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500

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April 19, 2020
27:29

It Is Written seeks to impact lives for Christ.

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500

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  • ♪[Theme music]♪
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  • -John: This is It Is Written.I'm John Bradshaw.
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  • Welcome to "500."
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  • ♪[Music]♪
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  • Five hundred years ago the worldwas a very different place.
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  • There weren't anycars or airplanes.
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  • No trains.
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  • No buses.
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  • No computers.
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  • There was no radio,
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  • no television,
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  • no internet.
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  • There was no plastic,
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  • no cardboard,
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  • no United States.
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  • There was no Taj Mahal.
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  • There was no junk food,
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  • no x-rays,
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  • no antibiotics,
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  • no vaccines.
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  • There was no anesthetic.
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  • Smoking wasvirtually unknown.
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  • No GMOs,
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  • no cameras, no newspapers...
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  • It was a different world.
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  • Now think about this.
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  • There was no BaptistChurch 500 years ago.
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  • No Pentecostal Church.
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  • There were no Presbyterians,no Methodists,
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  • no Seventh-day Adventists,
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  • no Church of England(or Episcopal Church).
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  • In fact, therewas only one church.
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  • Then, as now, itwas led by a pope.
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  • The popes 500 years agowere men like Leo X,
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  • Adrian VI,Clement VII,
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  • Paul III, Julius III,and Marcellus II.
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  • And they weren'tonly leaders of the church,
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  • but they were also immenselypowerful political figures.
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  • Or to put it another way,
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  • 500 years ago therewas no religious freedom.
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  • You could attend church,listen to the priest,
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  • maybe hear the organ music,
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  • but you couldn't believewhat you wanted to believe.
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  • And you definitelycouldn't read a Bible.
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  • You believed what thechurch told you to believe.
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  • And if you dared to dootherwise, well,
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  • life was difficult at best.
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  • Now, down through the agesthere were those who dissented,
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  • but they existed in the shadows.
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  • It was only a tiny minoritythat dared to stand up against
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  • the might of the church.
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  • ♪[Music]♪
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  • Five hundred yearsago it was tough
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  • if you didn'tagree with the church.
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  • If you wanted tobelieve what you believed,
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  • you either had to bevery secretive about it,
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  • or run the risk ofbeing uncovered,
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  • persecuted,
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  • and more than likely killed.
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  • If you valuereligious freedom today,
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  • the freedom to belongto the church you want
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  • and to believewhat you believe,
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  • or even the freedomto belong to no church
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  • and believe there is no God,
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  • then consider thata few centuries ago
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  • that freedom didn't exist.
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  • But all that would change.
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  • In 1517, on October the 31st,
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  • a priest in a smalltown in Germany
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  • changed western civilization,
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  • and risked his life by defyingthe power of the ruling church.
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  • His contribution to historywas so immense that
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  • Time Magazine ranked him fourthon the list of the Greatest Men
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  • of the Millennium.
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  • Looking at thoseranked above him,
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  • it's easy to think he shouldhave been ranked number one.
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  • Five hundred years ago,
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  • the Protestant Reformationbegan when a young priest
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  • turned academic by thename of Dr. Martin Luther
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  • nailed a list of proteststo the door of this church
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  • in Wittenberg, Germany.
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  • When he did so,he didn't realize
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  • he was about toset history on fire.
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  • He had no intentionof starting a new church.
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  • All Martin Luther wantedto see was his church
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  • come closer to the Bible.
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  • He was calling for reform.
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  • Bound up in the genesis ofthe Protestant Reformation,
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  • several veryimportant questions.
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  • To begin with,
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  • how important is it thata person have that right
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  • to determine for himselfor herself what to believe?
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  • Five hundred years ago,
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  • you believed what thechurch told you to believe.
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  • Beyond that, you didn'thave much of anything.
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  • How important is itthat you choose for yourself
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  • what you thinkand what you believe?
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  • Second, when itcomes to what you believe,
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  • think about that questionthat Pilate asked Jesus
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  • the night beforeJesus was crucified.
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  • Pilate said to Him,“What is truth?”
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  • Today you'll hear thatpeople have their truth.
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  • I have my truth.
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  • You have your truth.
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  • What is truth?
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  • And how do you decide?
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  • Is truth subject to a vote?
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  • Should there be a,a court of ideas?
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  • How do you decide?
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  • Is there a standardby which ideas or truths
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  • can be objectively judged?
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  • And what's truth worth?
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  • What is the freedomto believe actually worth?
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  • How far do you press this?
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  • When is it worthbeing a troubler of the people?
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  • And is there ever a time thatthe freedom to believe your own
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  • ideas is something that'sactually worth dying for?
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  • ♪[Music]♪
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  • Now, when youthink of a person's
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  • deeply held personal beliefs,
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  • you could dismiss thatas just ideas, theories.
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  • But what weknow is that a person's
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  • deeply held personalbeliefs provide the framework
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  • for that person's entire life,
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  • and they certainlyform that person's faith.
