
  • - Wow, that is a two star general.
  • 00:09:51.110 --> 00:09:53.120
  • - Which is where they want to honor him.
  • 00:09:53.120 --> 00:09:55.140
  • So John Clem, really,
  • 00:09:55.140 --> 00:09:57.020
  • his life was involved in the military,
  • 00:09:57.020 --> 00:09:59.070
  • but it starts all the way back
  • 00:09:59.070 --> 00:10:00.180
  • when he was a nine-year-old boy.
  • 00:10:00.180 --> 00:10:02.070
  • He runs away from home.
  • 00:10:02.070 --> 00:10:04.180
  • He actually did get to go home at one point
  • 00:10:04.180 --> 00:10:06.200
  • during the Civil War,
  • 00:10:06.200 --> 00:10:07.190
  • after he was a prisoner of war,
  • 00:10:07.190 --> 00:10:09.000
  • and he was exchanged.
  • 00:10:09.000 --> 00:10:10.150
  • He did get to go home for a week.
  • 00:10:10.150 --> 00:10:12.000
  • This was the first time his family found out he was alive.
  • 00:10:12.000 --> 00:10:15.180
  • His father was so excited to see him
  • 00:10:15.180 --> 00:10:17.180
  • that there was probably no discipline involved,
  • 00:10:17.180 --> 00:10:20.100
  • at least his sister said,
  • 00:10:20.100 --> 00:10:21.240
  • "No, my father didn't beat him from running away.
  • 00:10:21.240 --> 00:10:23.070
  • "We were just so glad he was alive",
  • 00:10:23.070 --> 00:10:25.090
  • but they did talk about how he was very thin
  • 00:10:25.090 --> 00:10:28.120
  • because for those two months that he was a prisoner of war,
  • 00:10:28.120 --> 00:10:31.170
  • he really did not get a lot of nutrition,
  • 00:10:31.170 --> 00:10:33.120
  • did not get a lot of food.
  • 00:10:33.120 --> 00:10:34.170
  • - The southern side was very noted
  • 00:10:34.170 --> 00:10:36.160
  • for being very rough on prisoners of war,
  • 00:10:36.160 --> 00:10:38.110
  • whether it was Andersonville or other camps.
  • 00:10:38.110 --> 00:10:40.120
  • The pictures there look like
  • 00:10:40.120 --> 00:10:41.260
  • pictures you would see in the Holocaust in World War II.
  • 00:10:41.260 --> 00:10:44.180
  • They are emaciated, bone sticking out everywhere,
  • 00:10:44.180 --> 00:10:46.260
  • and so that would be very accurate.
  • 00:10:46.260 --> 00:10:48.280
  • You said he was small.
  • 00:10:48.280 --> 00:10:49.260
  • The are so many pictures of him
  • 00:10:49.260 --> 00:10:51.110
  • because the notoriety that came here on this battlefield,
  • 00:10:51.110 --> 00:10:54.000
  • and you look at the pictures
  • 00:10:54.000 --> 00:10:55.070
  • and he is always a tiny, tiny little guy.
  • 00:10:55.070 --> 00:10:58.000
  • - At his retirement as Brigadier General,
  • 00:10:59.060 --> 00:11:00.160
  • he was only 5 feet and 105 pounds.
  • 00:11:00.160 --> 00:11:03.240
  • He never a big guy,
  • 00:11:03.240 --> 00:11:05.090
  • but he was a noted warrior, a noted hero.
  • 00:11:05.090 --> 00:11:08.010
  • And he is part of America's hidden history.
  • 00:11:08.010 --> 00:11:10.100
  • (jazz music)
  • 00:11:10.100 --> 00:11:12.210
  • - John Clem is one my personal favorite stories,
  • 00:11:17.050 --> 00:11:19.290
  • basically all-time.
  • 00:11:19.290 --> 00:11:21.180
  • We actually have a number of awesome artifacts.
  • 00:11:21.180 --> 00:11:25.020
  • What I have right here are two pictures from the 1860s.
  • 00:11:25.020 --> 00:11:28.250
  • These are taken during the war
  • 00:11:28.250 --> 00:11:30.090
  • whenever somebody distinguish themselves,
  • 00:11:30.090 --> 00:11:32.000
  • and they became heroes,
  • 00:11:32.000 --> 00:11:33.100
  • they would go in, take their picture,
  • 00:11:33.100 --> 00:11:34.270
  • and then they would put them on these cards
  • 00:11:34.270 --> 00:11:36.150
  • to spread out around the country,
  • 00:11:36.150 --> 00:11:38.070
  • and even around the world.
  • 00:11:38.070 --> 00:11:39.220
  • On the back of this one it has actually got his story,
  • 00:11:39.220 --> 00:11:41.220
  • which is very interesting.
  • 00:11:41.220 --> 00:11:43.120
  • On the back of this one right here
  • 00:11:43.120 --> 00:11:44.200
  • it has got his signature.
  • 00:11:44.200 --> 00:11:46.160
  • He signed this John Clem himself,
  • 00:11:46.160 --> 00:11:49.130
  • but also, I have this little book.
  • 00:11:49.130 --> 00:11:52.030
  • And this is actually what is called,
  • 00:11:52.030 --> 00:11:54.230
  • 'The Soldier's Handbook'.
