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The Celtic Connection

Watch The Celtic Connection
April 26, 2020
27:29

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The Celtic Connection

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  • ♪[Theme music]♪
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  • -John Bradshaw: This is It IsWritten. I'm John Bradshaw.
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  • Thanks for joining me.
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  • He's one of theleast-known well-known people
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  • in all of history.
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  • On a certain date every year,
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  • people all aroundthe world celebrate him,
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  • without knowing muchof anything about him.
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  • Here in Ireland,St. Patrick's Day is huge.
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  • It's a nationalholiday in Ireland.
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  • On St. Patrick's Daypeople wear green,
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  • and there are often parades andother celebrations conducted.
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  • It was in the 17th century thatthe Roman Catholic Church
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  • set aside March 17 as a day ofcelebration and remembrance.
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  • In recent decades, Irelandhas been a land of religious
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  • and politicaltension over the question
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  • of who should controlNorthern Ireland:
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  • the Irish or Great Britain.
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  • The dispute goes backmany hundreds of years.
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  • ♪[Bagpipes]♪
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  • In the 1960s, the Troublesbegan in Northern Ireland.
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  • It was a period markedby violent clashes between
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  • unionists and republicans--
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  • basically, betweenProtestants and Catholics.
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  • More than 3.200 people died
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  • during the 30years of the Troubles.
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  • There werethousands of bombings
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  • and tens ofthousands of shootings.
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  • Men like Bobby Sandsare still revered by many
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  • here in Ireland.
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  • Sands died in thenotorious Maze Prison
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  • just outside Belfast,
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  • following a 66-day-longhunger strike in 1981.
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  • In all, 10 men diedduring that hunger strike,
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  • men who were committedto the idea of a united Ireland
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  • and wanted tosee Northern Ireland
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  • wrested out of thecontrol of the British.
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  • ♪[Music]♪
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  • The tension began to easefollowing an agreement
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  • that was signed in Belfaston Good Friday of 1998.
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  • But religious tension goesback much further in Ireland.
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  • And the man responsiblefor radical religious change
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  • among the Irish,
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  • the man responsible forthe Christian evangelization
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  • of the British Isles,
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  • is celebrated allaround the world today.
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  • ♪[Music]♪
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  • During his lifetime, Patrickwas considered a troublemaker.
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  • He was a disturber of the peace.
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  • Today, you might call hima religious lightning rod.
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  • And there's onething Patrick wasn't.
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  • He wasn't Irish.
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  • He was born in the year 385 A.D.or thereabouts,
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  • and he died around 461 A.D.
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  • At that time,the British Isles were pagan.
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  • They weredominated by the culture
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  • and the religiouspractices of the druids,
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  • an elite class thathad a direct line to the occult.
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  • By the time Patrickcame onto the scene,
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  • druidism was at theheight of its powers.
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  • Druid literaturespeaks of the magical
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  • and spiritualtraining of the druid,
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  • in which he is eaten by agoddess, enters into her belly,
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  • and is reborn as thegreatest poet in the land.
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  • Mention of druidismevokes images of wizardry.
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  • And the druids inPatrick's day were into magic
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  • and charms and healing powers.
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  • They foretold the future.
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  • And they worshippedthe forces of nature.
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  • They've been referred toas magico-religious specialists,
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  • and it's said that theycould call up a storm
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  • to ward off invaders.
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  • Now, while most modern scholarswould not agree with this,
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  • no less a personthan Julius Caesar
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  • made the claim that the druidspracticed human sacrifice,
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  • burning their victims in adevice known as a “wicker man.”
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  • Caesar also said that theybelieved in reincarnation.
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  • Modern scholarssay that the druids
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  • were essentiallyshaman, spiritualists.
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  • -Dr. David Trim: So thereligious situation in Ireland
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  • in the 5th century is that it isthe last holdout of the druids,
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  • the druids who had once been thepredominant religious figures
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  • right across theBritish Isles and, indeed,
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  • the north part ofwhat we now call France.
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  • But they had been largelystamped out by the Romans,
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  • who found theirreligious practices,
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  • such as humansacrifice, objectionable.
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  • Um, there's very littleevidence of human sacrifice
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  • being practicedby Patrick's day,
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  • but the druids are there.
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  • This is a religion thatis really focused on,
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  • on nature and on spirits.
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  • Uh, but it is a fairlysophisticated religion as well.
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  • They had education;they were well-educated men
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  • by the standards of the time.
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  • And they had reasonablywell worked out cosmology
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  • and a pantheon of gods.
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  • Um, but the druid, druidicreligion, as far as we can tell,
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  • does seem to be in a little bitof decline by the 5th century.
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  • It's past its heyday,and so, uh,
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  • there is thisemphasis on spirits.
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  • Uh, and where therein mightstill be some human sacrifice
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  • is that we know people arefound in the bogs of Ireland,
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  • in the peat.
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  • Now, some of them clearlyended up there accidentally,
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  • tripped and fell, oh, too bad.