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  • In looking at theProtestant Reformation,
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  • it's important that yougo back and consider
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  • the foundation ofChristianity altogether.
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  • Reform todaytypically means new ideas,
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  • whether you're dealingwith political, cultural,
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  • social, or religious reform.
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  • It's about finding somethingnew, whatever's next.
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  • But not the way God sees it.
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  • As God looks at reform,typically He calls us back.
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  • He calls us back to old ideas,
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  • to things that he hasestablished already.
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  • Speaking for God, theprophet Jeremiah said this:
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  • “Thus says the Lord,Stand in the ways and see,
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  • and ask for the old paths,
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  • where the good way is,and walk in it;
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  • then you shall find rest foryour souls” (Jeremiah 6:16).
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  • The Bible, both the Oldand the New Testaments,
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  • form the basis ofthe early Christian church.
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  • The Apostle Paul, writingto young Timothy said that
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  • “all Scripture isgiven by inspiration of God,
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  • and is profitable for doctrine,for reproof, for correction,
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  • and for instructionin righteousness.”
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  • That's 2 Timothy 3and verse 16.
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  • The consuming passionof the early Christians,
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  • the death, burial, andresurrection of Jesus
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  • for the salvation of humanity,
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  • was said by Paulto rest upon the Scriptures:
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  • “For I delivered to you first ofall that which I also received:
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  • that Christ died for our sinsaccording to the Scriptures,
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  • And that He was buried,
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  • and that He roseagain the third day
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  • according to the Scriptures”(1 Corinthians 15:3 and 4).
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  • The New Testament teachingof justification by faith,
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  • a central focus of theProtestant Reformation,
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  • is also said by Paulto rest upon Scripture.
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  • Listen to what he said inRomans chapter 1, verses 16-17:
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  • "For I am not ashamedof the gospel of Christ,
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  • for it is the power of Godto salvation for everyone
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  • who believes,
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  • for the Jew firstand also for the Greek.
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  • For in it therighteousness of God
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  • is revealed from faith to faith;as it is written,
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  • 'The just shall live by faith'"(Romans 1:16 and 17).
  • 00:08:29.899 --> 00:08:35.938
  • What was clear to the foundersof the Christian religion
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  • is that the message they sharedwas the Word of the eternal God.
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  • "When you received the word ofGod which you heard from us,
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  • you welcomed itnot as the word of men,
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  • but as it is in truth,the word of God,
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  • which also effectivelyworks in you who believe"
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  • (1 Thessalonians 2:13).
  • 00:08:57.893 --> 00:09:00.329
  • When certain individualsgot it in their heads
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  • that the churchhad to be reformed,
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  • and when they chose toput their lives on the line
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  • to see that it happened,
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  • things weregoing to get exciting.
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  • I'll be back withmore in just a moment.
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  • ♪[Music]♪
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  • [Sound of wolves]
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  • ♪[Music]♪
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  • [Camera equipment rattling]
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  • [Rustling in grass]
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  • [People talking]
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  • [Wind Gusts]
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  • ♪[Music]♪
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  • [Cheering]
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  • ♪[Music]♪
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  • -John: This is It Is Written,I'm John Bradshaw.
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  • Thanks for joining me for "500."
  • 00:10:34.824 --> 00:10:38.327
  • Now, think of some of the greatreform movements of history.
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  • The Civil Rightsmovement in the United States.
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  • Lunch counter sit-ins.
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  • Bus boycotts.
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  • Protest marches.
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  • Where would theUnited States be today
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  • without those heroes who stoodup boldly and demanded reform?
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  • Many lost their lives.
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  • Was it worth it?
  • 00:10:59.281 --> 00:11:01.450
  • The fall of Europeancommunism in the early 1990s.
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  • Starting with Lech Walesaand the Solidarity Movement,
  • 00:11:05.054 --> 00:11:08.824
  • and desperate East Germans
  • 00:11:08.858 --> 00:11:10.760
  • who wanted to see theBerlin Wall come down,
  • 00:11:10.793 --> 00:11:13.896
  • and Czechs whoprotested in Wenceslas Square.
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  • Was that worth it?
  • 00:11:18.768 --> 00:11:20.336
  • The Boston Tea Party in 1773.
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  • Of course the list goes on.
  • 00:11:23.672 --> 00:11:25.808
  • Sometimes protestis absolutely essential.
  • 00:11:25.841 --> 00:11:30.312
  • A protest about taxationwithout representation?
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  • Yeah, that's important.
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  • Your country is occupied?
  • 00:11:34.917 --> 00:11:36.685
  • Well, that's important too.
  • 00:11:36.719 --> 00:11:37.787
  • You don't like yoursystem of government;
  • 00:11:37.820 --> 00:11:40.523
  • you feel likeyou're being oppressed.
  • 00:11:40.556 --> 00:11:42.825
  • Well, most of uscan only imagine.
