A Lamp Unto My Feet | TBN

A Lamp Unto My Feet

Watch A Lamp Unto My Feet
May 3, 2020
27:26

It Is Written seeks to impact lives for Christ.

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A Lamp Unto My Feet

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  • ♪[Theme music]♪
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  • -John Bradshaw:This is It Is Written.
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  • I'm John Bradshaw.
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  • Thanks for joining me.
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  • In rural Englandthere stands a monument
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  • to one of the great heroesof the Reformation.
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  • While he grew up a long wayfrom the center of attention,
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  • he's remembered asone of the giants of history.
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  • While othersformulated doctrine,
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  • while others werepreaching and teaching,
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  • this man poured himselfinto translating and printing.
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  • His legacy is the Bible.
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  • The Bible--one volume,two divisions,
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  • the Old and the New Testaments.
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  • It's made up of66 individual books.
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  • Some of them are very short:2 John has just 13 verses;
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  • 3 John has one moreverse, but fewer words;
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  • the book of Jude,only 25 verses.
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  • Some books of theBible are very long.
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  • The book of Psalmshas 150 chapters
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  • including the Bible'slongest chapter, Psalm 119.
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  • There are 1.189 chaptersin the Bible,
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  • more than three-quartersof a million words.
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  • It was written by shepherds,farmers, merchants,
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  • scholars,statesmen, and kings,
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  • the majority of whomhad never met each other.
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  • And the Bible says some prettyremarkable things about itself.
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  • First Peter 1:23 saysthat people are "born again...
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  • through the word of Godwhich lives and abides forever."
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  • The early Christians testedthe teachings of the apostles
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  • by the Old Testament.
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  • Jesus called God's Wordthe truth in John 17:17.
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  • Psalm 119, verse 9 says,
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  • "How can a youngman cleanse his way?
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  • By taking heedaccording to Your word."
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  • Same chapter, verse 130:
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  • "The entrance ofYour words gives light;
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  • it gives understandingto the simple."
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  • And David said on the 105thverse of the same psalm,
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  • "Thy word is a lampunto my feet,
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  • and a light unto my path."
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  • So if this is true,that the Bible is the truth,
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  • that it cleanses,
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  • that people areborn again by it,
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  • that it's a lamp and a light--
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  • if that's true, then imaginea world with no Bible.
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  • It's not that hard to imagine.
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  • Back in Jesus' day, thescriptures--and remember,
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  • in Christ's day they only hadthe Old Testament scriptures--
  • 00:03:03.565 --> 00:03:06.735
  • well, back then the scripturesformed the framework
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  • or the basis for society.
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  • The Word of Godwas widely taught,
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  • and people had agood working knowledge
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  • of what we today wouldrecognize as the first 39 books
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  • of the Bible--the Old Testament.
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  • But several hundred years
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  • after the foundingof the Christian church
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  • by people such as Peterand James and John,
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  • non-biblicaltraditions and teachings
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  • started to seepinto Christianity.
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  • Some of the plainest teachingsof the Bible were ignored.
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  • If the entrance ofGod's Word gives light,
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  • then the obscuring of God's Word
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  • led to a period of some realspiritual darkness.
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  • How did it happen?
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  • In the 4th century AD, theRoman emperor Constantine,
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  • "Constantine the Great"he became known as,
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  • converted to Christianity.
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  • It was a nominal conversion,
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  • and Constantine neverreally abandoned paganism.
  • 00:04:06.194 --> 00:04:10.198
  • As a result, a numberof pagan practices
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  • became establishedwithin the Christian faith.
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  • For example,the early Christians
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  • practiced baptism by immersion,
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  • but over time, infant baptismfound its way into the church.
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  • The venerating of relicswas certainly not practiced
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  • by the early Christians,but that too found its way
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  • into Christianity shortly afterConstantine was baptized.
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  • The early Christians did notconfess their sins to a priest,
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  • but that found its way intochurch practice, as well.
