The Counter-Reformation | TBN

The Counter-Reformation

Watch The Counter-Reformation
May 24, 2020
27:30

It Is Written seeks to impact lives for Christ.

Closed captions

The Counter-Reformation

Show timecode
Hide timecode
  • ♪[Theme music]♪
  • 00:00:01.013 --> 00:00:18.297
  • -John Bradshaw:This is It Is Written.
  • 00:00:21.033 --> 00:00:23.235
  • I'm John Bradshaw.Thanks for joining me.
  • 00:00:23.268 --> 00:00:26.271
  • On September the 27th, 1540,Pope Paul III
  • 00:00:26.305 --> 00:00:30.442
  • sat in the ApostolicPalace in the Vatican City,
  • 00:00:30.476 --> 00:00:33.812
  • wondering if thingscould possibly get worse
  • 00:00:33.846 --> 00:00:36.448
  • for him and for his church.
  • 00:00:36.482 --> 00:00:38.750
  • He realized thatthe Vatican City
  • 00:00:38.784 --> 00:00:40.886
  • had a lot of ground to make up.
  • 00:00:40.919 --> 00:00:43.255
  • It had been 23 yearssince Martin Luther
  • 00:00:43.288 --> 00:00:46.225
  • had nailed his Ninety-FiveTheses to the door
  • 00:00:46.258 --> 00:00:48.927
  • of the Castle Churchin Wittenberg, Germany.
  • 00:00:48.961 --> 00:00:51.697
  • And since that time,whole countries
  • 00:00:51.730 --> 00:00:54.299
  • had broken freefrom Rome's control.
  • 00:00:54.333 --> 00:00:57.169
  • Parts of Germanyand Scandinavia,
  • 00:00:57.202 --> 00:01:00.239
  • England, the Netherlands,Switzerland--
  • 00:01:00.272 --> 00:01:03.041
  • they all seceded from Rome.
  • 00:01:03.075 --> 00:01:06.078
  • Luther's writings and thewritings of other reformers
  • 00:01:06.111 --> 00:01:08.881
  • had spread across Europe.
  • 00:01:08.914 --> 00:01:11.450
  • People wereexperiencing liberation.
  • 00:01:11.483 --> 00:01:15.821
  • Long before Luther,
  • 00:01:15.854 --> 00:01:17.222
  • there were reformmovements within Catholicism.
  • 00:01:17.256 --> 00:01:20.058
  • Peter Waldo pressed forreform within the church
  • 00:01:20.092 --> 00:01:23.028
  • in the 12th century.
  • 00:01:23.061 --> 00:01:24.830
  • He spoke against purgatoryand against the teaching
  • 00:01:24.863 --> 00:01:27.833
  • of transubstantiation,
  • 00:01:27.866 --> 00:01:29.902
  • which states thatduring the communion service
  • 00:01:29.935 --> 00:01:32.171
  • the bread and wine, or juice,
  • 00:01:32.204 --> 00:01:34.206
  • become the actualbody and blood of Jesus.
  • 00:01:34.239 --> 00:01:37.643
  • For his trouble, he wasseverely persecuted.
  • 00:01:37.676 --> 00:01:40.946
  • He and his followers retreatedto live in the isolated valleys
  • 00:01:40.979 --> 00:01:43.849
  • of the Piedmontregion in northern Italy,
  • 00:01:43.882 --> 00:01:46.084
  • where they worked and educated.
  • 00:01:46.118 --> 00:01:48.620
  • But it wasn't far enough awayto be out of the reach
  • 00:01:48.654 --> 00:01:51.089
  • of a church that wasdetermined to destroy them.
  • 00:01:51.123 --> 00:01:54.693
  • John Wycliffe, who wasborn around the year 1328,
  • 00:01:55.961 --> 00:01:59.398
  • is known today as "the MorningStar of the Reformation."
  • 00:01:59.431 --> 00:02:03.035
  • Educated at BalliolCollege in Oxford,
  • 00:02:03.068 --> 00:02:05.504
  • he translated the Biblefrom Latin into English,
  • 00:02:05.537 --> 00:02:08.407
  • or the English of his day.
  • 00:02:08.440 --> 00:02:10.909
  • From his parish inLutterworth in England,
  • 00:02:10.943 --> 00:02:13.579
  • Wycliffe attacked monasticism,
  • 00:02:13.612 --> 00:02:16.081
  • the veneration of saints,
  • 00:02:16.114 --> 00:02:17.816
  • transubstantiation,
  • 00:02:17.849 --> 00:02:19.651
  • and he even saidthe papacy wasn't biblical,
  • 00:02:19.685 --> 00:02:22.955
  • going so far as to equatethe papacy with the antichrist.
  • 00:02:22.988 --> 00:02:27.159
  • It's no wonderhe wasn't popular.
  • 00:02:27.192 --> 00:02:29.127
  • After his death the churchdeclared him to be a heretic,
  • 00:02:29.161 --> 00:02:33.332
  • exhumed his body,burned his remains,
  • 00:02:33.365 --> 00:02:36.401
  • and cast his ashesinto the River Swift,
  • 00:02:36.435 --> 00:02:39.972
  • which flows through Lutterworth.
  • 00:02:40.005 --> 00:02:42.140
  • Wycliffe influenced the Czechreformer Jan Hus, or John Huss.
  • 00:02:42.174 --> 00:02:46.878
  • Now, you have to keepin mind that to speak out
  • 00:02:46.912 --> 00:02:49.448
  • against the churchmeant death,
  • 00:02:49.481 --> 00:02:51.717
  • and these men knew that.
  • 00:02:51.750 --> 00:02:53.418
  • Huss was commanded by thechurch to appear at a trial
  • 00:02:53.452 --> 00:02:56.655
  • in Constance, Germany.
  • 00:02:56.688 --> 00:02:58.490
  • The church promisedto protect him.
  • 00:02:58.523 --> 00:03:01.460
  • But the moment hearrived in that city,
  • 00:03:01.493 --> 00:03:03.595
  • he was apprehendedby the church,
  • 00:03:03.629 --> 00:03:05.697
  • thrown into a loathsome prison,left to languish there.
  • 00:03:05.731 --> 00:03:09.034
  • Then he was broughtout and executed,
  • 00:03:09.067 --> 00:03:11.770
  • and his ashes werethrown into the Rhine River.