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  • But others we know,uh, are offered as sacrifices.
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  • Because you're hopingthat by doing that,
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  • you can ensure youhave good weather,
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  • a good harvest,
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  • because everythingdepends on the harvest,
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  • and so you want toappease the natural deities.
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  • -John: It was this paganismthat confronted St. Patrick
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  • during his ministryto the Irish people.
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  • Druid magicians hindered thework Patrick was trying to do.
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  • The druids resented Patrick,
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  • knowing that his ministrywas the beginning of the end
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  • for druidism.
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  • Patrick was born in Britain,
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  • which at the time wascontrolled by the Roman Empire.
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  • Exactly where he wasborn no one really knows,
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  • although it seems likelythat he was born on or near
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  • England's west coast.
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  • His family evidentlywas reasonably well-off.
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  • Both his fatherand his grandfather
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  • worked in religious service.
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  • But Patrick, as a young man,
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  • didn't takematters of faith seriously.
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  • When he was 16 years old,
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  • he was captured by raiders sentor led by Ireland's King Niall.
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  • He spent six yearstoiling as a shepherd,
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  • and it was during this timethat he found faith in God
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  • for himself.
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  • ♪[Music]♪
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  • God spoke to Patrick and toldhim to flee to the Irish coast,
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  • where he'd find a shipwaiting to take him home.
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  • So he left his master,
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  • traveled many miles to a port,and he found the promised ship.
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  • He traveled back to England andmade his way back to his family.
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  • And it was there and thenthat he dedicated his life
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  • to serving God.
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  • So how did Patrick,the runaway slave,
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  • become St. Patrick, knownand loved all the world over?
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  • And what does Patrick have to dowith the Protestant Reformation?
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  • I'll tell you morein just a moment.
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  • ♪[Music]♪
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  • -John: We look around theworld and it appears this planet
  • 00:07:40.783 --> 00:07:42.985
  • is spinning out ofcontrol in many ways.
  • 00:07:43.019 --> 00:07:46.022
  • The world of today is a far cryfrom the world of yesterday.
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  • Is there hope?
  • 00:07:49.425 --> 00:07:50.626
  • Yes, there is.
  • 00:07:50.660 --> 00:07:51.761
  • Our free offer today is"Hope for a Planet in Crisis."
  • 00:07:51.794 --> 00:07:55.531
  • Call us on(800) 253-3000,
  • 00:07:55.565 --> 00:07:58.634
  • or visit us online atwww.itiswritten.com
  • 00:07:58.668 --> 00:08:03.773
  • Or you can writeto the address on your screen.
  • 00:08:03.806 --> 00:08:06.375
  • I'd like you toreceive our free offer,
  • 00:08:06.409 --> 00:08:08.344
  • "Hope for a Planet in Crisis."
  • 00:08:08.377 --> 00:08:10.279
  • [Crickets chirping]
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  • ♪[Music]♪
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  • [Camera equipment rattling]
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  • [Rustling in bushes]
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  • [People talking]
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  • [Wind blowing]
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  • ♪[Music]♪
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  • [Cheering]
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  • ♪[Music]♪
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  • ♪[Irish music]♪
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  • -John: Thanks for joiningme today on It Is Written.
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  • He's known all around the world,
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  • and he's celebratedevery March the 17th.
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  • But who was St. Patrick,
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  • and what did he do thatmade him a global icon?
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  • Well, to begin with,he wasn't Irish; he was English.
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  • And he wasn't a Roman Catholic.
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  • The principles that he livedby and shared with others
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  • made him a forerunner ofthe Protestant Reformation,
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  • which would occurmany years after he died.
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  • He was taken fromhis home in England
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  • by Irish raiderswhen he was a boy,
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  • and he was forcedinto slavery in Ireland.
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  • He eventually escaped,
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  • and he wrote thatafter studying in France
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  • and returning tohis home in England,
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  • he had a vision,
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  • not unlike a vision Paulhad in the book of Acts.
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  • “I saw a man coming,as it were from Ireland.
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  • His name was Victoricus,and he carried many letters,
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  • and he gave me one of them.
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  • I read the heading:'The Voice of the Irish.'
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  • As I began the letter,
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  • I imagined in thatmoment that I heard the voice
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  • of those very people whowere near the wood of Foclut,
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  • which is beside the western sea,
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  • and they cried out,as with one voice,
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  • 'We appeal to you,holy servant boy,
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  • to come and walk among us.'”
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  • Eventually, Patrick actedon the vision he received
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  • and returned to Irelandto work as a missionary.
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  • He landed at the same port fromwhich he had escaped Ireland,
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  • and began his ministry in Tara,just north of Dublin,
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  • in what today isthe Republic of Ireland.
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  • And before long, theson of a powerful chieftain
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  • in the north ofIreland was converted
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  • and joined Patrick'smissionary team.
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  • Thousands were baptized,
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  • among them many whowere wealthy and influential.
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  • Patrick ordained pastorsthroughout the island
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  • to shepherd these newChristian communities.