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  • Now, there were some Christianswho clung to the Bible
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  • as their rule offaith and practice,
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  • but over time the churchbegan to drift more and more
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  • away from the Word of God.
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  • Now, come downto the 16th century--
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  • by this time, the rulingchurch had been in power
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  • for more than a thousand years,
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  • and many non-biblical practiceshad become deeply entrenched.
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  • Worse than that,the Bible itself had become
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  • virtually inaccessible to thevast majority of the people.
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  • In many places,the Bible was banned.
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  • People were forbiddento read it or to possess it.
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  • Here in England in Coventry,
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  • a dozen people becameknown as the Coventry Martyrs
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  • after they lost their lives;
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  • they were executed becauseit was known that they disagreed
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  • with some of the practicesof the established church.
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  • One of them was a woman, who wasfound to have in her possession
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  • a handwritten copyof the Lord's Prayer,
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  • the Ten Commandments,and the Apostles' Creed.
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  • She was burnedat the stake for that.
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  • There are hundreds of storiesjust like it, thousands even.
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  • After centuries ofdrifting from the Bible,
  • 00:05:57.839 --> 00:06:01.109
  • the Word of God wasout of the reach of the people.
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  • The darkness thatexisted was almost palpable,
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  • but here in England,heroes stood tall,
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  • who would cause the lightof the Bible to shine again.
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  • John Wycliffe, whowas born in around 1328,
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  • became known as "the MorningStar of the Reformation."
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  • In the 14th century, the peasantclass were essentially slaves,
  • 00:06:27.769 --> 00:06:31.573
  • and the influence of theruling church was enormous.
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  • The Catholic Church essentiallycontrolled the country,
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  • and by later inthe 14th century,
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  • the pope was receivingfive times as much gold
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  • from the governmentof England as was the king.
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  • And when it came tothe teaching of God's Word,
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  • the people were livingin superstition and fear,
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  • as priests, as well astraveling monks and friars,
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  • kept the peoplein spiritual darkness.
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  • It was a commonpractice for the monks
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  • to sell forgiveness of sin.
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  • They would live in luxury,
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  • fleecing the flockinstead of feeding the flock.
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  • The people were keptin darkness by monks
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  • who were barely less ignorant ofthe Scriptures than they were.
  • 00:07:12.680 --> 00:07:16.484
  • In 1365, Pope Urban V demandedthat England submit entirely
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  • to the authorityof the church of Rome,
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  • which would have been anadmission on England's part
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  • that the pope was thelegitimate sovereign of England.
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  • As he lay on what peoplethought was his death bed,
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  • the monks urged Wycliffeto recant the things
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  • that he had said in oppositionto them and the church,
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  • but instead Wycliffepropped himself up and said,
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  • "I will not die,
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  • but live and declarethe evil deeds of the friars."
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  • What Wycliffe went on to dowas to translate the Bible
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  • into the Englishlanguage of the day.
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  • At Wycliffe's third trial,
  • 00:07:58.192 --> 00:08:00.595
  • he met his accuserswith these words:
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  • "With whom, think you,are you contending?
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  • With an old manon the brink of the grave?
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  • No! With truth! Truthwhich is stronger than you,
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  • and will overcome you."
  • 00:08:13.508 --> 00:08:15.810
  • Wycliffe was hatedby the church.
  • 00:08:15.843 --> 00:08:17.745
  • After his death,his books were burned,
  • 00:08:17.779 --> 00:08:21.583
  • and even his bodywas exhumed and burned,
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  • and his ashes were cast into theRiver Swift near Lutterworth.
  • 00:08:24.385 --> 00:08:27.589
  • His followers were persecuted,
  • 00:08:27.622 --> 00:08:30.124
  • and it was enshrined in lawthat to translate the Bible
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  • into English without a licensewas a punishable crime.
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  • A hundred and ten yearsafter Wycliffe's death,
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  • another man came on the scene,
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  • another Bible translator.