  • 00:11:54.230 --> 00:11:57.030
  • This one, of all people, was passed out to John Clem.
  • 00:11:57.030 --> 00:12:01.060
  • He takes this and uses it to practice writing his name.
  • 00:12:01.060 --> 00:12:04.210
  • He actually changes the spelling of his name
  • 00:12:04.210 --> 00:12:06.230
  • during this time.
  • 00:12:06.230 --> 00:12:08.080
  • If I jump back over this picture,
  • 00:12:08.080 --> 00:12:10.180
  • you can see how short he is.
  • 00:12:10.180 --> 00:12:12.160
  • He is holding a musket.
  • 00:12:12.160 --> 00:12:13.220
  • I have a musket right here.
  • 00:12:13.220 --> 00:12:16.170
  • If I were to lean it back exactly how it is in the photo,
  • 00:12:16.170 --> 00:12:20.070
  • we see that John Glenn is about
  • 00:12:20.070 --> 00:12:22.210
  • as tall as I am sitting down.
  • 00:12:22.210 --> 00:12:25.080
  • We have a little guy doing big things.
  • 00:12:25.080 --> 00:12:29.050
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:12:29.050 --> 00:12:31.280
  • - We are in Greenville, Texas,
  • 00:13:00.250 --> 00:13:02.010
  • at the Audie Murphy American Cotton Museum,
  • 00:13:02.010 --> 00:13:04.020
  • and we are here to tell the story of Audi Murphy.
  • 00:13:04.020 --> 00:13:06.050
  • Now Audi Murphy is a name
  • 00:13:06.050 --> 00:13:07.210
  • that a lot of Americans probably don't know,
  • 00:13:07.210 --> 00:13:10.010
  • and they certainly don't know much of his story,
  • 00:13:10.010 --> 00:13:11.240
  • but Audi Murphy is a military and American hero.
  • 00:13:11.240 --> 00:13:15.150
  • Considered the most decorated soldier from World War II,
  • 00:13:15.150 --> 00:13:18.060
  • one of the most decorated in military history.
  • 00:13:18.060 --> 00:13:21.000
  • He actually grew up in this area of Texas.
  • 00:13:21.000 --> 00:13:23.220
  • Doing a lot of work on a cotton farm.
  • 00:13:23.220 --> 00:13:25.060
  • In fact, he reportedly was five years old,
  • 00:13:25.060 --> 00:13:27.120
  • he was already out working in the field,
  • 00:13:27.120 --> 00:13:29.240
  • and as he explained,
  • 00:13:29.240 --> 00:13:30.240
  • this was just to survive.
  • 00:13:30.240 --> 00:13:32.150
  • At that time, if families were not working together,
  • 00:13:32.150 --> 00:13:34.210
  • you might not make it,
  • 00:13:34.210 --> 00:13:36.060
  • but actually his father got fed up and had enough.
  • 00:13:36.060 --> 00:13:39.010
  • When he was a teenager the father abandoned the family.
  • 00:13:39.010 --> 00:13:41.180
  • This was devastating for Audie and the family,
  • 00:13:41.180 --> 00:13:43.110
  • as you might imagine.
  • 00:13:43.110 --> 00:13:44.180
  • The following year, then his mother dies,
  • 00:13:44.180 --> 00:13:46.190
  • and so Audie is trying to figure out,
  • 00:13:46.190 --> 00:13:48.100
  • "What are we going to do? "How is the family going to work?"
  • 00:13:48.100 --> 00:13:50.150
  • His siblings were sent to live in different homes,
  • 00:13:50.150 --> 00:13:53.050
  • and as a young man Audie was trying to think,
  • 00:13:53.050 --> 00:13:55.060
  • "What am I going to do?"
  • 00:13:55.060 --> 00:13:56.270
  • Audie had a couple of uncles who fought in World War I.
  • 00:13:56.270 --> 00:13:59.070
  • They would tell the stories from World War I.
  • 00:13:59.070 --> 00:14:02.010
  • Audie always thought,
  • 00:14:02.010 --> 00:14:03.080
  • "I would like to be in the military."
  • 00:14:03.080 --> 00:14:05.030
  • In December of 1941 is when
  • 00:14:05.030 --> 00:14:06.210
  • the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor.
  • 00:14:06.210 --> 00:14:08.130
  • America finally declares
  • 00:14:08.130 --> 00:14:09.210
  • that we will enter into World War II.
  • 00:14:09.210 --> 00:14:11.240
  • It was at this moment Audie thought,
  • 00:14:11.240 --> 00:14:13.140
  • "I want to get involved."
  • 00:14:13.140 --> 00:14:14.250
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:14:14.250 --> 00:14:17.180
  • - When Audie decides he wants to join the military,
  • 00:14:22.020 --> 00:14:24.000
  • this is actually the place he comes and signs up.
  • 00:14:24.000 --> 00:14:26.020
  • This is a post office,
  • 00:14:26.020 --> 00:14:27.210
  • but it also served as a recruiting station
  • 00:14:27.210 --> 00:14:30.000
  • during World War II.