  • 00:03:11.803 --> 00:03:15.274
  • Luther was by nomeans the first burr
  • 00:03:15.307 --> 00:03:18.143
  • under the saddleof the church,
  • 00:03:18.176 --> 00:03:19.978
  • but he was definitelythe biggest challenge
  • 00:03:20.012 --> 00:03:22.080
  • that they'd had to deal with.
  • 00:03:22.114 --> 00:03:23.415
  • Now, it's not likeLuther didn't have
  • 00:03:23.448 --> 00:03:25.550
  • plenty of materialto work with.
  • 00:03:25.584 --> 00:03:27.252
  • Church leaders, many of them,were openly corrupt;
  • 00:03:27.286 --> 00:03:30.355
  • the faithful were keptcompletely in the dark,
  • 00:03:30.389 --> 00:03:32.658
  • as far as Scripturewas concerned.
  • 00:03:32.691 --> 00:03:34.726
  • They couldn'tpossess the Bible;
  • 00:03:34.760 --> 00:03:36.328
  • in fact, to have the Bible,portions of the Bible,
  • 00:03:36.361 --> 00:03:39.264
  • even handwrittenportions of the Bible,
  • 00:03:39.298 --> 00:03:42.200
  • was enough to get aperson sentenced to death.
  • 00:03:42.234 --> 00:03:45.003
  • The church financedthe building of St. Peter's
  • 00:03:46.538 --> 00:03:48.674
  • by selling indulgences.
  • 00:03:48.707 --> 00:03:50.909
  • This was a phenomenal abuseof ignorant church members,
  • 00:03:50.942 --> 00:03:54.146
  • telling them thatsins could be forgiven
  • 00:03:54.179 --> 00:03:56.148
  • or temporal punishmentfor sin would be lessened
  • 00:03:56.181 --> 00:03:58.917
  • if they paidmoney to the church.
  • 00:03:58.950 --> 00:04:01.653
  • Indulgences couldbe bought for the dead.
  • 00:04:01.687 --> 00:04:05.057
  • It was outrageous.
  • 00:04:05.090 --> 00:04:06.792
  • Reform was inevitable.
  • 00:04:06.825 --> 00:04:09.961
  • And by the time Luther stood up,and Melanchthon with him,
  • 00:04:09.995 --> 00:04:12.931
  • and Calvin and Fareland Zwingli and Knox--
  • 00:04:12.964 --> 00:04:15.901
  • all roughlyat the same time--
  • 00:04:15.934 --> 00:04:18.637
  • the world was shaken.
  • 00:04:18.670 --> 00:04:21.506
  • And the church trembled.
  • 00:04:21.540 --> 00:04:24.343
  • Which brings us back toSeptember the 27th, 1540,
  • 00:04:25.377 --> 00:04:29.348
  • at a meeting thattook place on that day,
  • 00:04:29.381 --> 00:04:31.917
  • here in the Vatican.
  • 00:04:31.950 --> 00:04:33.485
  • A small group of priests
  • 00:04:33.518 --> 00:04:35.187
  • was ushered intoPope Paul's presence.
  • 00:04:35.220 --> 00:04:37.889
  • A group with an agenda,a concerned group.
  • 00:04:37.923 --> 00:04:41.159
  • Concerned by what theysaw happening to the church,
  • 00:04:41.193 --> 00:04:44.062
  • which they believed wasdivinely commissioned
  • 00:04:44.096 --> 00:04:46.598
  • to represent God on earth.
  • 00:04:46.631 --> 00:04:49.034
  • They were led by asharply intelligent man,
  • 00:04:49.067 --> 00:04:51.970
  • a theologian and former soldier.
  • 00:04:52.003 --> 00:04:53.872
  • His name was Ignatius of Loyola.
  • 00:04:53.905 --> 00:04:57.776
  • His words at thatmemorable meeting
  • 00:04:57.809 --> 00:04:59.478
  • have been paraphrased bythe late author Malachi Martin.
  • 00:04:59.511 --> 00:05:02.681
  • He said, "Holy Father,the papacy
  • 00:05:02.714 --> 00:05:06.218
  • and the Roman Catholic Churchare in mortal trouble.
  • 00:05:06.251 --> 00:05:09.488
  • Needed is a modern weapon tofight this totally new warfare.
  • 00:05:09.521 --> 00:05:14.626
  • Give us...a new charter likeno other charter given before...
  • 00:05:14.659 --> 00:05:19.398
  • Make us independentof all local authorities
  • 00:05:19.431 --> 00:05:23.135
  • and directly responsibleto Your Holiness...
  • 00:05:23.168 --> 00:05:27.005
  • We will go anywhereat any time at any cost
  • 00:05:27.038 --> 00:05:31.710
  • to life and comfortin order to do anything."
  • 00:05:31.743 --> 00:05:35.414
  • And so the Society of Jesus cameinto existence: the Jesuits.
  • 00:05:36.415 --> 00:05:40.886
  • It was the first timean organization quite like this
  • 00:05:40.919 --> 00:05:43.455
  • had existed withinthe Roman Catholic Church.
  • 00:05:43.488 --> 00:05:46.324
  • The pope would launcha counter-reformation,
  • 00:05:46.358 --> 00:05:50.429
  • a strategy topress back against
  • 00:05:50.462 --> 00:05:52.431
  • the advancesmade by Protestantism.
  • 00:05:52.464 --> 00:05:55.000
  • The Jesuits would bea significant factor
  • 00:05:55.033 --> 00:05:57.369
  • in aiding the churchto regain lost prestige,
  • 00:05:57.402 --> 00:06:01.840
  • power, and influence.
  • 00:06:01.873 --> 00:06:03.875
  • -Dr. Gerard Damsteegt:The Counter-Reformation was
  • 00:06:03.909 --> 00:06:05.377
  • simply the response of thechurch against what they saw,
  • 00:06:05.410 --> 00:06:10.549
  • an uprising, a kind of a revoltthat should be put out.
  • 00:06:10.582 --> 00:06:15.287
  • What they did isanalyzing the arguments
  • 00:06:15.320 --> 00:06:18.924
  • that were presentedby Luther and others,
  • 00:06:18.957 --> 00:06:21.993
  • and trying to counteract it.
  • 00:06:22.027 --> 00:06:25.030
  • You know, you have to keep inmind the church was one church,
  • 00:06:25.063 --> 00:06:28.900
  • and there is no splitwhatsoever.
  • 00:06:28.934 --> 00:06:32.237
  • And the churchwanted to preserve this,
  • 00:06:32.270 --> 00:06:35.340
  • and they thought thegreatest sin in the world
  • 00:06:35.373 --> 00:06:37.809
  • would be to ruinthe unity of the church.