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  • Here's what he said aboutthe new Irish believers:
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  • “Never before didthey know of God
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  • except to serveidols and unclean things.
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  • But now, they've becomethe people of the Lord,
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  • and are called children of God.
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  • The sons and daughtersof the leaders of the Irish
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  • are seen to be monksand virgins of Christ.”
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  • There's plentysaid about Patrick's life
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  • that's nothingmore than legend.
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  • No, he didn't chase allthe snakes out of Ireland.
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  • There'd never been any snakesin Ireland in the first place.
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  • They certainlydidn't attack him
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  • after he had fasted for 40 days.
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  • His walking stickdid not grow into a tree.
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  • And he never used theshamrock to teach the Irish
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  • about the Trinity.
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  • Patrick sailed from nearDrogheda to just outside Belfast
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  • where he begansharing the gospel with people,
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  • who, for the most part, hadzero working knowledge
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  • of the plan of salvation.
  • 00:12:18.627 --> 00:12:20.329
  • Now, Patrick wasn'tthe first missionary to Ireland,
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  • but he was the first to gain anyreal traction and establish
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  • an effective,far-reaching work.
  • 00:12:27.069 --> 00:12:30.339
  • So what was it that drove
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  • this Bible-believingmissionary forward?
  • 00:12:32.341 --> 00:12:34.977
  • As the church lostits focus on the Bible,
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  • its increasing popularitywithin the Roman Empire
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  • caused it to compromiseits faith and witness.
  • 00:12:41.150 --> 00:12:44.920
  • However, there were manyChristians who put up
  • 00:12:44.954 --> 00:12:47.590
  • strong resistance to this newalliance of church and state.
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  • During these centuries, theCeltic Christians set a pattern
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  • of independencefrom the church of Rome.
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  • Like the reformerswhich would follow them later,
  • 00:12:59.768 --> 00:13:02.504
  • they held to theBible as their exclusive
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  • and supreme spiritual authority.
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  • Historians had thisto say about Patrick:
  • 00:13:08.377 --> 00:13:11.447
  • “He never mentionseither Rome or the pope
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  • or hints that he wasin any way connected
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  • with the ecclesiasticalcapital of Italy.
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  • He recognizes no other authoritybut that of the Word of God.
  • 00:13:19.822 --> 00:13:24.460
  • If he were sent by Celestineto the native Christians
  • 00:13:24.493 --> 00:13:27.229
  • to be theirprimate or archbishop,
  • 00:13:27.263 --> 00:13:29.598
  • no wonder that stout-heartedPatrick refused to bow his neck
  • 00:13:29.632 --> 00:13:33.569
  • to any such yoke of bondage.
  • 00:13:33.602 --> 00:13:37.239
  • There is strong evidencethat Patrick had no
  • 00:13:37.273 --> 00:13:39.375
  • Roman commission in Ireland.
  • 00:13:39.408 --> 00:13:41.744
  • Patrick's churches in Ireland,
  • 00:13:41.777 --> 00:13:43.178
  • like their brethren in Britain,
  • 00:13:43.212 --> 00:13:45.214
  • repudiated thesupremacy of the popes.
  • 00:13:45.247 --> 00:13:48.384
  • All knowledge of the conversionof Ireland through his ministry
  • 00:13:48.417 --> 00:13:51.020
  • must be suppressed.
  • 00:13:51.053 --> 00:13:53.222
  • There is not a writtenword from one of them
  • 00:13:53.255 --> 00:13:55.024
  • rejoicing over Patrick'sadditions to their church,
  • 00:13:55.057 --> 00:13:58.227
  • showing clearly that he wasnot a Roman missionary.”
  • 00:13:58.260 --> 00:14:02.131
  • -Dr. Trim: In the 5th centurythere is only one church.
  • 00:14:02.164 --> 00:14:05.401
  • Uh, and there's stilla connection between
  • 00:14:05.434 --> 00:14:07.603
  • Britain and Rome.
  • 00:14:07.636 --> 00:14:08.804
  • It's in the middle 5thcentury that that gets severed,
  • 00:14:08.837 --> 00:14:11.006
  • and the British Isles getscut off from the Roman Empire.
  • 00:14:11.040 --> 00:14:14.576
  • Um, but at that pointhere is still one church,
  • 00:14:14.610 --> 00:14:16.745
  • and Patrick is a member of it,
  • 00:14:16.779 --> 00:14:18.347
  • from all the evidencewe have, um,
  • 00:14:18.380 --> 00:14:21.183
  • and we know that thatchurch actually sent,
  • 00:14:21.216 --> 00:14:23.385
  • sent Germanus to Britain in 429,and one of his colleagues,
  • 00:14:23.419 --> 00:14:27.623
  • Palladius, is believedto have gone to Ireland.
  • 00:14:27.656 --> 00:14:30.492
  • Um, but he seemsto have minimal impact.
  • 00:14:30.526 --> 00:14:32.795
  • But that's the churchthat they're part of.