  • 00:14:30.000 --> 00:14:31.230
  • Audie ends up with the Army,
  • 00:14:31.230 --> 00:14:33.090
  • but that is not where he wants to be.
  • 00:14:33.090 --> 00:14:34.220
  • He goes and signs up with the marines,
  • 00:14:34.220 --> 00:14:36.130
  • but the marines look at him and go,
  • 00:14:36.130 --> 00:14:37.240
  • "We do not think you are marine material",
  • 00:14:37.240 --> 00:14:39.180
  • and their defense?
  • 00:14:39.180 --> 00:14:40.250
  • He was five foot five and roughly 110 pounds.
  • 00:14:40.250 --> 00:14:43.150
  • They thought,
  • 00:14:43.150 --> 00:14:44.290
  • "You are probably not going to make in the war."
  • 00:14:44.290 --> 00:14:47.060
  • The army gave him a shot,
  • 00:14:47.060 --> 00:14:48.110
  • but they still weren't sure about him.
  • 00:14:48.110 --> 00:14:49.240
  • In fact, they encouraged, he should be a cook,
  • 00:14:49.240 --> 00:14:52.070
  • maybe a baker.
  • 00:14:52.070 --> 00:14:53.140
  • Do something where you will not see combat,
  • 00:14:53.140 --> 00:14:55.030
  • because you are probably going to die.
  • 00:14:55.030 --> 00:14:56.180
  • Audie did not want to be a cook.
  • 00:14:56.180 --> 00:14:58.070
  • He wanted to serve in combat.
  • 00:14:58.070 --> 00:14:59.100
  • He put up a huge protest.
  • 00:14:59.100 --> 00:15:00.290
  • They finally allowed him,
  • 00:15:00.290 --> 00:15:02.070
  • "Okay, come train with normal guys."
  • 00:15:02.070 --> 00:15:04.020
  • When finally got a gun in his hand.
  • 00:15:04.020 --> 00:15:05.190
  • Now they recognize this kid has some potential
  • 00:15:05.190 --> 00:15:07.220
  • because he was a very good shot.
  • 00:15:07.220 --> 00:15:09.040
  • He might actually be a good soldier.
  • 00:15:09.040 --> 00:15:10.190
  • He was a great soldier, as we know from his story.
  • 00:15:10.190 --> 00:15:14.020
  • The unit he is with, they are sent to deploy.
  • 00:15:14.020 --> 00:15:17.010
  • They are on their way to North Africa.
  • 00:15:17.010 --> 00:15:19.030
  • By the time they get there,
  • 00:15:19.030 --> 00:15:20.080
  • most of that has been kind of settled.
  • 00:15:20.080 --> 00:15:22.250
  • So they are sent from North Africa on to Sicily.
  • 00:15:22.250 --> 00:15:24.220
  • Sicily is where he really starts to see action,
  • 00:15:24.220 --> 00:15:27.020
  • and this is where immediately
  • 00:15:27.020 --> 00:15:28.200
  • he sets himself apart from the other troops.
  • 00:15:28.200 --> 00:15:30.180
  • The commanding officers noticed.
  • 00:15:30.180 --> 00:15:32.020
  • From the very beginning, he begins receiving commendations,
  • 00:15:32.020 --> 00:15:34.140
  • and awards and metals by his bravery.
  • 00:15:34.140 --> 00:15:37.020
  • So this little kid, out of the field,
  • 00:15:37.020 --> 00:15:39.010
  • is recognizes as an amazing soldier.
  • 00:15:39.010 --> 00:15:41.080
  • Officers begin trying to promote him.
  • 00:15:41.080 --> 00:15:43.090
  • Audie fights the promotions.
  • 00:15:43.090 --> 00:15:44.240
  • He says, "I am really not smart enough.
  • 00:15:44.240 --> 00:15:46.090
  • "I do not have the proper education to be an officer."
  • 00:15:46.090 --> 00:15:48.260
  • He also was afraid that if he was promoted,
  • 00:15:48.260 --> 00:15:51.050
  • he would have to leave his unit,
  • 00:15:51.050 --> 00:15:52.210
  • and these are the men the he loves and cares about.
  • 00:15:52.210 --> 00:15:53.290
  • "I do not want to leave them."
  • 00:15:53.290 --> 00:15:55.210
  • He only would accept promotion
  • 00:15:55.210 --> 00:15:57.210
  • if he was allowed to stay with his men,
  • 00:15:57.210 --> 00:15:59.290
  • which they allowed him to do.
  • 00:15:59.290 --> 00:16:01.230
  • As the war continued, he continues fighting.
  • 00:16:01.230 --> 00:16:03.270
  • He received bronze stars and silver stars,
  • 00:16:03.270 --> 00:16:05.290
  • and so many medals,
  • 00:16:05.290 --> 00:16:07.140
  • but there's two stories
  • 00:16:07.140 --> 00:16:08.220
  • that stand out above all the others.
  • 00:16:08.220 --> 00:16:10.210
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:16:10.210 --> 00:16:13.120
  • - Even though Audi distinguished himself
  • 00:16:19.040 --> 00:16:20.200
  • pretty much every battle he was a part of,
  • 00:16:20.200 --> 00:16:22.220
  • there certainly are two that stand out in my mind.