  • 00:06:37.843 --> 00:06:41.313
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:06:41.346 --> 00:06:46.518
  • -John: When you'relosing market share,
  • 00:06:46.551 --> 00:06:48.587
  • when in a sporting event youhave to come from behind,
  • 00:06:48.620 --> 00:06:52.023
  • when it's the thirdquarter of the Super Bowl,
  • 00:06:52.057 --> 00:06:53.892
  • and you're downby 28 points to 3,
  • 00:06:53.925 --> 00:06:56.161
  • and it looks likeyou're about to lose big,
  • 00:06:56.194 --> 00:06:58.930
  • you mount a comeback effort.
  • 00:06:58.964 --> 00:07:00.732
  • Some comebacks are successful,some not so much.
  • 00:07:00.765 --> 00:07:04.703
  • This would be a comebackof epic proportions.
  • 00:07:04.736 --> 00:07:09.374
  • If Rome was going to fixthe damage caused by Luther
  • 00:07:09.407 --> 00:07:12.777
  • and Wycliffe and Fareland a host of others,
  • 00:07:12.811 --> 00:07:16.314
  • something had to be done.
  • 00:07:16.348 --> 00:07:18.450
  • And it would take someremarkable leadership.
  • 00:07:18.483 --> 00:07:22.220
  • Which brings us toIgnatius of Loyola.
  • 00:07:22.254 --> 00:07:26.424
  • I'll have morein just a moment.
  • 00:07:26.458 --> 00:07:28.660
  • ♪[Break music]♪
  • 00:07:28.693 --> 00:07:33.865
  • -John: I'm John Bradshawfrom It Is Written,
  • 00:07:35.867 --> 00:07:38.136
  • inviting you tojoin me for "500,"
  • 00:07:38.169 --> 00:07:41.640
  • nine programsproduced by It Is Written,
  • 00:07:41.673 --> 00:07:43.942
  • taking you deepinto the Reformation.
  • 00:07:43.975 --> 00:07:47.078
  • This is the 500th anniversary
  • 00:07:47.112 --> 00:07:49.481
  • of the beginningof the Reformation,
  • 00:07:49.514 --> 00:07:51.216
  • when Martin Luther nailedhis Ninety-Five Theses
  • 00:07:51.249 --> 00:07:53.952
  • to the door of the Castle Churchin Wittenberg, Germany.
  • 00:07:53.985 --> 00:07:56.488
  • We'll take you to Wittenberg,
  • 00:07:56.521 --> 00:07:58.123
  • and to Belgium,to England, to Ireland,
  • 00:07:58.156 --> 00:08:01.293
  • to Rome, to the Vatican City,
  • 00:08:01.326 --> 00:08:03.361
  • and introduce you to the peoplewho created the Reformation,
  • 00:08:03.395 --> 00:08:06.398
  • who pushed theReformation forward.
  • 00:08:06.431 --> 00:08:08.366
  • We'll take you to sitesall throughout Europe
  • 00:08:08.400 --> 00:08:10.268
  • where the reformers livedand, in some cases, died.
  • 00:08:10.302 --> 00:08:13.104
  • We'll bring you backto the United States
  • 00:08:13.138 --> 00:08:14.940
  • and take you to a little farmin upstate New York
  • 00:08:14.973 --> 00:08:17.776
  • and show you how Godspread the Reformation here.
  • 00:08:17.809 --> 00:08:20.712
  • Don't miss "500."
  • 00:08:20.745 --> 00:08:22.814
  • You can own the"500" series on DVD.
  • 00:08:22.847 --> 00:08:25.884
  • Call us on888-664-5573,
  • 00:08:25.917 --> 00:08:30.522
  • or visit us online atitiswritten.shop.
  • 00:08:30.555 --> 00:08:35.527
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:08:36.494 --> 00:08:39.397
  • He was born here in Azpeitia,at the Castle of Loyola,
  • 00:08:39.431 --> 00:08:44.336
  • in what's known today as BasqueCountry in northern Spain,
  • 00:08:44.369 --> 00:08:49.040
  • about 30 miles fromthe border with France
  • 00:08:49.074 --> 00:08:51.543
  • and about 60 milesfrom Pamplona,
  • 00:08:51.576 --> 00:08:54.079
  • famous for theRunning of the Bulls.
  • 00:08:54.112 --> 00:08:56.615
  • This basilica,the Santuario de Loyola,
  • 00:08:56.648 --> 00:09:00.352
  • is built on the siteof his birthplace.
  • 00:09:00.385 --> 00:09:03.555
  • He was named Iñigo,the youngest of 13 children.
  • 00:09:03.588 --> 00:09:07.459
  • His mother diedshortly after he was born,
  • 00:09:07.492 --> 00:09:09.995
  • so he was raised by thewife of a local blacksmith.
  • 00:09:10.028 --> 00:09:12.897
  • He took the surname Loyola,
  • 00:09:12.931 --> 00:09:14.899
  • a reference to this placewhere he was born and raised.
  • 00:09:14.933 --> 00:09:17.268
  • At the time,it was just a village.
  • 00:09:17.302 --> 00:09:20.105
  • When he was 17,he joined the military.
  • 00:09:20.138 --> 00:09:23.408
  • He became an expert in dueling.
  • 00:09:23.441 --> 00:09:25.610
  • It's said that when a manchallenged the divinity
  • 00:09:25.644 --> 00:09:28.613
  • of Christ, he challengedthat man to a duel,
  • 00:09:28.647 --> 00:09:31.950
  • and he killedhim with his sword.
  • 00:09:31.983 --> 00:09:34.886
  • When he was 18 years old, he wasemployed by the Duke of Nájera.
  • 00:09:34.919 --> 00:09:37.989
  • He spent 12 yearsworking for the man.
  • 00:09:38.023 --> 00:09:40.492
  • He was involvedin a lot of battles.
  • 00:09:40.525 --> 00:09:42.794
  • But his military careercame to an end in 1521
  • 00:09:42.827 --> 00:09:46.431
  • during the Battle of Pamplona.
  • 00:09:46.464 --> 00:09:48.199
  • He was struck by a cannon ball,seriously injured.
  • 00:09:48.233 --> 00:09:51.469
  • One of his legs was shattered.
  • 00:09:51.503 --> 00:09:53.705
  • It's a wonderhe survived at all.
  • 00:09:53.738 --> 00:09:55.473
  • But he did survive,
  • 00:09:55.507 --> 00:09:57.108
  • and spent the rest ofhis life walking with a limp.