  • 00:14:32.828 --> 00:14:34.430
  • But it's really the inheritanceof the primitive church
  • 00:14:34.463 --> 00:14:37.333
  • of Christ's day.
  • 00:14:37.366 --> 00:14:38.901
  • Um, if we say theCatholic Church,
  • 00:14:38.934 --> 00:14:41.670
  • then peoplethink of St. Peter's,
  • 00:14:41.704 --> 00:14:43.639
  • and a whole series of things
  • 00:14:43.672 --> 00:14:46.241
  • which just don'texist in the 5th century.
  • 00:14:46.275 --> 00:14:49.712
  • So to, you know, thedanger of saying that he's
  • 00:14:49.745 --> 00:14:52.982
  • a Roman Catholic missionary,it's true in one sense,
  • 00:14:53.015 --> 00:14:56.352
  • but it's not true in another,
  • 00:14:56.385 --> 00:14:58.354
  • because there--it's, it--therejust isn't a church, like,
  • 00:14:58.387 --> 00:15:02.524
  • called theRoman Catholic Church.
  • 00:15:02.558 --> 00:15:03.859
  • There is the one church,which is called "Catholic"
  • 00:15:03.892 --> 00:15:07.763
  • at the time todistinguish it from Arians,
  • 00:15:07.796 --> 00:15:09.898
  • uh, who don't believe inthe full divinity of Christ.
  • 00:15:09.932 --> 00:15:13.235
  • That's what "Catholic"means in the 5th century;
  • 00:15:13.268 --> 00:15:16.005
  • it means somebody whois an orthodox Christian
  • 00:15:16.038 --> 00:15:18.574
  • on the Trinity.
  • 00:15:18.607 --> 00:15:19.808
  • And Patrick is definitely that.
  • 00:15:19.842 --> 00:15:22.878
  • So what we know about Patrickcomes largely from his writings.
  • 00:15:22.911 --> 00:15:29.351
  • There are stories,
  • 00:15:29.385 --> 00:15:30.486
  • but most of them werewritten down in the 7th century,
  • 00:15:30.519 --> 00:15:33.222
  • so, 200 years after he died.
  • 00:15:33.255 --> 00:15:35.157
  • So there's probably somegrains of truth left in them,
  • 00:15:35.190 --> 00:15:39.661
  • but a lot of exaggeration.
  • 00:15:39.695 --> 00:15:41.864
  • To judge from his own writings,he's a relatively simple,
  • 00:15:41.897 --> 00:15:45.300
  • uh, Christian.
  • 00:15:45.334 --> 00:15:46.268
  • His theology is, isrelatively simplistic.
  • 00:15:46.301 --> 00:15:49.705
  • And that's not acriticism--far from it.
  • 00:15:49.738 --> 00:15:52.408
  • Uh, he's definitely trinitarian;he believes very strongly,
  • 00:15:52.441 --> 00:15:56.445
  • uh, in God the Father, God theSon, and the Holy Spirit,
  • 00:15:56.478 --> 00:15:59.415
  • and he's veryfocused on Christ.
  • 00:15:59.448 --> 00:16:00.849
  • But he has a simple message,
  • 00:16:00.883 --> 00:16:02.084
  • and he has a burning passionfor the people of Ireland,
  • 00:16:02.117 --> 00:16:05.621
  • who had enslavedhim as a youth.
  • 00:16:05.654 --> 00:16:08.590
  • But even after he was free,he recognized,
  • 00:16:08.624 --> 00:16:10.592
  • these people arelost in superstition
  • 00:16:10.626 --> 00:16:13.295
  • and I have good news for them.
  • 00:16:13.328 --> 00:16:14.830
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:16:14.863 --> 00:16:16.031
  • A century after Patrick,
  • 00:16:16.065 --> 00:16:17.933
  • the church of Romelaunched an attack
  • 00:16:17.966 --> 00:16:19.902
  • on the Celtic communitiesof Western Europe,
  • 00:16:19.935 --> 00:16:23.038
  • because the Irish customs ofthe Celtic church were at odds
  • 00:16:23.072 --> 00:16:26.341
  • with the customs sanctionedby the Bishop of Rome,
  • 00:16:26.375 --> 00:16:29.044
  • who by now had becomea very powerful figure.
  • 00:16:29.078 --> 00:16:31.980
  • But Patrick wasn't the only one
  • 00:16:32.014 --> 00:16:34.316
  • who was reachingthe world with the gospel.
  • 00:16:34.349 --> 00:16:36.919
  • After Patrick, there was Aidan,
  • 00:16:36.952 --> 00:16:39.455
  • who as amissionary went to England
  • 00:16:39.488 --> 00:16:41.557
  • and reached notonly the high nobility,
  • 00:16:41.590 --> 00:16:44.393
  • but also children and slaves.
  • 00:16:44.426 --> 00:16:46.228
  • And he traveled extensively.
  • 00:16:46.261 --> 00:16:48.263
  • Like Patrick,
  • 00:16:48.297 --> 00:16:49.264
  • he wasn't affiliatedwith the Roman church.