  • 00:11:42.858 --> 00:11:45.161
  • But the ProtestantReformation was
  • 00:11:45.194 --> 00:11:47.596
  • on an altogetherdifferent level.
  • 00:11:47.630 --> 00:11:49.465
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:11:49.498 --> 00:11:55.004
  • Christianity began with peoplesuch as Peter and James
  • 00:11:55.037 --> 00:11:58.340
  • and John and Pauland Silas and Timothy,
  • 00:11:58.374 --> 00:12:01.644
  • carrying forward themessage of the gospel.
  • 00:12:01.677 --> 00:12:04.513
  • But after a few centuries,
  • 00:12:04.547 --> 00:12:05.781
  • that messagebegan to get clouded.
  • 00:12:05.815 --> 00:12:09.018
  • When the Roman Empireofficially accepted Christianity
  • 00:12:09.051 --> 00:12:11.654
  • and called off itspersecution of the church,
  • 00:12:11.687 --> 00:12:14.990
  • faith in Jesus became popular.
  • 00:12:15.024 --> 00:12:17.159
  • Unfortunately,it also became corrupt.
  • 00:12:17.193 --> 00:12:21.230
  • Jesus had warned His disciples,
  • 00:12:21.263 --> 00:12:23.098
  • saying to them inLuke 6 and verse 26,
  • 00:12:23.132 --> 00:12:25.067
  • "Woe unto you whenall men speak well of you."
  • 00:12:25.100 --> 00:12:30.072
  • Instead of the Bible decidingwhat Christians should believe,
  • 00:12:30.105 --> 00:12:33.409
  • church councils and bishops,
  • 00:12:33.442 --> 00:12:35.511
  • even Roman emperorslike Constantine,
  • 00:12:35.544 --> 00:12:37.847
  • began making these decisions.
  • 00:12:37.880 --> 00:12:39.215
  • Now, of course, not all ofthose decisions were bad.
  • 00:12:39.248 --> 00:12:42.751
  • But more and morethese human judgments
  • 00:12:42.785 --> 00:12:44.987
  • began subvertingthe authority of the Bible.
  • 00:12:45.020 --> 00:12:48.724
  • Church tradition began tohold veto power over Scripture.
  • 00:12:48.757 --> 00:12:53.062
  • Jesus's words regardingthe Pharisees of His day
  • 00:12:53.095 --> 00:12:56.498
  • began to hold moreand more relevance.
  • 00:12:56.532 --> 00:12:58.934
  • "And in vain they worshipMe, teaching as doctrines
  • 00:12:58.968 --> 00:13:03.105
  • the commandments of men"(Matthew 15:9).
  • 00:13:03.138 --> 00:13:06.208
  • In the centuries thatfollowed the so-called
  • 00:13:06.242 --> 00:13:08.944
  • conversion of Constantine,
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  • this reliance on humanideas and human traditions
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  • became more and more pronounced.
  • 00:13:13.983 --> 00:13:16.185
  • Those who wantedto follow the Bible
  • 00:13:16.218 --> 00:13:17.786
  • were forced to go underground.
  • 00:13:17.820 --> 00:13:20.389
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:13:20.422 --> 00:13:24.059
  • The Vatican becamemore and more powerful,
  • 00:13:24.093 --> 00:13:26.562
  • effectively governingthe lives and the souls
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  • and the politicalinstitutions of Europe.
  • 00:13:29.265 --> 00:13:33.202
  • No pope was more powerfulthan Pope Innocent III,
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  • who reigned from 1198 to 1216,
  • 00:13:36.338 --> 00:13:40.009
  • a period that'sbeen referred to as the
  • 00:13:40.042 --> 00:13:41.810
  • “high noon” of the papacy.
  • 00:13:41.844 --> 00:13:44.313
  • A leading Protestant historian,J.A. Wylie, wrote that
  • 00:13:44.346 --> 00:13:47.583
  • "the noon of the papacywas the midnight of the world."
  • 00:13:47.616 --> 00:13:52.087
  • Innocent III was able tocompel the monarchs of Europe
  • 00:13:52.121 --> 00:13:55.891
  • to do his will.
  • 00:13:55.925 --> 00:13:57.693
  • At times he deposedthose who would not.
  • 00:13:57.726 --> 00:14:00.496
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:14:00.529 --> 00:14:04.066
  • One weapon that thechurch had in its arsenal
  • 00:14:04.099 --> 00:14:07.002
  • was somethingknown as interdict.
  • 00:14:07.036 --> 00:14:09.838
  • A territory that wascensured with an interdict
  • 00:14:09.872 --> 00:14:12.174
  • was made tobelieve that the priests
  • 00:14:12.207 --> 00:14:14.376
  • would not hear confession,
  • 00:14:14.410 --> 00:14:16.312
  • prayers would notbe offered for the dead,
  • 00:14:16.345 --> 00:14:18.247
  • and the sacraments of thechurch would not be dispensed.