  • 00:09:57.142 --> 00:09:59.944
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:09:59.978 --> 00:10:02.981
  • During his recovery he underwenta spiritual experience,
  • 00:10:03.014 --> 00:10:06.851
  • which led him to devotethe rest of his life
  • 00:10:06.885 --> 00:10:09.821
  • to the service of his faith.
  • 00:10:09.854 --> 00:10:12.057
  • He read about Jesusand about the lives
  • 00:10:12.090 --> 00:10:14.259
  • of the saints of his church,
  • 00:10:14.292 --> 00:10:15.827
  • and was impressed by peoplelike Francis of Assisi.
  • 00:10:15.860 --> 00:10:19.798
  • He spent weeks in prayerand meditation in this cave,
  • 00:10:19.831 --> 00:10:23.935
  • developing whatwould eventually be called
  • 00:10:23.968 --> 00:10:26.738
  • his "Spiritual Exercises."
  • 00:10:26.771 --> 00:10:29.941
  • During this time Iñigoexperienced a number of visions.
  • 00:10:29.974 --> 00:10:34.879
  • According to one writer,they appeared to him as
  • 00:10:34.913 --> 00:10:37.515
  • "a form in the air near himand this form gave him
  • 00:10:37.549 --> 00:10:41.553
  • much consolation because itwas exceedingly beautiful...
  • 00:10:41.586 --> 00:10:44.856
  • it somehow seemed to havethe shape of a serpent
  • 00:10:44.889 --> 00:10:47.826
  • and had many things that shonelike eyes, but were not eyes.
  • 00:10:47.859 --> 00:10:53.364
  • He received muchdelight and consolation
  • 00:10:53.398 --> 00:10:55.934
  • from gazing upon this object...
  • 00:10:55.967 --> 00:10:58.103
  • but when the object vanishedhe became disconsolate."
  • 00:10:58.136 --> 00:11:02.307
  • In order to grow close to God,
  • 00:11:04.776 --> 00:11:06.511
  • he pursued an asceticlife of strict self-denial,
  • 00:11:06.544 --> 00:11:10.749
  • as many monks or priestsdid in those days.
  • 00:11:10.782 --> 00:11:14.319
  • He made a pilgrimage to Israel,
  • 00:11:14.352 --> 00:11:16.087
  • hoping to convert the peoplecontrolling the Holy Land
  • 00:11:16.121 --> 00:11:18.656
  • to Christianity.
  • 00:11:18.690 --> 00:11:19.791
  • The "Spiritual Exercises"he developed set the tone
  • 00:11:19.824 --> 00:11:23.695
  • for the Jesuit order.
  • 00:11:23.728 --> 00:11:25.330
  • The exercises emphasizeddiscernment regarding
  • 00:11:28.166 --> 00:11:31.369
  • the difference between goodand evil in a person's life.
  • 00:11:31.402 --> 00:11:35.240
  • He taught thatthrough discernment
  • 00:11:35.273 --> 00:11:37.675
  • a believer can achievea mystical union with God
  • 00:11:37.709 --> 00:11:41.279
  • and thereforeunderstand God's will.
  • 00:11:41.312 --> 00:11:45.416
  • This trend toward mysticism inthe philosophy of the Jesuits
  • 00:11:45.450 --> 00:11:50.021
  • encouraged a largermovement toward mysticism
  • 00:11:50.054 --> 00:11:53.525
  • during the time ofthe Counter-Reformation.
  • 00:11:53.558 --> 00:11:56.327
  • The challenge, of course,is that with this system
  • 00:11:56.361 --> 00:11:58.630
  • the Bible isn't necessarilyseen as a Christian's
  • 00:11:58.663 --> 00:12:02.300
  • supreme spiritual authority.
  • 00:12:02.333 --> 00:12:04.636
  • But emphasizing the Bible
  • 00:12:04.669 --> 00:12:06.838
  • was what the reformershad been doing,
  • 00:12:06.871 --> 00:12:09.340
  • and that had taken a toll on thechurch's power and authority.
  • 00:12:09.374 --> 00:12:13.945
  • He studied in Barcelonaand then spent seven years
  • 00:12:13.978 --> 00:12:16.915
  • as a universitystudent in Paris.
  • 00:12:16.948 --> 00:12:19.651
  • The Reformation wasin full swing by then,
  • 00:12:19.684 --> 00:12:21.920
  • the effects of theReformation clearly seen
  • 00:12:21.953 --> 00:12:24.255
  • as people all around him,
  • 00:12:24.289 --> 00:12:26.224
  • irrespective oftheir class in society,
  • 00:12:26.257 --> 00:12:28.593
  • were taking sidesin the controversy.
  • 00:12:28.626 --> 00:12:30.929
  • And it was while hewas at that university
  • 00:12:30.962 --> 00:12:34.566
  • that he met the six menwho would join with him
  • 00:12:34.599 --> 00:12:36.968
  • in his life's work,
  • 00:12:37.001 --> 00:12:38.670
  • the work for which theworld remembers him,
  • 00:12:38.703 --> 00:12:41.272
  • work that wouldimpact his church,
  • 00:12:41.306 --> 00:12:43.341
  • Christianity as a whole,and even the world.
  • 00:12:43.374 --> 00:12:47.011
  • On the morning ofAugust the 15th, 1534,
  • 00:12:47.045 --> 00:12:51.082
  • Ignatius Loyolaand his six friends
  • 00:12:51.115 --> 00:12:53.151
  • met together in one of theoldest churches in Paris.
  • 00:12:53.184 --> 00:12:56.821
  • Together they took vows
  • 00:12:56.855 --> 00:12:58.556
  • and formed what would becomeknown as the Society of Jesus.
  • 00:12:58.590 --> 00:13:02.961
  • It was formallyestablished five years later,
  • 00:13:02.994 --> 00:13:05.296
  • and one year after that,
  • 00:13:05.330 --> 00:13:07.031
  • in that memorablemeeting with Pope Paul III,
  • 00:13:07.065 --> 00:13:10.134
  • the highestblessing of the church
  • 00:13:10.168 --> 00:13:12.237
  • was bestowed uponIgnatius and his friends
  • 00:13:12.270 --> 00:13:15.306
  • and their plans to regainground lost by the papacy
  • 00:13:15.340 --> 00:13:18.276
  • and blunt the progressof the Reformation.