  • 00:16:22.220 --> 00:16:25.070
  • In fact, one of them is
  • 00:16:25.070 --> 00:16:27.020
  • what the statue beside me is depicting.
  • 00:16:27.020 --> 00:16:29.060
  • There was a battle in southern France,
  • 00:16:29.060 --> 00:16:30.240
  • where there were several German machine gun nests.
  • 00:16:30.240 --> 00:16:33.140
  • In fact, the group that he was with,
  • 00:16:33.140 --> 00:16:34.260
  • they were pinned down,
  • 00:16:34.260 --> 00:16:36.090
  • but Audie decides,
  • 00:16:36.090 --> 00:16:38.040
  • "I think I can take some of these machine gun nests out."
  • 00:16:38.040 --> 00:16:41.200
  • He advances up the hill where there are machine gun nests,
  • 00:16:41.200 --> 00:16:44.220
  • and begins taking out machine gun nest ,
  • 00:16:44.220 --> 00:16:46.210
  • after machine gun nest.
  • 00:16:46.210 --> 00:16:47.280
  • His best friend apparently decides
  • 00:16:47.280 --> 00:16:50.150
  • he does not want to miss out on the action.
  • 00:16:50.150 --> 00:16:52.050
  • Audie explains as he looks beside him,
  • 00:16:52.050 --> 00:16:53.270
  • and his best friend is now beside him,
  • 00:16:53.270 --> 00:16:56.150
  • as they are going up.
  • 00:16:56.150 --> 00:16:58.020
  • Audie and his best friend continue up the hill,
  • 00:16:58.020 --> 00:17:00.070
  • taking out machine gun nests.
  • 00:17:00.070 --> 00:17:01.240
  • The Germans indicated they want to surrender.
  • 00:17:01.240 --> 00:17:04.160
  • Audie says, "I was a little suspicious about this."
  • 00:17:04.160 --> 00:17:07.020
  • but Audie's friend thought,
  • 00:17:07.020 --> 00:17:08.100
  • "We got it, lets go."
  • 00:17:08.100 --> 00:17:10.040
  • His friend stood up, when he stood up,
  • 00:17:10.040 --> 00:17:12.090
  • the Germans shot him down.
  • 00:17:12.090 --> 00:17:14.010
  • Audie was so enraged, he was so furious.
  • 00:17:14.010 --> 00:17:16.150
  • With no thought for his safety,
  • 00:17:16.150 --> 00:17:18.030
  • he stood up and he charged this machine gun nest.
  • 00:17:18.030 --> 00:17:20.240
  • Throwing grenades in,
  • 00:17:20.240 --> 00:17:22.100
  • and killed the guys that had just killed his best friend.
  • 00:17:22.100 --> 00:17:24.120
  • When he gets into that machine gun nest,
  • 00:17:24.120 --> 00:17:26.080
  • he picks up the machine gun
  • 00:17:26.080 --> 00:17:28.000
  • the Germans had been using,
  • 00:17:28.000 --> 00:17:29.180
  • continues on shooting everybody
  • 00:17:29.180 --> 00:17:32.200
  • that comes against him.
  • 00:17:32.200 --> 00:17:34.050
  • Ultimately clear the whole hill, virtually by himself.
  • 00:17:34.050 --> 00:17:37.250
  • As his men saw him do this, they were so impressed
  • 00:17:37.250 --> 00:17:39.230
  • with what they had just seen him do.
  • 00:17:39.230 --> 00:17:41.250
  • This when Audie receives
  • 00:17:41.250 --> 00:17:43.020
  • what is considered the second highest award
  • 00:17:43.020 --> 00:17:44.220
  • you can receive for valor.
  • 00:17:44.220 --> 00:17:45.200
  • The Distinguished Service Cross,
  • 00:17:45.200 --> 00:17:47.080
  • and this is where again, Audie continue to show himself
  • 00:17:47.080 --> 00:17:50.090
  • as an incredible warrior soldier on the field,
  • 00:17:50.090 --> 00:17:53.060
  • but his most special defining moment of World War II,
  • 00:17:53.060 --> 00:17:56.110
  • has not even happened yet.
  • 00:17:56.110 --> 00:17:57.280
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:17:57.280 --> 00:18:00.220
  • - Certainly one of Audie's most memorable moments
  • 00:18:06.100 --> 00:18:08.040
  • is what led to him getting the Medal of Honor.
  • 00:18:08.040 --> 00:18:10.230
  • Although Audie has distinguished himself,
  • 00:18:10.230 --> 00:18:13.180
  • through world War II,
  • 00:18:13.180 --> 00:18:14.250
  • wins almost every medal you can win for valor,
  • 00:18:14.250 --> 00:18:17.000
  • or every distinguishment you can win,
  • 00:18:17.000 --> 00:18:18.230
  • certainly what set him apart,
  • 00:18:18.230 --> 00:18:20.100
  • was a moment that happened in January of 1945.
  • 00:18:20.100 --> 00:18:23.030
  • In this moment he is assigned,
  • 00:18:23.030 --> 00:18:24.130
  • roughly two dozen men.
  • 00:18:24.130 --> 00:18:26.090
  • They are given a section of land they are supposed to hold.
  • 00:18:26.090 --> 00:18:28.140
  • This was the border of France and Germany.