  • 00:08:43.371 --> 00:08:46.174
  • When William Tyndalewas born in 1494,
  • 00:08:46.207 --> 00:08:49.010
  • superstition controlledpeople's lives,
  • 00:08:49.043 --> 00:08:51.512
  • kings could sentence peopleto death for petty reasons,
  • 00:08:51.546 --> 00:08:55.016
  • popes could issue decreesthat had no basis in Scripture,
  • 00:08:55.049 --> 00:08:59.387
  • and yet people accepted that asthe will of God for their lives.
  • 00:08:59.420 --> 00:09:02.657
  • Without the Bible,they couldn't know
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  • whether the churchwas right or wrong.
  • 00:09:04.025 --> 00:09:07.562
  • As Hosea 4, verse 6 says,
  • 00:09:07.595 --> 00:09:09.998
  • "My people are destroyedfor lack of knowledge."
  • 00:09:10.031 --> 00:09:13.701
  • By the timeWilliam Tyndale was born,
  • 00:09:13.735 --> 00:09:15.536
  • John Wycliffe's translationof the Bible was out-of-date
  • 00:09:15.570 --> 00:09:18.373
  • because the English languagehad changed substantially.
  • 00:09:18.406 --> 00:09:22.577
  • Wycliffe and his followershad been known as "Bible men."
  • 00:09:22.610 --> 00:09:26.648
  • One-hundred-plus years later,another Bible man was needed.
  • 00:09:26.681 --> 00:09:32.787
  • Back with more in a moment.
  • 00:09:32.820 --> 00:09:34.856
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:09:34.889 --> 00:09:41.796
  • Now here's a question for you:
  • 00:09:41.829 --> 00:09:43.031
  • Can God be trusted?
  • 00:09:43.064 --> 00:09:45.366
  • And I have the answer for you.
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  • "Can God Be Trusted?"
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  • That's our offer today;it's absolutely free to you.
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  • Can God be trusted andcan the Bible be trusted?
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  • Call us on800-253-3000
  • 00:09:55.276 --> 00:09:58.413
  • or visit us online atwww.itiswritten.com,
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  • or you can write to theaddress on your screen.
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  • I'd like you toreceive our free offer,
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  • "Can God Be Trusted?"
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  • ♪[Music]♪
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  • -Announcer: Planningfor your financial future
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  • is a vital aspect ofChristian stewardship.
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  • Call800-992-2219.
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  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:10:41.189 --> 00:10:49.397
  • -John Bradhsaw: Thanksfor joining me today
  • 00:10:49.430 --> 00:10:50.798
  • on It Is Written.
  • 00:10:50.832 --> 00:10:52.600
  • William Tyndale was bornin Gloucestershire, England,
  • 00:10:52.633 --> 00:10:55.069
  • in around the year 1494.
  • 00:10:55.103 --> 00:10:57.538
  • His family moved hereduring the Wars of the Roses,
  • 00:10:57.572 --> 00:11:00.575
  • a series of wars for controlof the English throne
  • 00:11:00.608 --> 00:11:03.244
  • between the house of Yorkand the house of Lancaster.
  • 00:11:03.277 --> 00:11:06.681
  • Tyndale was educated atHartford College in Oxford
  • 00:11:06.714 --> 00:11:10.518
  • and earned a master'sdegree in theology in 1515.
  • 00:11:10.551 --> 00:11:15.022
  • He was fluentin eight languages,
  • 00:11:15.056 --> 00:11:17.892
  • including Hebrew and Greek,
  • 00:11:17.925 --> 00:11:20.862
  • the languages in which theBible was originally written.
  • 00:11:20.895 --> 00:11:24.899
  • In 1521, he moved here to thelittle village of little Sudbury
  • 00:11:24.932 --> 00:11:30.071
  • where he became the chaplainin the home of Sir John Walsh.
  • 00:11:30.104 --> 00:11:33.975
  • In fact, this church is builtfrom the actual stones
  • 00:11:34.008 --> 00:11:38.346
  • and according tothe plan of the church
  • 00:11:38.379 --> 00:11:40.648
  • Tyndale ministeredin when he lived right here.