  • 00:16:49.298 --> 00:16:52.401
  • Aidan establisheda cathedral
  • 00:16:52.434 --> 00:16:54.336
  • off the northeasterncoast of England
  • 00:16:54.369 --> 00:16:56.038
  • on the island of Lindisfarne,
  • 00:16:56.071 --> 00:16:58.207
  • and from there he wasgreatly influential in reaching
  • 00:16:58.240 --> 00:17:01.510
  • great numbers ofpeople for Christ,
  • 00:17:01.543 --> 00:17:03.078
  • especially in theregion of Northumbria.
  • 00:17:03.112 --> 00:17:06.982
  • And there wasanother who reached
  • 00:17:07.015 --> 00:17:09.351
  • not only the British Isles,
  • 00:17:09.384 --> 00:17:10.986
  • but who impacted the worldwith the message of the gospel.
  • 00:17:11.019 --> 00:17:15.657
  • He was from thisisland of Ireland,
  • 00:17:15.691 --> 00:17:18.127
  • and I'll tell you whohe was in just a moment.
  • 00:17:18.160 --> 00:17:21.029
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:17:21.063 --> 00:17:25.234
  • -Announcer: Planningfor your financial future
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  • is a vital aspect ofChristian stewardship.
  • 00:17:30.405 --> 00:17:34.209
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  • free planned givingand estate services.
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  • For information onhow we can help you,
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  • please call800-992-2219
  • 00:17:42.184 --> 00:17:46.889
  • Call today,or visit our website,
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  • HisLegacy.com
  • 00:17:49.191 --> 00:17:51.393
  • Call800-992-2219
  • 00:17:51.426 --> 00:17:56.131
  • ♪[Irish music]♪
  • 00:17:56.999 --> 00:18:05.474
  • -John Bradshaw: Thanks forjoining me on It Is Written.
  • 00:18:05.507 --> 00:18:08.277
  • Right here on thisvery spot in Belfast, Ireland,
  • 00:18:08.310 --> 00:18:11.380
  • there was a hive of activitya little over 100 years ago.
  • 00:18:11.413 --> 00:18:15.184
  • Right here is wherethe Titanic was built.
  • 00:18:15.217 --> 00:18:18.387
  • Not only the Titanic,but its sister ships,
  • 00:18:18.420 --> 00:18:20.522
  • the Olympicand the Britannic.
  • 00:18:20.556 --> 00:18:22.824
  • Thousands of workerslabored on this very spot.
  • 00:18:22.858 --> 00:18:25.794
  • What happened here thendominated not only this city,
  • 00:18:25.827 --> 00:18:29.464
  • but went on to impact the world.
  • 00:18:29.498 --> 00:18:32.467
  • Somebody elselabored here in Ireland
  • 00:18:32.501 --> 00:18:34.836
  • whose work impacted the world,
  • 00:18:34.870 --> 00:18:36.705
  • and that was Patrick.
  • 00:18:36.738 --> 00:18:38.507
  • Patrick was a dynamicChristian missionary,
  • 00:18:38.540 --> 00:18:41.543
  • and from Ireland his influencespread to impact Christians
  • 00:18:41.577 --> 00:18:45.714
  • and Christianityall around the world.
  • 00:18:45.747 --> 00:18:48.951
  • In the time of Patrick,the church was dominated
  • 00:18:48.984 --> 00:18:51.653
  • by the popes of Rome,
  • 00:18:51.687 --> 00:18:53.422
  • and they were not too keenwith what Patrick was doing.
  • 00:18:53.455 --> 00:18:56.458
  • They saw it as a directthreat against their authority,
  • 00:18:56.491 --> 00:18:59.561
  • and they werecommitted to getting rid
  • 00:18:59.595 --> 00:19:00.929
  • of the distinctiveIrish religious practices.
  • 00:19:00.963 --> 00:19:04.733
  • But it wasn't only Patrickthat impacted the world
  • 00:19:04.766 --> 00:19:07.803
  • in those days.
  • 00:19:07.836 --> 00:19:08.937
  • Aidan was an Irish missionarywho traveled to England
  • 00:19:08.971 --> 00:19:12.975
  • and won manythere to faith in Christ.
  • 00:19:13.008 --> 00:19:16.311
  • He was sent from theremote Scottish island of Iona,
  • 00:19:16.345 --> 00:19:20.415
  • where a missionarytraining center
  • 00:19:20.449 --> 00:19:21.950
  • had been established byanother Irish evangelist,
  • 00:19:21.984 --> 00:19:25.654
  • a man by the name of Columba.
  • 00:19:25.687 --> 00:19:28.857
  • Today, Columba is remembered
  • 00:19:28.890 --> 00:19:30.425
  • as one of the threechief saints of Ireland,
  • 00:19:30.459 --> 00:19:33.495
  • along with Patrickand Brigid of Kildare.
  • 00:19:33.528 --> 00:19:36.999
  • He was born in Donegal,in the northwest of Ireland,
  • 00:19:37.032 --> 00:19:40.168
  • in the year 521.