  • 00:18:28.140 --> 00:18:30.290
  • As they are to hold this area, hold this territory,
  • 00:18:30.290 --> 00:18:34.050
  • they have two tank destroyers and roughly two dozen men.
  • 00:18:34.050 --> 00:18:38.130
  • There is a group of Germans coming up against them,
  • 00:18:38.130 --> 00:18:40.230
  • and it is estimated it was at least 200 troops,
  • 00:18:40.230 --> 00:18:43.200
  • as well as six tanks
  • 00:18:43.200 --> 00:18:44.290
  • that came up against him and his men.
  • 00:18:44.290 --> 00:18:46.220
  • Audie tells his men to retreat back and find safety,
  • 00:18:46.220 --> 00:18:49.220
  • but retreating is not really something Audie does,
  • 00:18:49.220 --> 00:18:52.230
  • or thinks about, so Audie decides,
  • 00:18:52.230 --> 00:18:54.260
  • "No, we are not going to retreat.
  • 00:18:54.260 --> 00:18:56.250
  • "Actually we are going to stand and fight,
  • 00:18:56.250 --> 00:18:58.150
  • "but by we, I mean I."
  • 00:18:58.150 --> 00:19:00.220
  • Audie decides he is going to stay and fight.
  • 00:19:00.220 --> 00:19:03.020
  • As the Germans have advanced,
  • 00:19:03.020 --> 00:19:04.100
  • one of the things that happens,
  • 00:19:04.100 --> 00:19:05.170
  • is one of the two tank destroyers
  • 00:19:05.170 --> 00:19:07.010
  • has gone off in a ditch,
  • 00:19:07.010 --> 00:19:08.110
  • the other one is hit and catches on fire.
  • 00:19:08.110 --> 00:19:12.040
  • His men have retreated,
  • 00:19:12.040 --> 00:19:13.150
  • he is now by himself, he has his rifle,
  • 00:19:13.150 --> 00:19:15.210
  • comes up with his carbine, and unloads.
  • 00:19:15.210 --> 00:19:17.290
  • Once he is out of ammo, he does not want to stop fighting,
  • 00:19:17.290 --> 00:19:20.050
  • so he looks around,
  • 00:19:20.050 --> 00:19:21.140
  • and sees the one tank destroyer that was hit,
  • 00:19:21.140 --> 00:19:23.260
  • that I snow on fire, there is a machine gun on top,
  • 00:19:23.260 --> 00:19:26.200
  • and it looks like it still works,
  • 00:19:26.200 --> 00:19:28.050
  • so he goes and climbs on this tank destroyer,
  • 00:19:28.050 --> 00:19:30.180
  • that I son fire, gets on the machine gun,
  • 00:19:30.180 --> 00:19:33.120
  • and opens up against the troops that are advancing.
  • 00:19:33.120 --> 00:19:36.240
  • More than 200 hundred troops advancing, six tanks advancing.
  • 00:19:36.240 --> 00:19:40.100
  • Apparently he has got a walkie-talkie,
  • 00:19:40.100 --> 00:19:42.030
  • because he starts calling in artillery strikes.
  • 00:19:42.030 --> 00:19:44.200
  • The Germans realize, "This is not going very well.
  • 00:19:44.200 --> 00:19:47.120
  • "we do not want to be here anymore"
  • 00:19:47.120 --> 00:19:49.060
  • The Germans retreat.
  • 00:19:49.060 --> 00:19:51.060
  • They abandon the area.
  • 00:19:51.060 --> 00:19:53.080
  • He realizes, "Okay, we have held the land."
  • 00:19:53.080 --> 00:19:56.070
  • He jumps off this artillery destroyer,
  • 00:19:56.070 --> 00:19:57.290
  • that is on fire,
  • 00:19:57.290 --> 00:19:59.140
  • the tank destroyer then blows up as he is walking away.
  • 00:19:59.140 --> 00:20:01.260
  • His life is barely spared
  • 00:20:01.260 --> 00:20:03.180
  • from this exploding tank destroyer.
  • 00:20:03.180 --> 00:20:05.180
  • He goes back to where his men are,
  • 00:20:05.180 --> 00:20:07.140
  • calls his men to come back and join him,
  • 00:20:07.140 --> 00:20:09.070
  • His men come and they secure the area
  • 00:20:09.070 --> 00:20:11.170
  • that he held by himself.
  • 00:20:11.170 --> 00:20:13.190
  • Because of his heroism and bravery,
  • 00:20:13.190 --> 00:20:15.030
  • he was awarded the Medal of Honor.
  • 00:20:15.030 --> 00:20:16.290
  • This, again, was just one of many of the awards
  • 00:20:16.290 --> 00:20:19.000
  • he received during World War II.
  • 00:20:19.000 --> 00:20:20.180
  • Audi Murphy continued to be the humble guy he was.
  • 00:20:20.180 --> 00:20:23.220
  • Even though he is one of the most decorated
  • 00:20:23.220 --> 00:20:25.190
  • guys in military history.
  • 00:20:25.190 --> 00:20:27.110
  • (jazz music)
  • 00:20:27.110 --> 00:20:29.230
  • - Audie Murphy lived such an incredible life.