  • 00:11:40.681 --> 00:11:44.418
  • He had a deeprespect for the Bible,
  • 00:11:44.452 --> 00:11:46.320
  • much like thatwhich Martin Luther had.
  • 00:11:46.354 --> 00:11:49.023
  • And it wasn't long and thatrespect for the Word of God
  • 00:11:49.056 --> 00:11:52.460
  • got Tyndale in a lot of trouble.
  • 00:11:52.493 --> 00:11:56.397
  • John Foxe, the author of thefamous "Foxe's Book of Martyrs,"
  • 00:11:56.430 --> 00:12:00.935
  • reported on a conversationWilliam Tyndale had.
  • 00:12:00.968 --> 00:12:04.472
  • Someone said to him,
  • 00:12:04.505 --> 00:12:05.840
  • "We had better be withoutGod's laws than the pope's."
  • 00:12:05.873 --> 00:12:09.644
  • Tyndale replied,
  • 00:12:09.677 --> 00:12:10.511
  • “I defy the popeand all his laws;
  • 00:12:10.545 --> 00:12:14.081
  • and if God spares my life,
  • 00:12:14.115 --> 00:12:15.750
  • ere many years, I will causethe boy that driveth the plow
  • 00:12:15.783 --> 00:12:19.921
  • to know more of theScriptures than thou dost.”
  • 00:12:19.954 --> 00:12:23.624
  • It was here in little Sudburythat William Tyndale
  • 00:12:23.658 --> 00:12:27.228
  • felt the call to translatethe Bible into English.
  • 00:12:27.261 --> 00:12:30.431
  • So he left here thefollowing year for London
  • 00:12:30.464 --> 00:12:33.100
  • to get the support he needed.
  • 00:12:33.134 --> 00:12:35.169
  • He was looking for theblessing of a certain bishop,
  • 00:12:35.203 --> 00:12:38.005
  • a man who had praised the workof the Dutch theologian Erasmus
  • 00:12:38.039 --> 00:12:41.375
  • when Erasmus translatedthe New Testament.
  • 00:12:41.409 --> 00:12:44.512
  • But Tyndale didn't getthe support he needed.
  • 00:12:44.545 --> 00:12:47.481
  • Convinced the people ofEngland needed the Bible
  • 00:12:49.550 --> 00:12:52.320
  • in their own language,
  • 00:12:52.353 --> 00:12:54.121
  • Tyndale left Englandin 1524 for Europe,
  • 00:12:54.155 --> 00:12:57.658
  • and made his way to Wittenberg,where Martin Luther was living.
  • 00:12:57.692 --> 00:13:02.697
  • Luther had translatedthe New Testament into German
  • 00:13:02.730 --> 00:13:05.466
  • a couple of years before.
  • 00:13:05.499 --> 00:13:07.835
  • And now Tyndale set aboutworking on a translation
  • 00:13:07.869 --> 00:13:10.638
  • of the Bible that would impactChristianity in Great Britain
  • 00:13:10.671 --> 00:13:15.710
  • and around the world.
  • 00:13:15.743 --> 00:13:17.712
  • He was helped by a priestnamed William Roy,
  • 00:13:17.745 --> 00:13:20.715
  • and within a year or twothe translation was finished.
  • 00:13:20.748 --> 00:13:24.018
  • After some challenges,
  • 00:13:24.051 --> 00:13:25.920
  • owing to the oppositionLuther was facing,
  • 00:13:25.953 --> 00:13:28.890
  • Tyndale had translatedthe New Testament into English.
  • 00:13:28.923 --> 00:13:32.460
  • He had the printingdone in Worms,
  • 00:13:32.493 --> 00:13:35.029
  • the city whereMartin Luther's trial
  • 00:13:35.062 --> 00:13:36.898
  • before EmperorCharles V was held.