  • 00:19:40.202 --> 00:19:42.704
  • When he was about 40 years old,
  • 00:19:42.738 --> 00:19:44.206
  • he set off with severalothers to evangelize the Picts.
  • 00:19:44.239 --> 00:19:48.377
  • He traveled 100 miles toIona and built a monastery,
  • 00:19:48.410 --> 00:19:53.248
  • not as a retreat, but as amissionary training center.
  • 00:19:53.282 --> 00:19:57.319
  • The Venerable Bede, theinfluential writer and scholar,
  • 00:19:57.352 --> 00:20:00.922
  • said that Columba “converted thenation to the faith of Christ,
  • 00:20:00.956 --> 00:20:04.926
  • by preaching and example.”
  • 00:20:04.960 --> 00:20:07.763
  • As well as being anevangelist and a missionary,
  • 00:20:07.796 --> 00:20:09.731
  • there was somethingelse that set Columba apart.
  • 00:20:09.765 --> 00:20:12.968
  • In contrast withthe church of Rome,
  • 00:20:13.001 --> 00:20:15.837
  • he observed theSabbath on Saturday,
  • 00:20:15.871 --> 00:20:18.540
  • the seventh day of the week.
  • 00:20:18.573 --> 00:20:20.642
  • There's no evidence heever kept Sunday as the Sabbath.
  • 00:20:20.676 --> 00:20:24.546
  • Dr. Leslie Hardinge examinedevery primary source connected
  • 00:20:24.579 --> 00:20:27.916
  • with the Celtic church,
  • 00:20:27.949 --> 00:20:29.584
  • and confirmed thisCeltic Sabbath connection.
  • 00:20:29.618 --> 00:20:33.355
  • Just before he died,Columba said,
  • 00:20:33.388 --> 00:20:35.957
  • “This day is called in thesacred books 'Sabbath,'
  • 00:20:35.991 --> 00:20:40.128
  • which is interpreted 'rest.'
  • 00:20:40.162 --> 00:20:41.897
  • And truly this dayis for me a Sabbath,
  • 00:20:41.930 --> 00:20:46.034
  • because it is my last dayof this present laborious life.
  • 00:20:46.068 --> 00:20:50.205
  • In it after my toilsomelabors I keep Sabbath.
  • 00:20:50.238 --> 00:20:55.510
  • One historian wrote,
  • 00:20:55.544 --> 00:20:57.212
  • “We find traces in the earlymonastic churches of Ireland
  • 00:20:57.245 --> 00:21:00.849
  • that they held Saturdayto be the Sabbath
  • 00:21:00.882 --> 00:21:03.618
  • on which they restedfrom all their labors.”
  • 00:21:03.652 --> 00:21:07.923
  • Later, in the 11th century,Queen Margaret of Scotland
  • 00:21:07.956 --> 00:21:11.393
  • said this aboutScottish Christians.
  • 00:21:11.426 --> 00:21:13.628
  • She said, “They work on Sunday,
  • 00:21:13.662 --> 00:21:15.864
  • but they keep Saturdayafter a sabbatical manner.”
  • 00:21:15.897 --> 00:21:19.768
  • But Queen Margaret,
  • 00:21:19.801 --> 00:21:20.736
  • later Saint Margaretin the Catholic Church,
  • 00:21:20.769 --> 00:21:23.271
  • was committed toeradicating Sabbath worship
  • 00:21:23.305 --> 00:21:26.775
  • and replacing it insteadwith worship on Sunday.
  • 00:21:26.808 --> 00:21:30.512
  • The Roman emperor Constantine,
  • 00:21:30.545 --> 00:21:32.447
  • who was a pagan sun worshipper
  • 00:21:32.481 --> 00:21:34.516
  • before his nominalconversion to Christianity,
  • 00:21:34.549 --> 00:21:38.253
  • was the first to decreeSunday worship,
  • 00:21:38.286 --> 00:21:41.223
  • and he did itbefore Patrick's time.
  • 00:21:41.256 --> 00:21:43.725
  • But the Irish Christians werenot bound by Roman decrees.
  • 00:21:43.759 --> 00:21:49.664
  • One thousand yearsbefore the beginning
  • 00:21:49.698 --> 00:21:51.767
  • of the Protestant Reformation,Patrick was a nonconformist.
  • 00:21:51.800 --> 00:21:56.004
  • Before there was a reformation,
  • 00:21:56.037 --> 00:21:57.906
  • Patrick was a Protestant.
  • 00:21:57.939 --> 00:22:01.710
  • In this way, the Celticchurch formed part
  • 00:22:01.743 --> 00:22:04.679
  • of what the Bible refers to asthe “church in the wilderness”
  • 00:22:04.713 --> 00:22:07.916
  • during the Middle Ages.
  • 00:22:07.949 --> 00:22:09.718
  • John wrote about this time ofexile for Christian believers.