  • 00:20:33.100 --> 00:20:35.190
  • He is one of the few people
  • 00:20:35.190 --> 00:20:37.090
  • who's ever been able to act in a movie about himself.
  • 00:20:37.090 --> 00:20:40.170
  • This is actually his autobiography 'To Hell and Back'.
  • 00:20:40.170 --> 00:20:43.070
  • Just a gripping tale of the realities of war.
  • 00:20:43.070 --> 00:20:46.130
  • What I have in front of me are some of our artifacts.
  • 00:20:46.130 --> 00:20:48.170
  • This right here in an M1 Grand.
  • 00:20:48.170 --> 00:20:50.270
  • This is what he would have used during World War II.
  • 00:20:50.270 --> 00:20:54.140
  • It was the Americans main battle rifle.
  • 00:20:54.140 --> 00:20:56.200
  • It was such a technological innovation
  • 00:20:56.200 --> 00:20:58.230
  • over basically any other main battle rifle
  • 00:20:58.230 --> 00:21:01.050
  • of any other major player in the war,
  • 00:21:01.050 --> 00:21:02.250
  • both on allies and on the axis.
  • 00:21:02.250 --> 00:21:05.030
  • This is what it shot.
  • 00:21:05.030 --> 00:21:06.110
  • This is a eight round clip of 30 odd six.
  • 00:21:06.110 --> 00:21:08.070
  • These are some of the amazing artifacts
  • 00:21:08.070 --> 00:21:09.210
  • that we have here
  • 00:21:09.210 --> 00:21:11.050
  • that Audie Murphy himself would have been familiar with.
  • 00:21:11.050 --> 00:21:13.120
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:21:13.120 --> 00:21:15.120
  • - When Audie arrives back in America,
  • 00:21:15.120 --> 00:21:16.210
  • he arrives to fanfare, a very warm reception
  • 00:21:16.210 --> 00:21:19.110
  • because the news of his heroics in the battlefield
  • 00:21:19.110 --> 00:21:22.000
  • had reached the American people.
  • 00:21:22.000 --> 00:21:23.090
  • As he is trying to find his way,
  • 00:21:23.090 --> 00:21:24.230
  • there is an actor in Hollywood, James Cagney,
  • 00:21:24.230 --> 00:21:26.200
  • who was a very famous actor at the time,
  • 00:21:26.200 --> 00:21:28.230
  • who says, "Audie, you need to come out to Hollywood,
  • 00:21:28.230 --> 00:21:31.050
  • "come act with us."
  • 00:21:31.050 --> 00:21:32.210
  • Audie gets the invite to Hollywood.
  • 00:21:32.210 --> 00:21:35.010
  • However, when he gets there, it takes him a little time
  • 00:21:35.010 --> 00:21:37.140
  • to find his feet,
  • 00:21:37.140 --> 00:21:38.280
  • but he does develop to be a pretty decent actor.
  • 00:21:38.280 --> 00:21:41.230
  • In fact, he had a 20 year career in Hollywood,
  • 00:21:41.230 --> 00:21:43.160
  • with more than 40 movies made.
  • 00:21:43.160 --> 00:21:45.120
  • One of his more famous movies is
  • 00:21:45.120 --> 00:21:47.130
  • 'The Red Badge of Courage'.
  • 00:21:47.130 --> 00:21:48.280
  • It was a Civil War epic you can still see it today
  • 00:21:48.280 --> 00:21:51.110
  • about a young soldier trying to figure out
  • 00:21:51.110 --> 00:21:53.140
  • if he is going to be brave enough to actually survive,
  • 00:21:53.140 --> 00:21:56.010
  • but his more famous film is over on this side
  • 00:21:56.010 --> 00:21:59.010
  • called 'To Hell and Back'.
  • 00:21:59.010 --> 00:22:00.200
  • To Hell and Back was a movie
  • 00:22:00.200 --> 00:22:02.010
  • based on Audie's autobiography by the same title,
  • 00:22:02.010 --> 00:22:05.010
  • that really was a retelling of his heroics,
  • 00:22:05.010 --> 00:22:07.170
  • and the events he went through World War II.
  • 00:22:07.170 --> 00:22:09.260
  • The book was so successful
  • 00:22:09.260 --> 00:22:11.120
  • that Universal decided they want to make a movie,
  • 00:22:11.120 --> 00:22:13.150
  • and as they were looking for a lead actor,
  • 00:22:13.150 --> 00:22:15.010
  • it was suggested that Audie
  • 00:22:15.010 --> 00:22:16.150
  • should just star his own movie.
  • 00:22:16.150 --> 00:22:18.120
  • Audie was very hesitant and even resistant to this.
  • 00:22:18.120 --> 00:22:21.080
  • Maybe it is because he didn't
  • 00:22:21.080 --> 00:22:22.180
  • want people to think he was being prideful
  • 00:22:22.180 --> 00:22:24.100
  • and promoting his own story.
  • 00:22:24.100 --> 00:22:25.230
  • Maybe because he didn't have to relive
  • 00:22:25.230 --> 00:22:28.150
  • all of those moments that he had gone through.
  • 00:22:28.150 --> 00:22:30.280
  • Maybe it is a combination of both,
  • 00:22:30.280 --> 00:22:32.180
  • but finally he was talked into it.