  • 00:13:18.309 --> 00:13:21.312
  • ♪[Soft music]♪
  • 00:13:21.346 --> 00:13:26.684
  • He sent his companionsthroughout Europe,
  • 00:13:26.718 --> 00:13:28.887
  • establishing universitiesand colleges and seminaries.
  • 00:13:28.920 --> 00:13:32.490
  • Educate the educators, and youinfluence what's being taught
  • 00:13:32.523 --> 00:13:36.294
  • and what's being thought.
  • 00:13:36.327 --> 00:13:38.796
  • With the help of hispersonal secretary,
  • 00:13:38.830 --> 00:13:40.732
  • he wrote theJesuit Constitution,
  • 00:13:40.765 --> 00:13:43.468
  • based on the principleof absolute self-denial
  • 00:13:43.501 --> 00:13:46.170
  • and completeobedience to the pope.
  • 00:13:46.204 --> 00:13:49.173
  • They adopted the motto"perinde ac cadaver,"
  • 00:13:49.207 --> 00:13:52.610
  • which means"as if a dead body."
  • 00:13:52.644 --> 00:13:55.380
  • Part of the oathtaken by Jesuits says,
  • 00:13:55.413 --> 00:13:57.782
  • "I do furtherpromise and declare,
  • 00:13:57.815 --> 00:14:00.318
  • that I will have noopinion or will of my own,
  • 00:14:00.351 --> 00:14:03.254
  • or any mentalreservation whatever,
  • 00:14:03.288 --> 00:14:05.423
  • even as a corpse or cadaver,
  • 00:14:05.456 --> 00:14:08.593
  • but will unhesitatingly obeyeach and every command
  • 00:14:08.626 --> 00:14:11.763
  • that I may receivefrom my superiors
  • 00:14:11.796 --> 00:14:13.665
  • in the Militia of thePope and of Jesus Christ."
  • 00:14:13.698 --> 00:14:17.735
  • -Dr. Damsteegt: The people whoadopt the "Spiritual Exercises"
  • 00:14:18.870 --> 00:14:22.006
  • were--had a strongfaith in that whatever
  • 00:14:22.040 --> 00:14:25.843
  • they were beingtold is the truth.
  • 00:14:25.877 --> 00:14:28.479
  • If the church would tell me thatthis is white while it is black,
  • 00:14:28.513 --> 00:14:35.086
  • I would accept it.
  • 00:14:35.119 --> 00:14:37.722
  • Very, very simple.
  • 00:14:37.755 --> 00:14:39.257
  • And if the church says this,
  • 00:14:39.290 --> 00:14:42.794
  • even if my sensessays it is incorrect,
  • 00:14:42.827 --> 00:14:46.030
  • because the church says it,I will accept it.
  • 00:14:46.064 --> 00:14:50.535
  • And so it was a total,total mortification of the will.
  • 00:14:50.568 --> 00:14:58.943
  • That was a fantasticsystem of brainwashing--
  • 00:14:58.977 --> 00:15:02.146
  • that you believewithout reservation
  • 00:15:02.180 --> 00:15:04.549
  • that what the churchteaches you should be--
  • 00:15:04.582 --> 00:15:06.584
  • that is the truth andnothing but the truth.
  • 00:15:06.617 --> 00:15:08.987
  • -John: The Jesuits arestill a powerful force
  • 00:15:09.921 --> 00:15:11.589
  • in the Roman Catholic Church,
  • 00:15:11.622 --> 00:15:13.424
  • and scores of colleges anduniversities around the world
  • 00:15:13.458 --> 00:15:16.394
  • are under their guidance.
  • 00:15:16.427 --> 00:15:18.463
  • In 2013, Pope Francisbecame the first Jesuit
  • 00:15:18.496 --> 00:15:23.034
  • to be elected to hischurch's highest office.
  • 00:15:23.067 --> 00:15:25.837
  • The Jesuits werethe foot soldiers
  • 00:15:25.870 --> 00:15:28.172
  • of the Counter-Reformation.
  • 00:15:28.206 --> 00:15:30.108
  • But the papal churchwas also taking other steps
  • 00:15:30.141 --> 00:15:33.378
  • to restore its power.
  • 00:15:33.411 --> 00:15:34.879
  • There was much moreto the Counter-Reformation.
  • 00:15:34.912 --> 00:15:37.648
  • At the Council of Trent,held between 1545 and 1563,
  • 00:15:37.682 --> 00:15:43.621
  • strategies were devisedto help the church address
  • 00:15:43.654 --> 00:15:46.891
  • the challenges presentedby the Protestant Reformation.
  • 00:15:46.924 --> 00:15:50.495
  • Now, any talk of compromise withProtestantism was ruled out.
  • 00:15:50.528 --> 00:15:55.066
  • But the council did acknowledgethat certain abuses had occurred
  • 00:15:55.099 --> 00:15:58.536
  • at some levels underthe auspices of the church.
  • 00:15:58.569 --> 00:16:01.973
  • So there were some changes made.
  • 00:16:02.006 --> 00:16:04.042
  • For example, certainmeasures were introduced
  • 00:16:04.075 --> 00:16:06.711
  • to govern more closelythe sale of indulgences.
  • 00:16:06.744 --> 00:16:10.248
  • But the veto powerof church tradition
  • 00:16:10.281 --> 00:16:12.583
  • above the Bible was maintained,
  • 00:16:12.617 --> 00:16:15.019
  • as was the role of sacramentsand other rituals in obtaining
  • 00:16:15.053 --> 00:16:18.389
  • salvation and divine grace.
  • 00:16:18.423 --> 00:16:20.858
  • The apocryphal books--bookssuch as Wisdom, Judith, Tobit,
  • 00:16:20.892 --> 00:16:24.495
  • those two extra chapters said tobe part of the book of Daniel--
  • 00:16:24.529 --> 00:16:27.932
  • they were grantedthe same status
  • 00:16:27.965 --> 00:16:30.468
  • as Scripture by the council.
  • 00:16:30.501 --> 00:16:32.637
  • The council reaffirmed theveneration of relics and images,
  • 00:16:32.670 --> 00:16:37.141
  • as well as theveneration of saints.
  • 00:16:37.175 --> 00:16:39.911
  • And the Council of Trentwas responsible
  • 00:16:39.944 --> 00:16:42.046
  • for some very interestingtheological developments,
  • 00:16:42.080 --> 00:16:45.817
  • developments which todayhave largely been lost sight of,
  • 00:16:45.850 --> 00:16:48.953
  • but developments which haveimpacted Christianity
  • 00:16:48.986 --> 00:16:52.290
  • in an enormous way.