  • 00:22:09.751 --> 00:22:12.687
  • He said in Revelation 12and verse 6,
  • 00:22:12.721 --> 00:22:15.490
  • “And the woman”--that's the church--
  • 00:22:15.524 --> 00:22:17.459
  • “fled into the wilderness,
  • 00:22:17.492 --> 00:22:19.127
  • where she has aplace prepared by God.”
  • 00:22:19.161 --> 00:22:22.397
  • The Albigensesof southern France,
  • 00:22:22.431 --> 00:22:24.299
  • the Waldenses ofItaly and the Alps,
  • 00:22:24.332 --> 00:22:26.401
  • and others like them,
  • 00:22:26.435 --> 00:22:27.936
  • chose to basetheir faith on the Bible,
  • 00:22:27.969 --> 00:22:30.405
  • rather than lining up behind achurch that was placing
  • 00:22:30.439 --> 00:22:32.741
  • such a strongemphasis on tradition.
  • 00:22:32.774 --> 00:22:35.243
  • They kept the torch of Christianfaith shining brightly in an era
  • 00:22:35.277 --> 00:22:39.481
  • of what was some prettyconsiderable spiritual darkness.
  • 00:22:39.514 --> 00:22:42.751
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:22:42.784 --> 00:22:46.721
  • Unfortunately, the Christiansof Ireland and Scotland
  • 00:22:46.755 --> 00:22:50.358
  • didn't maintain theirreligious freedom indefinitely.
  • 00:22:50.392 --> 00:22:53.962
  • In time, new rulers cameto power in both countries
  • 00:22:53.995 --> 00:22:57.466
  • who submitted the practicesof both church and state
  • 00:22:57.499 --> 00:23:00.368
  • to the rule of theCatholic Church.
  • 00:23:00.402 --> 00:23:03.438
  • But the legacy ofthe Celtic church,
  • 00:23:03.472 --> 00:23:05.674
  • and Patrick in particular,was destined to live on.
  • 00:23:05.707 --> 00:23:10.378
  • The spirit ofindependence from Rome
  • 00:23:10.412 --> 00:23:12.814
  • was nurtured by theoriginal British church.
  • 00:23:12.848 --> 00:23:16.251
  • Submission to rules of anysort on the European continent,
  • 00:23:16.284 --> 00:23:19.154
  • ecclesiastical or political,
  • 00:23:19.187 --> 00:23:21.289
  • didn't come easy tothe British or the Irish.
  • 00:23:21.323 --> 00:23:23.091
  • ♪[bagpipes]♪
  • 00:23:23.124 --> 00:23:24.192
  • When King Henry VIII
  • 00:23:24.226 --> 00:23:25.827
  • declared England freefrom the Roman church
  • 00:23:25.861 --> 00:23:28.630
  • and established the Church ofEngland, or the Anglican Church,
  • 00:23:28.663 --> 00:23:32.534
  • he was simply enshrining in lawwhat in millions of English
  • 00:23:32.567 --> 00:23:36.238
  • minds had been truefor centuries.
  • 00:23:36.271 --> 00:23:39.074
  • Speaking prophetically of thistime, the prophet Daniel wrote
  • 00:23:39.107 --> 00:23:41.743
  • in Daniel 11:32 and 33,
  • 00:23:41.776 --> 00:23:44.179
  • “The people who knowtheir God shall be strong
  • 00:23:44.212 --> 00:23:47.082
  • and carry out great exploits.
  • 00:23:47.115 --> 00:23:49.551
  • And those of the people thatunderstand shall instruct many.”
  • 00:23:49.584 --> 00:23:53.421
  • This is the truelegacy of Patrick,
  • 00:23:53.455 --> 00:23:55.323
  • and of the Celtic church,
  • 00:23:55.357 --> 00:23:57.626
  • and those heroes of faithwho held the true gospel
  • 00:23:57.659 --> 00:24:01.763
  • in the centuries priorto the Reformation.
  • 00:24:01.796 --> 00:24:04.766
  • Without this gospel seedhaving been sown
  • 00:24:04.799 --> 00:24:07.469
  • and scattered byPatrick and others,
  • 00:24:07.502 --> 00:24:10.105
  • the Reformation mightnever have happened.
  • 00:24:10.138 --> 00:24:14.042
  • It's said that Patrickdied on March the 17th
  • 00:24:14.075 --> 00:24:17.178
  • in the year 461 A.D.,
  • 00:24:17.212 --> 00:24:19.581
  • and that he's buried righthere outside Down Cathedral in
  • 00:24:19.614 --> 00:24:25.654
  • Downpatrick in northern Ireland,
  • 00:24:25.687 --> 00:24:28.256
  • alongside Brigid and Columba,
  • 00:24:28.290 --> 00:24:31.192
  • two other giantsof Irish history.
  • 00:24:31.226 --> 00:24:34.396
  • The legend ofPatrick lives on here.
  • 00:24:34.429 --> 00:24:37.232
  • The truth of his life is evenmore impressive than the legend.