  • 00:13:36.931 --> 00:13:39.800
  • More copies were printed
  • 00:13:39.834 --> 00:13:40.935
  • in what was then theDutch city of Antwerp.
  • 00:13:40.968 --> 00:13:43.871
  • And in the months that followed,
  • 00:13:43.905 --> 00:13:45.706
  • those Bibles were smuggledinto England and Scotland.
  • 00:13:45.740 --> 00:13:50.111
  • But smuggling an Englishlanguage version of the Bible
  • 00:13:50.144 --> 00:13:52.647
  • across the English Channelwasn't an easy matter.
  • 00:13:52.680 --> 00:13:56.217
  • That bishop who refusedhis permission to Tyndale
  • 00:13:56.250 --> 00:13:59.620
  • to translate the Bibleinto English back then?
  • 00:13:59.654 --> 00:14:02.523
  • He stood up a lotof opposition to the project;
  • 00:14:02.556 --> 00:14:04.859
  • in fact, he commandedthat Tyndale's Bible be burned.
  • 00:14:04.892 --> 00:14:09.330
  • Booksellers were bannedfrom selling the book.
  • 00:14:09.363 --> 00:14:12.366
  • Now, burning the Biblein public--
  • 00:14:12.400 --> 00:14:13.935
  • what that did was generatea lot of sympathy
  • 00:14:13.968 --> 00:14:16.871
  • for the whole project,
  • 00:14:16.904 --> 00:14:18.472
  • even among supportersof church and state.
  • 00:14:18.506 --> 00:14:21.776
  • People didn't like to seethe Bible treated in that way,
  • 00:14:21.809 --> 00:14:23.844
  • burned in the streets.
  • 00:14:23.878 --> 00:14:25.279
  • Here's what one historian said:
  • 00:14:25.313 --> 00:14:27.648
  • "The spectacle of the Scripturesbeing put to the torch...
  • 00:14:27.682 --> 00:14:30.785
  • provoked controversyeven amongst the faithful."
  • 00:14:30.818 --> 00:14:35.089
  • But there was worse to come.
  • 00:14:35.122 --> 00:14:37.959
  • In January of 1529, theCatholic cardinal Thomas Wolsey
  • 00:14:37.992 --> 00:14:42.229
  • condemned Tyndale as a heretic.
  • 00:14:42.263 --> 00:14:45.366
  • This attracted the attentionof England's King Henry VIII,
  • 00:14:45.399 --> 00:14:49.070
  • who acted swiftlyagainst this new reformer.
  • 00:14:49.103 --> 00:14:52.940
  • Henry was evenmore upset with Tyndale
  • 00:14:52.974 --> 00:14:54.976
  • because of Tyndale'spublic disagreement
  • 00:14:55.009 --> 00:14:56.744
  • with Henry's intentionto divorce his wife,
  • 00:14:56.777 --> 00:14:59.480
  • Catherine of Aragon, so thathe could marry Anne Boleyn.
  • 00:14:59.513 --> 00:15:04.485
  • Tyndale contended thatHenry VIII's divorce
  • 00:15:05.553 --> 00:15:08.122
  • lacked biblical support.
  • 00:15:08.155 --> 00:15:10.458
  • Henry wasn't opento constructive criticism,
  • 00:15:10.491 --> 00:15:12.927
  • but fortunately for Tyndale,he was in the Netherlands,
  • 00:15:12.960 --> 00:15:16.063
  • and Henry couldn'ttouch him there.
  • 00:15:16.097 --> 00:15:18.632
  • He continued to speak out,
  • 00:15:18.666 --> 00:15:20.101
  • not only aboutHenry VIII's morals,
  • 00:15:20.134 --> 00:15:22.636
  • but also about theteachings of the Bible.
  • 00:15:22.670 --> 00:15:24.638
  • As his writings were spread,
  • 00:15:24.672 --> 00:15:26.273
  • news about hisconvictions spread also.