  • 00:14:18.280 --> 00:14:21.850
  • Now, for anybody whoactually believed that the pope
  • 00:14:21.884 --> 00:14:24.353
  • held the keys to God's kingdom,this was absolutely terrifying.
  • 00:14:24.386 --> 00:14:29.558
  • They were effectively shutout from the grace of God.
  • 00:14:29.591 --> 00:14:33.629
  • Now this mindset that hadexisted for hundreds of years
  • 00:14:33.662 --> 00:14:36.699
  • and which greetedthe Protestant reformers
  • 00:14:36.732 --> 00:14:39.368
  • at the beginningof the sixteenth century.
  • 00:14:39.401 --> 00:14:41.036
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:14:41.070 --> 00:14:42.338
  • John Wycliffe,the English scholar
  • 00:14:42.371 --> 00:14:44.406
  • who translated the Latin Bibleinto English in the 1300s,
  • 00:14:44.440 --> 00:14:48.143
  • is often called the “morningstar of the Reformation.”
  • 00:14:48.177 --> 00:14:52.314
  • Wycliffe spoke against whathe saw as the inaccuracies
  • 00:14:52.348 --> 00:14:56.618
  • of the state church.
  • 00:14:56.652 --> 00:14:57.920
  • Church leaders in Romesummoned him to stand trial,
  • 00:14:57.953 --> 00:15:01.457
  • intending to end his life.
  • 00:15:01.490 --> 00:15:03.659
  • He got sick and diedbefore he could be tried,
  • 00:15:03.692 --> 00:15:05.761
  • but Wycliffe'swork was done.
  • 00:15:05.794 --> 00:15:09.498
  • But such was the animosityof the church towards him
  • 00:15:09.531 --> 00:15:11.867
  • that his body was exhumed,and it was burned,
  • 00:15:11.900 --> 00:15:16.005
  • and his asheswere dumped in a river.
  • 00:15:16.038 --> 00:15:18.574
  • Wycliffe's teachingswere carried forward
  • 00:15:21.810 --> 00:15:23.779
  • by a Bohemianpriest named John Huss.
  • 00:15:23.812 --> 00:15:27.883
  • The church summoned Huss to acouncil in Constance, Germany,
  • 00:15:27.916 --> 00:15:30.953
  • and promised him protection.
  • 00:15:30.986 --> 00:15:33.255
  • Huss arrived inConstance and was arrested,
  • 00:15:33.288 --> 00:15:36.325
  • thrown into a horrible prison,sentenced to death,
  • 00:15:36.358 --> 00:15:40.062
  • and was thenburned at the stake.
  • 00:15:40.095 --> 00:15:43.565
  • But as one historian wrote,
  • 00:15:43.599 --> 00:15:45.167
  • “The blood of themartyrs was seed.”
  • 00:15:45.200 --> 00:15:47.703
  • The persecution theReformers suffered
  • 00:15:47.736 --> 00:15:50.906
  • only seemedto further their cause.
  • 00:15:50.939 --> 00:15:54.610
  • And the need forreform seemed obvious.
  • 00:15:54.643 --> 00:15:57.646
  • The luxury and the depravityindulged in by church leaders
  • 00:15:57.679 --> 00:16:00.749
  • was breathtaking.
  • 00:16:00.783 --> 00:16:02.451
  • It's no secret thatthere were popes
  • 00:16:02.484 --> 00:16:03.786
  • who fatheredillegitimate children.
  • 00:16:03.819 --> 00:16:05.788
  • Church officeswere bought and sold,
  • 00:16:05.821 --> 00:16:09.258
  • and the luxuriouslifestyle of church leaders
  • 00:16:09.291 --> 00:16:11.393
  • was out of syncwith the self-denial of Jesus.
  • 00:16:11.427 --> 00:16:14.630
  • Speaking of thecorruption of that time,
  • 00:16:14.663 --> 00:16:16.498
  • one historian wrote that
  • 00:16:16.532 --> 00:16:18.534
  • “the advance of the Turks
  • 00:16:18.567 --> 00:16:19.868
  • since the fall ofConstantinople in 1453
  • 00:16:19.902 --> 00:16:23.272
  • was generally consideredto have been allowed by God
  • 00:16:23.305 --> 00:16:26.708
  • in punishment forthe sins of the Church.”
  • 00:16:26.742 --> 00:16:30.813
  • The Christian church wascertainly ready for a change.
  • 00:16:30.846 --> 00:16:34.917
  • But how would thatchange come about?
  • 00:16:34.950 --> 00:16:37.052
  • We'll find out in just a moment.
  • 00:16:37.086 --> 00:16:38.854
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:16:38.887 --> 00:16:44.193
  • -Announcer: In Matthew 4:4,the Word of God says,
  • 00:16:47.262 --> 00:16:49.832
  • "It is written,
  • 00:16:49.865 --> 00:16:50.866
  • 'Man shall notlive by bead alone,
  • 00:16:50.899 --> 00:16:53.001
  • but by every word that proceedsfrom the mouth of God.'"