  • 00:16:52.323 --> 00:16:54.025
  • I'll tell you morein just a moment.
  • 00:16:54.058 --> 00:16:55.293
  • ♪[Break music]♪
  • 00:16:55.326 --> 00:17:00.998
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:17:02.967 --> 00:17:04.702
  • -Announcer: In Matthew 4:4,the Word of God says,
  • 00:17:04.735 --> 00:17:07.238
  • "It is written, 'Man shallnot live by bread alone,
  • 00:17:07.271 --> 00:17:10.374
  • but by every word that proceedsfrom the mouth of God.'"
  • 00:17:10.408 --> 00:17:14.112
  • "Every Word" is a one-minuteBible-based daily devotional
  • 00:17:14.145 --> 00:17:17.448
  • presented byPastor John Bradshaw,
  • 00:17:17.482 --> 00:17:19.283
  • and designed especiallyfor busy people like you.
  • 00:17:19.317 --> 00:17:22.386
  • Look for "Every Word"on selected networks
  • 00:17:22.420 --> 00:17:25.456
  • or watch it onlineevery day on our website:
  • 00:17:25.490 --> 00:17:27.625
  • itiswritten.com.
  • 00:17:27.658 --> 00:17:29.794
  • Receive a daily spiritual boost.Watch "Every Word."
  • 00:17:29.827 --> 00:17:33.364
  • You'll be glad you did.
  • 00:17:33.397 --> 00:17:34.899
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:17:34.932 --> 00:17:36.934
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:17:38.803 --> 00:17:44.675
  • -John Bradshaw: Thanks forjoining me on It Is Written.
  • 00:17:44.709 --> 00:17:47.612
  • As Protestants appealed to theBible during the Reformation,
  • 00:17:47.645 --> 00:17:51.516
  • the authority of the rulingchurch was undermined.
  • 00:17:51.549 --> 00:17:54.685
  • Numerous figures claimedthat the prophecies
  • 00:17:54.719 --> 00:17:57.588
  • of Daniel and Revelationand the writings of Paul
  • 00:17:57.622 --> 00:18:00.992
  • pointed out that the papacy
  • 00:18:01.025 --> 00:18:02.760
  • was the antichristof Bible prophecy.
  • 00:18:02.793 --> 00:18:06.197
  • So during the Council of Trent,
  • 00:18:06.230 --> 00:18:08.065
  • the pope commissioned theJesuits and the others present
  • 00:18:08.099 --> 00:18:11.769
  • to go to Scripture andfind an interpretation
  • 00:18:11.802 --> 00:18:15.039
  • of those passagesthat would claim otherwise.
  • 00:18:15.072 --> 00:18:18.776
  • In the decades that followedthe Council of Trent,
  • 00:18:18.809 --> 00:18:21.212
  • Jesuit theologianFrancisco Ribera claimed
  • 00:18:21.245 --> 00:18:24.549
  • that the papacy couldn'tpossibly be the antichrist
  • 00:18:24.582 --> 00:18:27.518
  • because the antichristwould be a single figure
  • 00:18:27.552 --> 00:18:29.787
  • that would ariseat the end of time.
  • 00:18:29.820 --> 00:18:32.356
  • Twentieth-century Protestanttheologian George Eldon Ladd
  • 00:18:32.390 --> 00:18:35.793
  • commented on Ribera's work,saying this:
  • 00:18:35.826 --> 00:18:38.963
  • "In 1590 Ribera published acommentary on the Revelation
  • 00:18:38.996 --> 00:18:43.935
  • as a counter-interpretationto the prevailing view
  • 00:18:43.968 --> 00:18:46.737
  • among Protestants whichidentified the Papacy
  • 00:18:46.771 --> 00:18:49.774
  • with the Antichrist.
  • 00:18:49.807 --> 00:18:51.642
  • Ribera applied all of Revelationbut the earliest chapters
  • 00:18:51.676 --> 00:18:55.413
  • to the end time rather thanto the history of the church.
  • 00:18:55.446 --> 00:18:59.317
  • Antichrist, he taught,would be a single evil person
  • 00:18:59.350 --> 00:19:03.387
  • who would bereceived by the Jews
  • 00:19:03.421 --> 00:19:05.690
  • and who wouldrebuild Jerusalem."
  • 00:19:05.723 --> 00:19:08.226
  • Another brilliantJesuit scholar,
  • 00:19:08.893 --> 00:19:10.795
  • Cardinal RobertBellarmine of Rome,
  • 00:19:10.828 --> 00:19:13.097
  • now St. Robert Bellarmine,
  • 00:19:13.130 --> 00:19:15.199
  • assisted Ribera in developingthis new theology.
  • 00:19:15.233 --> 00:19:18.936
  • Another 20th-centurytheologian
  • 00:19:18.970 --> 00:19:20.671
  • had this to sayabout Bellarmine:
  • 00:19:20.705 --> 00:19:23.441
  • "The futurist teachingsof Ribera were further
  • 00:19:23.474 --> 00:19:26.210
  • popularized byan Italian cardinal
  • 00:19:26.244 --> 00:19:28.846
  • and the most renownedof all Jesuit controversialists.
  • 00:19:28.879 --> 00:19:33.117
  • His writings claimedthat Paul, Daniel, and John
  • 00:19:33.150 --> 00:19:36.787
  • had nothing whatsoeverto say about the Papal power.
  • 00:19:36.821 --> 00:19:41.225
  • The futurists' schoolwon general acceptance
  • 00:19:41.259 --> 00:19:44.462
  • among Catholics.
  • 00:19:44.495 --> 00:19:46.564
  • They were taught that antichristwas a single individual
  • 00:19:46.597 --> 00:19:50.268
  • who would not ruleuntil the very end of time."
  • 00:19:50.301 --> 00:19:54.338
  • -Dr. Damsteegt: The goalwas to eliminate any shadow
  • 00:19:54.372 --> 00:19:57.008
  • of a doubt that the pope hasanything to do with prophecy.
  • 00:19:57.041 --> 00:20:01.979
  • And so they projected thelittle horn into the future.
  • 00:20:02.013 --> 00:20:06.417
  • As a result, they said,"We haven't yet seen it.
  • 00:20:06.450 --> 00:20:11.889
  • It has not been here.
  • 00:20:11.922 --> 00:20:13.524
  • It will come one day.
  • 00:20:13.557 --> 00:20:15.493
  • And so we have stillto look in the future
  • 00:20:15.526 --> 00:20:18.029
  • before we see the antichrist."