  • 00:22:32.180 --> 00:22:34.120
  • He did star in this movie,
  • 00:22:34.120 --> 00:22:35.220
  • and this was one of the successful movies
  • 00:22:35.220 --> 00:22:37.140
  • Universal ever did for decades.
  • 00:22:37.140 --> 00:22:40.030
  • This was really his last
  • 00:22:40.030 --> 00:22:42.040
  • successful movie on that level.
  • 00:22:42.040 --> 00:22:44.120
  • As he is still trying to struggle
  • 00:22:44.120 --> 00:22:46.090
  • in this acting career,
  • 00:22:46.090 --> 00:22:47.100
  • he is doing movies.
  • 00:22:47.100 --> 00:22:48.080
  • He realizes,
  • 00:22:48.080 --> 00:22:49.230
  • "This isn't what I want to do for the rest of my life."
  • 00:22:49.230 --> 00:22:51.280
  • So he begins looking for something else to do.
  • 00:22:51.280 --> 00:22:54.020
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:22:54.020 --> 00:22:56.250
  • - We are in Washington DC at the World War II Memorial.
  • 00:23:11.260 --> 00:23:13.270
  • We are a couple of miles away from here
  • 00:23:13.270 --> 00:23:15.090
  • is Arlington National Cemetery,
  • 00:23:15.090 --> 00:23:17.010
  • which is where Audie Murphy is buried.
  • 00:23:17.010 --> 00:23:19.000
  • After his acting career
  • 00:23:19.000 --> 00:23:20.160
  • he decides he wants to get involved in business.
  • 00:23:20.160 --> 00:23:23.130
  • Although he has a really tough time in business,
  • 00:23:23.130 --> 00:23:25.120
  • and honestly just has a really tough time
  • 00:23:25.120 --> 00:23:27.030
  • for the rest of his life,
  • 00:23:27.030 --> 00:23:28.230
  • he is haunted by the memories
  • 00:23:28.230 --> 00:23:30.100
  • of what happened World War II.
  • 00:23:30.100 --> 00:23:31.270
  • He said he could not sleep at night,
  • 00:23:31.270 --> 00:23:33.100
  • had nightmares almost every night.
  • 00:23:33.100 --> 00:23:34.250
  • He could not sleep unless he had
  • 00:23:34.250 --> 00:23:35.270
  • a loaded gun under his pillow.
  • 00:23:35.270 --> 00:23:37.100
  • It just brought him comfort.
  • 00:23:37.100 --> 00:23:38.190
  • I guess probably imagining, remembering
  • 00:23:38.190 --> 00:23:40.200
  • those scenarios where he had to fight
  • 00:23:40.200 --> 00:23:42.140
  • for his life, for his friends life.
  • 00:23:42.140 --> 00:23:43.240
  • - With all that, it is the guilt that,
  • 00:23:43.240 --> 00:23:45.120
  • "It should have been me.
  • 00:23:45.120 --> 00:23:46.180
  • "Why my buddies die, and I did not,
  • 00:23:46.180 --> 00:23:48.190
  • "They were better than me."
  • 00:23:48.190 --> 00:23:50.210
  • In trying to kill out that pain
  • 00:23:50.210 --> 00:23:52.040
  • and trying to kill out that trauma,
  • 00:23:52.040 --> 00:23:54.110
  • he goes to alcohol, he goes to drugs,
  • 00:23:54.110 --> 00:23:56.150
  • he goes to all sorts of stuff,
  • 00:23:56.150 --> 00:23:58.060
  • trying to drown out that noise
  • 00:23:58.060 --> 00:23:59.200
  • and it just does not work.
  • 00:23:59.200 --> 00:24:01.180
  • - It haunts him for the rest of his life.
  • 00:24:01.180 --> 00:24:03.100
  • Because of it he has a very difficult time in business.
  • 00:24:03.100 --> 00:24:07.010
  • It goes from one failed venture to the next.
  • 00:24:07.010 --> 00:24:09.020
  • Ends up bankrupt and in 1971,
  • 00:24:09.020 --> 00:24:12.060
  • he was with several men,
  • 00:24:12.060 --> 00:24:13.140
  • they were going on a business venture
  • 00:24:13.140 --> 00:24:14.280
  • trying for him to rebuild his life financially,
  • 00:24:14.280 --> 00:24:17.150
  • and they had a plane crash and all of them died.
  • 00:24:17.150 --> 00:24:20.220
  • What should've been a moment where he was celebrated
  • 00:24:20.220 --> 00:24:22.150
  • as one of the greatest military heroes in American history,
  • 00:24:22.150 --> 00:24:24.250
  • which he was,
  • 00:24:24.250 --> 00:24:26.090
  • his death largely went uncovered and reported on.
  • 00:24:26.090 --> 00:24:28.220
  • This was a time in the Vietnam-era.
  • 00:24:28.220 --> 00:24:30.190
  • American military just was not appreciated the same way.
  • 00:24:30.190 --> 00:24:34.020
  • When you have one of the greatest heroes
  • 00:24:34.020 --> 00:24:35.160
  • from military history who has passed,
  • 00:24:35.160 --> 00:24:37.200
  • a lot Americans did not even know.