  • 00:16:53.035 --> 00:16:56.738
  • "Every Word" is a one-minuteBible-based daily devotional
  • 00:16:56.772 --> 00:17:00.008
  • presented byPastor John Bradshaw,
  • 00:17:00.042 --> 00:17:02.144
  • and designed especiallyfor busy people like you.
  • 00:17:02.177 --> 00:17:05.214
  • Look for "Every Word"on selected networks,
  • 00:17:05.247 --> 00:17:08.083
  • or watch it onlineevery day on our website,
  • 00:17:08.117 --> 00:17:10.352
  • ItIsWritten.com.
  • 00:17:10.385 --> 00:17:12.488
  • Receive a daily spiritual boost.
  • 00:17:12.521 --> 00:17:14.590
  • Watch “Every Word.”
  • 00:17:14.623 --> 00:17:15.924
  • You'll be glad you did.
  • 00:17:15.958 --> 00:17:19.795
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:17:20.996 --> 00:17:23.065
  • One hundred yearsafter the death of Huss,
  • 00:17:23.098 --> 00:17:26.101
  • a young German priest bythe name of Martin Luther
  • 00:17:26.135 --> 00:17:29.705
  • found himself inthe city of Rome,
  • 00:17:29.738 --> 00:17:32.708
  • seeking to earn God's favor
  • 00:17:32.741 --> 00:17:34.710
  • by climbing on hisknees up Pilate's Staircase.
  • 00:17:34.743 --> 00:17:39.515
  • The church claimedthat Jesus Himself
  • 00:17:39.548 --> 00:17:41.250
  • had walked on that staircase,
  • 00:17:41.283 --> 00:17:43.252
  • and that it hadbeen miraculously
  • 00:17:43.285 --> 00:17:45.020
  • transported fromJerusalem to Rome.
  • 00:17:45.053 --> 00:17:48.223
  • While performing this act,Luther seemed to hear a voice
  • 00:17:48.257 --> 00:17:52.127
  • as loud as thunder,
  • 00:17:52.161 --> 00:17:54.429
  • declaring in his ear thegospel truth articulated by
  • 00:17:54.463 --> 00:17:57.332
  • both Testamentsof the Sacred Word:
  • 00:17:57.366 --> 00:18:00.035
  • “The just shall live by faith”(Romans 1:17;
  • 00:18:00.068 --> 00:18:03.639
  • Habakkuk 2, verse 4).
  • 00:18:03.672 --> 00:18:06.975
  • So why was Luther walkingup a staircase on his knees?
  • 00:18:07.009 --> 00:18:10.512
  • Because Luther believedthat climbing those steps
  • 00:18:10.546 --> 00:18:15.150
  • would earn favor with God.
  • 00:18:15.184 --> 00:18:18.487
  • And why did Luther believe that?
  • 00:18:18.520 --> 00:18:20.355
  • Because that'swhat the church taught.
  • 00:18:20.389 --> 00:18:23.425
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:18:23.458 --> 00:18:24.393
  • [Birds chirping]
  • 00:18:24.426 --> 00:18:26.895
  • The church taught that you couldreduce your punishment for sin,
  • 00:18:26.929 --> 00:18:30.732
  • that you could lessen the“temporal effects of sin”
  • 00:18:30.766 --> 00:18:34.536
  • by doing things such asattending a certain church
  • 00:18:34.570 --> 00:18:37.639
  • on a certain day,
  • 00:18:37.673 --> 00:18:38.941
  • honoring the“blessed sacrament,”
  • 00:18:38.974 --> 00:18:40.809
  • praying the rosary,
  • 00:18:40.842 --> 00:18:42.811
  • or climbing the Scala Sancta,
  • 00:18:42.844 --> 00:18:45.414
  • Pilate's Staircase,on your knees.
  • 00:18:45.447 --> 00:18:48.016
  • In fact, the churchstill believes this.
  • 00:18:48.050 --> 00:18:51.587
  • Here's what the churchsays about indulgences.
  • 00:18:51.620 --> 00:18:54.923
  • "An indulgence is aremission before God
  • 00:18:54.957 --> 00:18:58.493
  • of the temporal punishmentdue to sins whose guilt
  • 00:18:58.527 --> 00:19:03.131
  • has already been forgiven,
  • 00:19:03.165 --> 00:19:05.267
  • which the faithful Christianwho is duly disposed gains
  • 00:19:05.300 --> 00:19:08.904
  • under certainprescribed conditions
  • 00:19:08.937 --> 00:19:12.140
  • through the actionof the Church which,
  • 00:19:12.174 --> 00:19:14.376
  • as the minister of redemption,
  • 00:19:14.409 --> 00:19:16.645
  • dispenses andapplies with authority
  • 00:19:16.678 --> 00:19:19.748
  • the treasury ofthe satisfactions
  • 00:19:19.781 --> 00:19:21.850
  • of Christ and the saints.”
  • 00:19:21.883 --> 00:19:24.653
  • So you can understand why Lutherfelt he had to do something.