  • 00:20:18.062 --> 00:20:19.530
  • And still today mostCatholics look in the future
  • 00:20:19.563 --> 00:20:24.001
  • and wait until theappearance of this.
  • 00:20:24.035 --> 00:20:27.204
  • -John: Futurism was slowto catch on.
  • 00:20:27.238 --> 00:20:30.141
  • But the intention was that theideas promoted by futurism
  • 00:20:30.174 --> 00:20:33.878
  • would eventually betaught by Protestants.
  • 00:20:33.911 --> 00:20:37.948
  • In the early 1800s,
  • 00:20:37.982 --> 00:20:39.717
  • a British preacherby the name of John Darby,
  • 00:20:39.750 --> 00:20:42.486
  • a man who stood stronglyfor the veracity of Scripture
  • 00:20:42.520 --> 00:20:45.389
  • in face of growingtheological liberalism,
  • 00:20:45.423 --> 00:20:48.893
  • took hold of the idea ofa future one-man antichrist.
  • 00:20:48.926 --> 00:20:52.997
  • In the United States,
  • 00:20:53.030 --> 00:20:54.498
  • a Kansas City attorneynamed Cyrus Scofield
  • 00:20:54.532 --> 00:20:57.401
  • published a version ofthe Bible popular enough
  • 00:20:57.435 --> 00:21:00.338
  • to sell millions of copies.
  • 00:21:00.371 --> 00:21:01.972
  • And in that Biblehe included study notes
  • 00:21:02.006 --> 00:21:04.675
  • based on the writingsof Darby and the Jesuits,
  • 00:21:04.709 --> 00:21:08.179
  • Ribera and Bellarmine,
  • 00:21:08.212 --> 00:21:10.348
  • study notes that pointed toa future one-man antichrist.
  • 00:21:10.381 --> 00:21:16.020
  • A British theologiancommented on that, saying this:
  • 00:21:16.053 --> 00:21:19.223
  • "It is a matter of deep regretthat those who hold and advocate
  • 00:21:19.256 --> 00:21:24.195
  • the futurist systemat the present day,
  • 00:21:24.228 --> 00:21:26.697
  • Protestants as theyare for the most part,
  • 00:21:26.731 --> 00:21:28.866
  • are thus really playinginto the hands of Rome,
  • 00:21:28.899 --> 00:21:32.636
  • and helping to screen the Papacy
  • 00:21:32.670 --> 00:21:34.538
  • from detectionas the Antichrist."
  • 00:21:34.572 --> 00:21:37.041
  • Another Jesuit scholaroriginated the school
  • 00:21:37.074 --> 00:21:40.344
  • of prophetic interpretationknown as preterism.
  • 00:21:40.378 --> 00:21:44.048
  • PRE-terism teaches that allof the apocalyptic prophecies
  • 00:21:44.081 --> 00:21:47.351
  • of the Bible have beenfulfilled already, previously,
  • 00:21:47.385 --> 00:21:51.222
  • which would mean, then,that there can't possibly be
  • 00:21:51.255 --> 00:21:53.924
  • an end-time antichrist.
  • 00:21:53.958 --> 00:21:55.860
  • And if that's the case,
  • 00:21:55.893 --> 00:21:57.161
  • then whoever antichrist iscouldn't possibly be the papacy.
  • 00:21:57.194 --> 00:22:01.332
  • Now, the reformerswere convinced.
  • 00:22:01.365 --> 00:22:04.168
  • But years later, their viewshave been undermined
  • 00:22:04.201 --> 00:22:07.004
  • by interpretations ofprophecy that sprang directly
  • 00:22:07.037 --> 00:22:11.175
  • from the Counter-Reformation.
  • 00:22:11.208 --> 00:22:13.611
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:22:13.644 --> 00:22:15.513
  • So the workof Ignatius of Loyola
  • 00:22:15.546 --> 00:22:17.448
  • and the Counter-Reformation hasbeen profoundly influential.
  • 00:22:17.481 --> 00:22:21.385
  • Five hundred years agoreformers like Martin Luther,
  • 00:22:21.419 --> 00:22:24.255
  • Ulrich Zwingli, John Calvin,and John Knox were engaged
  • 00:22:24.288 --> 00:22:28.492
  • in a resistance movementagainst a powerful church
  • 00:22:28.526 --> 00:22:31.595
  • with enormouspolitical influence.
  • 00:22:31.629 --> 00:22:34.198
  • They rebutted teachingsthey saw as unbiblical
  • 00:22:34.231 --> 00:22:37.401
  • and believed that theywere doing the work of God
  • 00:22:37.435 --> 00:22:39.770
  • in bringing the light of theBible into the lives of people.
  • 00:22:39.804 --> 00:22:43.841
  • That's why there was such anemphasis on the part of people
  • 00:22:43.874 --> 00:22:46.343
  • such as William Tyndaleand Martin Luther
  • 00:22:46.377 --> 00:22:49.113
  • to translate the Bible.
  • 00:22:49.146 --> 00:22:51.048
  • They saw it as vitalto get the Word of God
  • 00:22:51.081 --> 00:22:53.551
  • into people's hands anddrive back the darkness
  • 00:22:53.584 --> 00:22:56.687
  • that had floodedinto Christianity
  • 00:22:56.720 --> 00:22:58.923
  • under the watch of a churchthat had compromised.
  • 00:22:58.956 --> 00:23:02.493
  • The reformerschampioned the teaching
  • 00:23:02.526 --> 00:23:04.662
  • of justification by grace alone,
  • 00:23:04.695 --> 00:23:07.398
  • through faith alone,in Christ alone.
  • 00:23:07.431 --> 00:23:10.568
  • But the churchmade itself essential
  • 00:23:10.601 --> 00:23:13.003
  • in the plan of salvation,
  • 00:23:13.037 --> 00:23:14.772
  • declaring that thesacraments were channels
  • 00:23:14.805 --> 00:23:17.942
  • of the grace of God.
  • 00:23:17.975 --> 00:23:19.710
  • That idea wasunbiblical in Jesus' day,
  • 00:23:19.743 --> 00:23:22.313
  • unbiblical inthe reformers' day,
  • 00:23:22.346 --> 00:23:24.748
  • and it's unbiblical today.