  • 00:24:37.265 --> 00:24:41.536
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:24:41.570 --> 00:24:46.141
  • -John: I'm John Bradshawfrom It Is Written,
  • 00:24:46.174 --> 00:24:49.010
  • inviting you to joinme for "500,"
  • 00:24:49.044 --> 00:24:52.681
  • nine programsproduced by It Is Written
  • 00:24:52.714 --> 00:24:54.950
  • taking you deepinto the Reformation.
  • 00:24:54.983 --> 00:24:58.119
  • This is the 500thanniversary of the beginning
  • 00:24:58.153 --> 00:25:01.156
  • of the Reformation,
  • 00:25:01.189 --> 00:25:02.290
  • when Martin Luthernailed his 95 theses to the door
  • 00:25:02.324 --> 00:25:05.226
  • of the Castle churchin Wittenburg, Germany.
  • 00:25:05.260 --> 00:25:07.662
  • We'll take you to Wittenburg,and to Belgium,
  • 00:25:07.696 --> 00:25:09.864
  • to England, to Ireland,
  • 00:25:09.898 --> 00:25:12.267
  • to Rome, to the Vatican City,
  • 00:25:12.300 --> 00:25:14.402
  • and introduce you to the peoplewho created the Reformation,
  • 00:25:14.436 --> 00:25:17.372
  • who pushed theReformation forward.
  • 00:25:17.405 --> 00:25:19.374
  • We'll take you to sitesall throughout Europe
  • 00:25:19.407 --> 00:25:21.309
  • where the reformers lived and,in some cases, died.
  • 00:25:21.343 --> 00:25:24.179
  • We'll bring you backto the United States
  • 00:25:24.212 --> 00:25:25.814
  • and take you to a littlefarm in upstate New York,
  • 00:25:25.847 --> 00:25:28.850
  • and show you how Godspread the Reformation here.
  • 00:25:28.883 --> 00:25:31.786
  • Don't miss "500."
  • 00:25:31.820 --> 00:25:33.788
  • You can own the"500" series on DVD.
  • 00:25:33.822 --> 00:25:36.758
  • Call us on888-664-5573
  • 00:25:36.791 --> 00:25:41.496
  • Or visit us online atitiswritten.shop
  • 00:25:41.529 --> 00:25:46.368
  • -John: Let's pray together.
  • 00:25:47.535 --> 00:25:49.237
  • Our Father in heaven,
  • 00:25:49.270 --> 00:25:50.639
  • I thank You today forgiant figures of history
  • 00:25:50.672 --> 00:25:53.708
  • who changed theworld for Your glory.
  • 00:25:53.742 --> 00:25:56.878
  • People like Patrickand Aiden and Columba,
  • 00:25:56.911 --> 00:26:00.749
  • who shared theBible with people,
  • 00:26:00.782 --> 00:26:02.651
  • and urged them to knowJesus as their personal Savior.
  • 00:26:02.684 --> 00:26:06.554
  • I pray today for us here, now,
  • 00:26:06.588 --> 00:26:09.624
  • I pray that we, too, wouldhear the voice of Jesus.
  • 00:26:09.658 --> 00:26:12.527
  • I pray for that one who isjoining me in prayer right now
  • 00:26:12.560 --> 00:26:16.631
  • who knows thatshe or he must give
  • 00:26:16.665 --> 00:26:18.633
  • her or his heartto Jesus Christ now.
  • 00:26:18.667 --> 00:26:21.236
  • Friend, would you do that?
  • 00:26:21.269 --> 00:26:22.937
  • Would you reach out to Jesus,
  • 00:26:22.971 --> 00:26:24.072
  • knowing that He'sreaching out to you,
  • 00:26:24.105 --> 00:26:26.074
  • and claim Him asyour righteousness
  • 00:26:26.107 --> 00:26:28.109
  • and as your Lord and Savior?
  • 00:26:28.143 --> 00:26:31.079
  • Father, we thank Youtoday for the Scriptures,
  • 00:26:31.112 --> 00:26:33.581
  • we thank You for Your Word andfor Jesus the "Word made flesh."
  • 00:26:33.615 --> 00:26:38.720
  • And we pray withfaith and thanks,
  • 00:26:38.753 --> 00:26:41.456
  • In Jesus's name,
  • 00:26:41.489 --> 00:26:43.458
  • Amen.
  • 00:26:43.491 --> 00:26:45.126
  • Thanks so much for joining me.
  • 00:26:45.160 --> 00:26:46.494
  • I'm looking forward toseeing you again next time.
  • 00:26:46.528 --> 00:26:49.064
  • Until then, remember:
  • 00:26:49.097 --> 00:26:50.965
  • "It is written,
  • 00:26:50.999 --> 00:26:52.434
  • 'Man shall not liveby bread alone,
  • 00:26:52.467 --> 00:26:55.003
  • but by every word that proceedsfrom the mouth of God.'"
  • 00:26:55.036 --> 00:26:58.473
  • ♪[Theme music]♪
  • 00:26:58.506 --> 00:27:29.010

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