  • 00:19:24.686 --> 00:19:28.390
  • The church wasteaching salvation by works.
  • 00:19:28.423 --> 00:19:32.427
  • In fact, indulgenceswere sold for money.
  • 00:19:32.461 --> 00:19:35.731
  • Money was raised for thebuilding of St Peter's Basilica
  • 00:19:35.764 --> 00:19:39.201
  • through theselling of indulgences.
  • 00:19:39.234 --> 00:19:41.136
  • This was Luther's reality.
  • 00:19:41.169 --> 00:19:44.172
  • Of course he had to protest.
  • 00:19:44.206 --> 00:19:46.008
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:19:46.041 --> 00:19:49.211
  • That moment at Pilate'sStaircase proved to be
  • 00:19:49.244 --> 00:19:51.413
  • the turning point inMartin Luther's experience.
  • 00:19:51.446 --> 00:19:54.416
  • With that voice stillringing in his heart,
  • 00:19:54.449 --> 00:19:56.685
  • he sprang to his feetand fled from the place
  • 00:19:56.718 --> 00:20:00.622
  • in shame and horror.
  • 00:20:00.656 --> 00:20:01.757
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:20:01.790 --> 00:20:02.724
  • Luther's zeal would spark a fire
  • 00:20:02.758 --> 00:20:05.060
  • that spread throughoutEurope and beyond.
  • 00:20:05.093 --> 00:20:08.230
  • From John Calvin's Genevato William Tyndale's England,
  • 00:20:08.263 --> 00:20:11.767
  • from France to Scandinaviaand the Netherlands,
  • 00:20:11.800 --> 00:20:14.536
  • and then to PlymouthRock on an unknown
  • 00:20:14.569 --> 00:20:16.972
  • and distant shore,
  • 00:20:17.005 --> 00:20:18.874
  • the message ofsupreme biblical authority,
  • 00:20:18.907 --> 00:20:21.510
  • justificationthrough faith in Christ,
  • 00:20:21.543 --> 00:20:24.246
  • and a conscienceset free from civil
  • 00:20:24.279 --> 00:20:26.048
  • and ecclesiastical control,
  • 00:20:26.081 --> 00:20:28.216
  • would inspire millions ofhearts and alter the course
  • 00:20:28.250 --> 00:20:32.287
  • of human events.
  • 00:20:32.321 --> 00:20:33.488
  • [Birds singing]
  • 00:20:33.522 --> 00:20:38.827
  • Luther and otherswould also teach
  • 00:20:38.860 --> 00:20:40.595
  • the principle of "SolaScriptura," the Bible alone.
  • 00:20:40.629 --> 00:20:45.534
  • The Reformers believed that anyteaching should be subjected
  • 00:20:45.567 --> 00:20:48.503
  • to the ultimate authority:God's Word.
  • 00:20:48.537 --> 00:20:51.907
  • Now, 500 years later,
  • 00:20:51.940 --> 00:20:53.775
  • in much of Christianity,
  • 00:20:53.809 --> 00:20:55.143
  • we simply take that for granted.
  • 00:20:55.177 --> 00:20:57.646
  • But five hundred years ago?
  • 00:20:57.679 --> 00:20:59.614
  • No way.
  • 00:20:59.648 --> 00:21:00.716
  • That's not the waythe church was run.
  • 00:21:00.749 --> 00:21:04.319
  • Now, of course,the Reformers were human,
  • 00:21:04.353 --> 00:21:07.122
  • and humanbeings are faulty.
  • 00:21:07.155 --> 00:21:09.458
  • Martin Luthercertainly had his faults.
  • 00:21:09.491 --> 00:21:12.260
  • But we must keep inmind that the Reformers
  • 00:21:12.294 --> 00:21:14.463
  • came to the Bible alot like an archaeologist
  • 00:21:14.496 --> 00:21:17.599
  • comes to an artifact.
  • 00:21:17.632 --> 00:21:19.101
  • It was new to them.
  • 00:21:19.134 --> 00:21:21.002
  • They had towrestle with the Bible
  • 00:21:21.036 --> 00:21:22.637
  • and work some things out.
  • 00:21:22.671 --> 00:21:24.239
  • They didn't have thebenefit of hundreds of years
  • 00:21:24.272 --> 00:21:26.341
  • of scholarshiphaving gone before them.
  • 00:21:26.375 --> 00:21:28.677
  • Now the truth is,
  • 00:21:28.710 --> 00:21:29.678
  • we inherit a lot of whatwe believe by the people
  • 00:21:29.711 --> 00:21:33.348
  • who've gone before usand done the heavy lifting.
  • 00:21:33.382 --> 00:21:36.284
  • Which is fine, aslong as what we receive from
  • 00:21:36.318 --> 00:21:40.155
  • those who havegone before us is true.
  • 00:21:40.188 --> 00:21:42.791
  • In all cases,
  • 00:21:42.824 --> 00:21:43.992
  • it's important that wego to the Bible and find out.