  • 00:23:24.782 --> 00:23:26.750
  • The idea that human beingsshould confess their sins
  • 00:23:26.784 --> 00:23:29.620
  • to another human beingand receive forgiveness
  • 00:23:29.653 --> 00:23:31.889
  • from that human being,
  • 00:23:31.922 --> 00:23:32.923
  • or even from Godthrough that human being,
  • 00:23:32.957 --> 00:23:36.393
  • is the sort of ideathat the reformers
  • 00:23:36.427 --> 00:23:37.862
  • fought against strenuously,
  • 00:23:37.895 --> 00:23:39.897
  • and something that the Counter-Reformation fought to defend.
  • 00:23:39.930 --> 00:23:43.501
  • Martin Luther, whilehe was still a priest,
  • 00:23:44.368 --> 00:23:46.871
  • was scandalized by the waythe church sold indulgences.
  • 00:23:46.904 --> 00:23:51.375
  • Essentially, pardon forsin was bought and sold.
  • 00:23:51.408 --> 00:23:57.214
  • Sacramentalism wasdenounced as being unbiblical.
  • 00:23:57.248 --> 00:24:00.284
  • The same fortransubstantiation
  • 00:24:00.317 --> 00:24:02.486
  • and celibacyand the papacy itself.
  • 00:24:02.520 --> 00:24:05.823
  • The abuses carried outby church leaders
  • 00:24:05.856 --> 00:24:07.625
  • couldn't betolerated any longer,
  • 00:24:07.658 --> 00:24:09.894
  • and the reformersstood up to say so,
  • 00:24:09.927 --> 00:24:12.696
  • often paying with their lives.
  • 00:24:12.730 --> 00:24:15.633
  • So two things are clear.
  • 00:24:15.666 --> 00:24:17.067
  • Number one: The Reformationbrought about a lot
  • 00:24:17.101 --> 00:24:19.570
  • of much-needed change.
  • 00:24:19.603 --> 00:24:21.639
  • And number two:500 years later,
  • 00:24:21.672 --> 00:24:24.608
  • it could be said that theReformation didn't change much.
  • 00:24:24.642 --> 00:24:29.947
  • And that raisesa lot of questions.
  • 00:24:29.980 --> 00:24:33.317
  • ♪[Break music]♪
  • 00:24:33.350 --> 00:24:38.622
  • -John: What is"the mark of the beast"?
  • 00:24:40.891 --> 00:24:43.961
  • One of the most serious warningmessages in all of the Bible
  • 00:24:43.994 --> 00:24:46.697
  • centers aroundthe mark of the beast.
  • 00:24:46.730 --> 00:24:48.465
  • And you can understandwhat it is from the Bible.
  • 00:24:48.499 --> 00:24:52.570
  • I'd like to sendyou today's free offer.
  • 00:24:52.603 --> 00:24:54.538
  • It's called"The Mark of the Beast."
  • 00:24:54.572 --> 00:24:56.407
  • Call us on800-253-3000,
  • 00:24:56.440 --> 00:24:59.577
  • or visit us online atitiswritten.com.
  • 00:24:59.610 --> 00:25:03.347
  • Or you can write to theaddress on your screen.
  • 00:25:03.380 --> 00:25:05.883
  • I'd like you toreceive our free offer,
  • 00:25:05.916 --> 00:25:08.118
  • "The Mark of the Beast."
  • 00:25:08.152 --> 00:25:10.754
  • Thank you for rememberingthat It Is Written
  • 00:25:10.788 --> 00:25:12.957
  • exists due to the gracioussupport of people like you.
  • 00:25:12.990 --> 00:25:16.927
  • It's your support that enablesIt Is Written to share Jesus
  • 00:25:16.961 --> 00:25:19.797
  • and the great hope ofthe Bible with the world.
  • 00:25:19.830 --> 00:25:23.167
  • You can send yourtax-deductible gift
  • 00:25:23.200 --> 00:25:25.002
  • to the addresson your screen,
  • 00:25:25.035 --> 00:25:26.971
  • or you can support It Is Writtenthrough our website:
  • 00:25:27.004 --> 00:25:29.440
  • itiswritten.com.
  • 00:25:29.473 --> 00:25:32.109
  • Thanks for yourgenerous support.
  • 00:25:32.142 --> 00:25:33.577
  • Our number is800-253-3000,
  • 00:25:33.611 --> 00:25:36.981
  • and our web address isitiswritten.com.
  • 00:25:37.014 --> 00:25:40.451
  • -John Bradshaw:Let's pray together.
  • 00:25:41.885 --> 00:25:43.821
  • Our Father in heaven,
  • 00:25:43.854 --> 00:25:45.656
  • how thankfulwe are for Jesus,
  • 00:25:45.689 --> 00:25:47.625
  • for grace,
  • 00:25:47.658 --> 00:25:49.326
  • for Your prophetic Word.
  • 00:25:49.360 --> 00:25:51.362
  • How thankful we are for truth,
  • 00:25:51.395 --> 00:25:53.931
  • that You are a God of love
  • 00:25:53.964 --> 00:25:55.199
  • and Your Spirit hasbeen sent to guide us.
  • 00:25:55.232 --> 00:25:57.368
  • Lord, what are we?
  • 00:25:57.401 --> 00:25:59.203
  • Human beings weakened by sin,
  • 00:25:59.236 --> 00:26:01.271
  • weak through our own failureto surrender our lives to You.
  • 00:26:01.305 --> 00:26:05.175
  • Lord, as the God of our lives,let Jesus be our present Savior.
  • 00:26:05.209 --> 00:26:09.680
  • Fill us with Your Holy Spirit.Guide us in Your way.
  • 00:26:09.713 --> 00:26:13.517
  • And grant that we mayrecapture the vision
  • 00:26:13.550 --> 00:26:16.153
  • the Protestants of old hadof faithfulness to Your Word
  • 00:26:16.186 --> 00:26:21.091
  • and oneness with You.
  • 00:26:21.125 --> 00:26:23.761
  • We thank You, and wepray in Jesus' name.
  • 00:26:23.794 --> 00:26:27.531
  • Amen.
  • 00:26:27.564 --> 00:26:29.166
  • Thanks so muchfor joining me.
  • 00:26:29.199 --> 00:26:30.668
  • I look forward to seeingyou again next time.
  • 00:26:30.701 --> 00:26:32.803
  • Until then, remember:
  • 00:26:32.836 --> 00:26:34.738
  • "It is written, 'Man shallnot live by bread alone,
  • 00:26:34.772 --> 00:26:39.076
  • but by every word that proceedsfrom the mouth of God.'"
  • 00:26:39.109 --> 00:26:43.080
  • ♪[Theme music]♪
  • 00:26:43.113 --> 00:27:30.000

Video Keywords