  • 00:15:26.307 --> 00:15:30.244
  • Like Luther, Tyndale maintainedthat the Bible should be
  • 00:15:30.277 --> 00:15:34.015
  • the supreme authority in mattersof faith and practice.
  • 00:15:34.048 --> 00:15:38.119
  • He also believed stronglyin the Bible teaching
  • 00:15:38.152 --> 00:15:40.454
  • of justification by faith.
  • 00:15:40.488 --> 00:15:43.090
  • He did not believe
  • 00:15:43.124 --> 00:15:44.158
  • that people should confesstheir sins to others.
  • 00:15:44.191 --> 00:15:47.194
  • And like Luther, he also didn'tbelieve the popular teaching
  • 00:15:47.228 --> 00:15:50.564
  • that when people die, theygo straight to heaven or hell.
  • 00:15:50.598 --> 00:15:54.635
  • Like the otherProtestant reformers,
  • 00:15:54.668 --> 00:15:56.370
  • it was Tyndale's purposeto direct men and women
  • 00:15:56.404 --> 00:15:59.306
  • to the Bible as their ruleof faith and practice.
  • 00:15:59.340 --> 00:16:02.610
  • And even though the Protestantreformers didn't always agree
  • 00:16:02.643 --> 00:16:05.813
  • with each other onany number of subjects,
  • 00:16:05.846 --> 00:16:07.982
  • what they did do was liftup the Bible as supreme,
  • 00:16:08.015 --> 00:16:12.720
  • helping believers move towardsa clearer understanding
  • 00:16:12.753 --> 00:16:16.057
  • of God's truth.
  • 00:16:16.090 --> 00:16:17.992
  • William Tyndale's scholarshiphad a profound influence
  • 00:16:18.025 --> 00:16:21.495
  • on the translation of the KingJames Version of the Bible,
  • 00:16:21.529 --> 00:16:24.365
  • as well as on theEnglish language itself.
  • 00:16:24.398 --> 00:16:27.468
  • Translation of theKing James began in 1604
  • 00:16:27.501 --> 00:16:30.638
  • by order of James I,king of England,
  • 00:16:30.671 --> 00:16:33.040
  • and it was completed in 1611.
  • 00:16:33.074 --> 00:16:35.342
  • It's estimated that 83 percentof the New Testament
  • 00:16:35.376 --> 00:16:39.747
  • and 76 percent of the OldTestament in the King James
  • 00:16:39.780 --> 00:16:43.484
  • comes to usfrom William Tyndale.
  • 00:16:43.517 --> 00:16:46.487
  • "Passover," "scapegoat,""my brother's keeper,"
  • 00:16:46.520 --> 00:16:49.890
  • "the salt of the earth,""it came to pass,"
  • 00:16:49.924 --> 00:16:52.927
  • "the signs of the times,""let there be light,"
  • 00:16:52.960 --> 00:16:56.263
  • "a law unto themselves,"
  • 00:16:56.297 --> 00:16:58.766
  • and much more is the resultof Tyndale's scholarship.
  • 00:16:58.799 --> 00:17:02.636
  • Now, ultimately,Tyndale would meet the same fate
  • 00:17:02.670 --> 00:17:06.907
  • as the Oxford Martyrs--
  • 00:17:06.941 --> 00:17:08.709
  • Cranmer, Ridley, and Latimer,who were burned at the stake,
  • 00:17:08.742 --> 00:17:12.446
  • right here, by the Roman church,20 years after Tyndale died.
  • 00:17:12.480 --> 00:17:17.251
  • But before Tyndalewas put to death,
  • 00:17:17.284 --> 00:17:20.588
  • he prayed a prayerthat would change the world.
  • 00:17:20.621 --> 00:17:24.258
  • That's coming next.
  • 00:17:24.291 --> 00:17:25.593
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:17:25.626 --> 00:17:30.464
  • -John Bradshaw:Today I'd like to ask you
  • 00:17:37.404 --> 00:17:38.739
  • to help It Is Writtenopen the eyes of the blind.