  • 00:24:37.200 --> 00:24:39.010
  • They did not know his story.
  • 00:24:39.010 --> 00:24:40.010
  • He wasn't talked about,
  • 00:24:40.010 --> 00:24:41.080
  • but today we do take time
  • 00:24:41.080 --> 00:24:42.160
  • and we remember one of these forgotten heroes
  • 00:24:42.160 --> 00:24:45.010
  • from American history.
  • 00:24:45.010 --> 00:24:46.110
  • (calm music)
  • 00:24:46.110 --> 00:24:48.240
  • - Looking at John Clem and Audie Murphy.
  • 00:24:52.260 --> 00:24:54.210
  • Both are military heroes,
  • 00:24:54.210 --> 00:24:56.210
  • different generations and
  • 00:24:56.210 --> 00:24:57.280
  • very, very, very different stories.
  • 00:24:57.280 --> 00:25:00.110
  • The book contributed a lot.
  • 00:25:00.110 --> 00:25:01.250
  • Audie Murphy, Medal of Honor.
  • 00:25:01.250 --> 00:25:03.180
  • They didn't spend his whole life in military.
  • 00:25:03.180 --> 00:25:05.150
  • John Clem did.
  • 00:25:05.150 --> 00:25:06.250
  • But both of them,
  • 00:25:06.250 --> 00:25:08.010
  • when I think of what they have done
  • 00:25:08.010 --> 00:25:09.200
  • for America, the sacrifices they made.
  • 00:25:09.200 --> 00:25:11.230
  • I am reminded of,
  • 00:25:12.200 --> 00:25:14.020
  • Bible verses always stood out to me,
  • 00:25:14.020 --> 00:25:15.180
  • and Psalm 144:1 says,
  • 00:25:15.180 --> 00:25:18.110
  • "The Lord has trained my hands for battle,
  • 00:25:18.110 --> 00:25:20.210
  • "my fingers for war"
  • 00:25:20.210 --> 00:25:22.150
  • I have always considered that,
  • 00:25:22.150 --> 00:25:24.010
  • there are guys who are gifted
  • 00:25:24.010 --> 00:25:25.150
  • by God to be soldiers.
  • 00:25:25.150 --> 00:25:28.010
  • The rest of us benefit from that.
  • 00:25:28.010 --> 00:25:29.270
  • - One of the things that strikes me,
  • 00:25:29.270 --> 00:25:31.030
  • even understanding that military gifting.
  • 00:25:31.030 --> 00:25:33.220
  • John Clem, one of things he said was,
  • 00:25:33.220 --> 00:25:35.240
  • if he was ever in charge of military and war came out,
  • 00:25:35.240 --> 00:25:38.100
  • he would enlist more kids.
  • 00:25:38.100 --> 00:25:39.280
  • Because kids are able to overcome fear
  • 00:25:39.280 --> 00:25:43.110
  • with a reckless courage
  • 00:25:43.110 --> 00:25:45.030
  • that more often than not,
  • 00:25:45.030 --> 00:25:46.130
  • reckless courage is able to overcome the enemy.
  • 00:25:46.130 --> 00:25:49.010
  • And I think this is what is interesting,
  • 00:25:49.010 --> 00:25:50.090
  • even from the biblical perspective,
  • 00:25:50.090 --> 00:25:51.170
  • where Paul writes Timothy, and says,
  • 00:25:51.170 --> 00:25:53.130
  • "Do not let someone look down on you
  • 00:25:53.130 --> 00:25:54.280
  • "because you are young, but set an example for them."
  • 00:25:54.280 --> 00:25:56.150
  • Well, Audie Murphy was incredibly young,
  • 00:25:56.150 --> 00:25:59.020
  • John Clem was really young.
  • 00:25:59.020 --> 00:26:00.180
  • When they make a name for themselves,
  • 00:26:00.180 --> 00:26:02.040
  • they are, in today's terms, they would be children.
  • 00:26:02.040 --> 00:26:05.060
  • They were not even adults in our modern sense
  • 00:26:05.060 --> 00:26:08.150
  • of the idea of adults. - It is not how old you are,
  • 00:26:08.150 --> 00:26:10.240
  • it is how mature you are, it is what you are willing to do,
  • 00:26:10.240 --> 00:26:13.000
  • it is what you are capable of doing.
  • 00:26:13.000 --> 00:26:14.130
  • These are guys that really did break the mold
  • 00:26:14.130 --> 00:26:16.240
  • that we are trying to put on people today,
  • 00:26:16.240 --> 00:26:18.190
  • it would be good to break that mold,
  • 00:26:18.190 --> 00:26:20.070
  • look at then as individuals,
  • 00:26:20.070 --> 00:26:21.150
  • and encourage them to flourish in that area.
  • 00:26:21.150 --> 00:26:23.240
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:26:23.240 --> 00:26:26.170
  • We hope you are enjoying TBN's
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  • exclusive series of America's hidden history.
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  • Thrilling stories of ordinary
  • 00:26:34.150 --> 00:26:36.060
  • and unsung Americans who God used
  • 00:26:36.060 --> 00:26:38.120
  • in extraordinary ways to shape our nation.
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