  • 00:21:44.025 --> 00:21:46.695
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:21:46.728 --> 00:21:49.564
  • With the translationof the Bible by Luther
  • 00:21:49.598 --> 00:21:51.967
  • and Tyndale and others,
  • 00:21:52.000 --> 00:21:53.268
  • into German and English
  • 00:21:53.301 --> 00:21:55.437
  • and French and Polish and Czech,
  • 00:21:55.470 --> 00:21:58.140
  • and with the adventof the printing press,
  • 00:21:58.173 --> 00:22:00.008
  • the common people soonhad access to God's Word.
  • 00:22:00.041 --> 00:22:04.279
  • And when the Bible was put inthe hands of Bible students
  • 00:22:04.312 --> 00:22:07.282
  • hungry for Scripture,
  • 00:22:07.315 --> 00:22:09.351
  • the church and the worldcould never be the same again.
  • 00:22:09.384 --> 00:22:13.288
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:22:13.321 --> 00:22:17.125
  • The church of Rome wasn't aboutto quietly tolerate an attack
  • 00:22:17.159 --> 00:22:20.395
  • on what they genuinely believedwas their God-given right
  • 00:22:20.429 --> 00:22:24.299
  • to direct the minds andhearts of men and women,
  • 00:22:24.332 --> 00:22:27.502
  • to compel them in faith in God,
  • 00:22:27.536 --> 00:22:29.805
  • and to correct themwhen they fell into error.
  • 00:22:29.838 --> 00:22:32.974
  • The Counter-Reformation wouldsee Rome fight back, forcefully,
  • 00:22:33.008 --> 00:22:38.680
  • creatively,and not always obviously.
  • 00:22:38.713 --> 00:22:41.383
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:22:41.416 --> 00:22:42.751
  • So what does a church do whenits authority is threatened,
  • 00:22:42.784 --> 00:22:46.254
  • along with its hold onthe minds of the people
  • 00:22:46.288 --> 00:22:48.557
  • of the western world?
  • 00:22:48.590 --> 00:22:50.459
  • In Europe,there was a lot of bloodshed.
  • 00:22:50.492 --> 00:22:53.862
  • Protestants wereburned at the stake.
  • 00:22:53.895 --> 00:22:56.665
  • Thousands died in the StBartholomew's Day Massacre
  • 00:22:56.698 --> 00:22:59.334
  • in France in 1572.
  • 00:22:59.367 --> 00:23:01.102
  • And anything resemblingtoleration disappeared.
  • 00:23:01.136 --> 00:23:05.807
  • More than 200.000 fled France.
  • 00:23:05.841 --> 00:23:10.345
  • The first foreignersto reach what would become
  • 00:23:10.378 --> 00:23:12.581
  • the United States of America
  • 00:23:12.614 --> 00:23:14.316
  • were Protestantsof English descent.
  • 00:23:14.349 --> 00:23:17.185
  • But even then therewould be growing pains.
  • 00:23:17.219 --> 00:23:19.955
  • The Puritans of New Englandbelieved that religious freedom
  • 00:23:19.988 --> 00:23:23.592
  • applied to you onlyif you lived and believed
  • 00:23:23.625 --> 00:23:27.028
  • and worshippedas they did.
  • 00:23:27.062 --> 00:23:29.664
  • But then alongcame Roger Williams,
  • 00:23:29.698 --> 00:23:32.167
  • who introduced the conceptof religious liberty for all.
  • 00:23:32.200 --> 00:23:36.638
  • And then the truthwould go marching on.
  • 00:23:36.671 --> 00:23:39.975
  • Through men likeUlrich Zwingli in Zurich
  • 00:23:40.008 --> 00:23:42.811
  • and John Wesley and hisbrother Charles in England.
  • 00:23:42.844 --> 00:23:45.780
  • Through Philip Melanchthonand Thomas Cranmer
  • 00:23:45.814 --> 00:23:48.416
  • and Hugh Latimerand Nicholas Ridley
  • 00:23:48.450 --> 00:23:50.151
  • and Theodore Bezaand John Knox in Scotland
  • 00:23:50.185 --> 00:23:53.121
  • and Huss and Jerome
  • 00:23:53.154 --> 00:23:54.022
  • and William Fareland Roger Williams
  • 00:23:54.055 --> 00:23:56.825
  • and many others.
  • 00:23:56.858 --> 00:23:58.493
  • So when did the Reformation end?
  • 00:23:58.527 --> 00:24:00.962
  • Or has it ended?
  • 00:24:00.996 --> 00:24:03.198
  • Perhaps there'sstill a work to be done,
  • 00:24:03.231 --> 00:24:05.600
  • a work of reform,
  • 00:24:05.634 --> 00:24:07.068
  • a work of callingpeople to faithfulness to God
  • 00:24:07.102 --> 00:24:10.472
  • and to faith in the Word of God.
  • 00:24:10.505 --> 00:24:12.908
  • Throughout the restof this series, "500,"
  • 00:24:12.941 --> 00:24:15.977
  • you'll meet some of the greatcharacters of the Reformation.