  • 00:17:38.772 --> 00:17:42.009
  • India has more blind peoplethan any country on earth.
  • 00:17:42.042 --> 00:17:45.212
  • But simple cataract surgerycan make the difference
  • 00:17:45.246 --> 00:17:47.848
  • between seeing and not seeing.
  • 00:17:47.882 --> 00:17:50.050
  • Eyes for India is a projectthat's providing
  • 00:17:50.084 --> 00:17:52.353
  • cataract surgery for peoplein desperate need
  • 00:17:52.386 --> 00:17:55.189
  • of the gift of sight.
  • 00:17:55.222 --> 00:17:56.490
  • Please help today.
  • 00:17:56.524 --> 00:17:57.658
  • Call800-253-3000.
  • 00:17:57.691 --> 00:18:01.262
  • Or visititiswritten.com.
  • 00:18:01.295 --> 00:18:05.166
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:18:08.969 --> 00:18:10.604
  • -John Bradshaw: Thanks forjoining me on It Is Written.
  • 00:18:10.638 --> 00:18:13.307
  • In Vilvoorde, Belgium,on the northern side
  • 00:18:13.340 --> 00:18:16.544
  • of the capital cityof Belgium--Brussels--
  • 00:18:16.577 --> 00:18:19.680
  • is a museum dedicatedto the life and ministry
  • 00:18:19.713 --> 00:18:22.550
  • of William Tyndale.
  • 00:18:22.583 --> 00:18:24.752
  • It's situated herebecause this location
  • 00:18:24.785 --> 00:18:27.488
  • is only yardsfrom the very spot
  • 00:18:27.521 --> 00:18:30.624
  • where William Tyndalewas executed.
  • 00:18:30.658 --> 00:18:33.460
  • It might not look likemuch of anything today,
  • 00:18:33.494 --> 00:18:35.462
  • but if you'd beenhere 500 years ago,
  • 00:18:35.496 --> 00:18:38.265
  • you'd have seen a castlestanding on this spot
  • 00:18:38.299 --> 00:18:41.402
  • right behind me.
  • 00:18:41.435 --> 00:18:42.703
  • The Senne River, just over here,
  • 00:18:42.736 --> 00:18:44.104
  • runs between Antwerpand Brussels,
  • 00:18:44.138 --> 00:18:45.973
  • making Vilvoorde a placeof real strategic importance.
  • 00:18:46.006 --> 00:18:50.377
  • That castle was oneof a line of fortifications,
  • 00:18:50.411 --> 00:18:52.746
  • and William Tyndale,who'd been betrayed
  • 00:18:52.780 --> 00:18:55.115
  • to the Holy Roman Empire,was kept as a prisoner
  • 00:18:55.149 --> 00:18:58.018
  • for more than a year inthe castle right on this spot.
  • 00:18:58.052 --> 00:19:02.289
  • Eventually he was broughtout and executed right here.
  • 00:19:02.323 --> 00:19:06.594
  • Before he was put to death,Tyndale prayed one last prayer.
  • 00:19:06.627 --> 00:19:11.632
  • He said, "Lord, openthe king of England's eyes."
  • 00:19:11.665 --> 00:19:16.570
  • His prayer was answered.
  • 00:19:16.604 --> 00:19:18.405
  • Within four years of his death,
  • 00:19:18.439 --> 00:19:20.341
  • four English translationsof the Bible had been published,
  • 00:19:20.374 --> 00:19:23.510
  • all at the behestof King Henry VIII,
  • 00:19:23.544 --> 00:19:26.647
  • and all of them based onthe work of William Tyndale.
  • 00:19:26.680 --> 00:19:32.686
  • I've come here to thismuseum to speak to the experts
  • 00:19:32.720 --> 00:19:35.789
  • on the life of William Tyndale.
  • 00:19:35.823 --> 00:19:38.626
  • Why was Tyndaleheld here in Vilvoorde?
  • 00:19:38.659 --> 00:19:41.829
  • Why here of all places?