  • 00:24:16.011 --> 00:24:19.714
  • Your faith in God will grow,
  • 00:24:19.748 --> 00:24:22.083
  • and your personalexperience with God
  • 00:24:22.117 --> 00:24:24.786
  • will be richly blessed.
  • 00:24:24.819 --> 00:24:26.121
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:24:26.154 --> 00:24:31.159
  • -John: The book of Revelationmakes clear that Babylon
  • 00:24:33.762 --> 00:24:36.565
  • will be a major playeron the prophetic scene
  • 00:24:36.598 --> 00:24:39.467
  • down in the close of time.
  • 00:24:39.501 --> 00:24:41.336
  • How do we understand that?
  • 00:24:41.369 --> 00:24:42.671
  • Well, that's why I'd likeyou to have this book.
  • 00:24:42.704 --> 00:24:44.139
  • I wrote it.
  • 00:24:44.172 --> 00:24:45.206
  • “Babylon Rising.”
  • 00:24:45.240 --> 00:24:46.841
  • To receive it, call us at800-253-3000.
  • 00:24:46.875 --> 00:24:51.813
  • Or visit us online atwww.itiswritten.com.
  • 00:24:51.846 --> 00:24:57.052
  • Or you can write to theaddress on your screen.
  • 00:24:57.085 --> 00:24:59.588
  • I'd like you toreceive our free offer,
  • 00:24:59.621 --> 00:25:01.923
  • “Babylon Rising.”
  • 00:25:01.957 --> 00:25:03.792
  • And thanks forremembering that It Is Written
  • 00:25:03.825 --> 00:25:05.727
  • exists because ofthe kind support
  • 00:25:05.760 --> 00:25:07.696
  • of people just like you.
  • 00:25:07.729 --> 00:25:09.898
  • Your donation makesit possible for It Is Written
  • 00:25:09.931 --> 00:25:12.400
  • to share life-changing,biblical truth with the world.
  • 00:25:12.434 --> 00:25:17.005
  • You can send yourtax-deductible gift
  • 00:25:17.038 --> 00:25:18.840
  • to the address on your screen,
  • 00:25:18.873 --> 00:25:20.675
  • or you can support ItIs Written through our website,
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  • itiswritten.com.
  • 00:25:23.144 --> 00:25:25.113
  • Thanks for yourgenerous support.
  • 00:25:25.146 --> 00:25:27.248
  • Our number is800-253-3000,
  • 00:25:27.282 --> 00:25:30.652
  • and our web address isitiswritten.com.
  • 00:25:30.685 --> 00:25:33.321
  • -John: Let's pray together now.
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  • Our Father in heaven,
  • 00:25:36.791 --> 00:25:37.792
  • we thank You that you havepreserved Your Word,
  • 00:25:37.826 --> 00:25:41.096
  • that we can possess the Biblenot only in our hands,
  • 00:25:41.129 --> 00:25:45.734
  • but in our hearts.
  • 00:25:45.767 --> 00:25:47.469
  • And we thank You for Jesus,
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  • the One the Bible callsthe "Word made flesh."
  • 00:25:49.404 --> 00:25:53.642
  • As down through the ages Youhave guided Your truth,
  • 00:25:53.675 --> 00:25:57.212
  • guided Your Wordand led Your people,
  • 00:25:57.245 --> 00:26:00.281
  • I pray that Youwould guide us now.
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  • Friend, do you need toexperience a reformation
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  • in your heart?
  • 00:26:06.488 --> 00:26:08.623
  • Father, as we talkabout the Reformation
  • 00:26:08.657 --> 00:26:10.291
  • from an historical perspective,
  • 00:26:10.325 --> 00:26:12.260
  • we recognize we must experiencereformation in our lives.
  • 00:26:12.293 --> 00:26:15.430
  • So now we pray that Youwould take our hearts,
  • 00:26:15.463 --> 00:26:18.933
  • make them Yours.
  • 00:26:18.967 --> 00:26:20.068
  • Friend, now is an opportunityfor you to yield to God.
  • 00:26:20.101 --> 00:26:22.771
  • Would you do that?
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  • Our Father, we thank You,
  • 00:26:24.673 --> 00:26:26.207
  • as we continueto study in "500,"
  • 00:26:26.241 --> 00:26:29.644
  • we pray for Your blessing,
  • 00:26:29.678 --> 00:26:31.913
  • and we pray in Jesus's name,
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  • Amen.
  • 00:26:35.450 --> 00:26:37.752
  • Thanks so much for joining me.
  • 00:26:37.786 --> 00:26:38.887
  • I'm looking forward to seeingyou again next time.
  • 00:26:38.920 --> 00:26:41.222
  • Until then, remember:
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  • "It is written,
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  • 'Man shall not liveby bread alone,
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  • but by every word that proceedsfrom the mouth of God.'"
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  • ♪[Theme music]♪
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