  • 00:19:41.862 --> 00:19:43.664
  • -Dr. Willy Willems: Here inVilvoorde there was a castle,
  • 00:19:43.697 --> 00:19:45.733
  • and in that castle
  • 00:19:45.766 --> 00:19:47.234
  • there was not so many people.
  • 00:19:47.268 --> 00:19:50.404
  • So, there they know,
  • 00:19:50.437 --> 00:19:52.706
  • if we put him in Vilvoorde,
  • 00:19:52.740 --> 00:19:55.042
  • he can, he will stay in prison.
  • 00:19:55.075 --> 00:19:58.779
  • -John: What do youthink conditions were like
  • 00:19:58.979 --> 00:20:00.714
  • inside the castle prison?
  • 00:20:00.748 --> 00:20:02.249
  • -Dr. Willems: Oh, as prisonsin the 16th, very difficult.
  • 00:20:02.283 --> 00:20:06.387
  • We know by, uh, hislast written letter
  • 00:20:06.420 --> 00:20:09.690
  • that we have in archives
  • 00:20:09.723 --> 00:20:12.493
  • that he askedon the authorities to have,
  • 00:20:12.526 --> 00:20:15.996
  • uh, warm clothes,
  • 00:20:16.030 --> 00:20:17.798
  • to bring him candlesand to bring him his work,
  • 00:20:17.831 --> 00:20:21.502
  • his translation work, forhaving the time now in prison.
  • 00:20:21.535 --> 00:20:26.774
  • And he stayed therefor the time he had to stay.
  • 00:20:26.807 --> 00:20:30.778
  • And hoping that he wouldn'tescape, they killed him.
  • 00:20:30.811 --> 00:20:36.350
  • -John: So why was the churchso opposed to Tyndale
  • 00:20:36.383 --> 00:20:38.886
  • translating the Bible?
  • 00:20:38.919 --> 00:20:40.421
  • -Dr. Willems: It's a, a,a way to eliminate
  • 00:20:40.454 --> 00:20:45.392
  • all critical actionand reactions in church.
  • 00:20:45.426 --> 00:20:50.798
  • If you have, uh,uh, uh, your people,
  • 00:20:50.831 --> 00:20:54.935
  • who can criticize yourown way to live as a church,
  • 00:20:54.968 --> 00:21:01.408
  • it's very difficultto stay as a church.
  • 00:21:01.442 --> 00:21:06.113
  • They want to keeptheir own power
  • 00:21:06.146 --> 00:21:11.885
  • and don't give the opportunityon all people to understand
  • 00:21:11.919 --> 00:21:19.059
  • what was the Word, God's, andnot the word of the church.
  • 00:21:19.093 --> 00:21:24.365
  • -John: Explain for me
  • 00:21:24.398 --> 00:21:26.367
  • William Tyndale's contributionto the Reformation.
  • 00:21:26.400 --> 00:21:31.839
  • -Dr. Willems: He was the manwho, who, uh,
  • 00:21:31.872 --> 00:21:34.108
  • who worked on theEnglish-speaking people.
  • 00:21:34.141 --> 00:21:38.345
  • And that's very important
  • 00:21:38.379 --> 00:21:39.680
  • because we had aGerman translator;
  • 00:21:39.713 --> 00:21:42.282
  • we had a French translator;
  • 00:21:42.316 --> 00:21:43.584
  • we had still a Swiss translator.
  • 00:21:43.617 --> 00:21:46.286
  • We had several translatorswho makes the New World.
  • 00:21:46.320 --> 00:21:50.524
  • That's very important to know
  • 00:21:50.557 --> 00:21:52.126
  • because we have still, uh,in Europe, a big difference
  • 00:21:52.159 --> 00:21:57.731
  • between the Latin partand the non-Latin part.
  • 00:21:57.765 --> 00:22:01.769
  • So, the English contributionof William Tyndale
  • 00:22:01.802 --> 00:22:05.038
  • is not only a contribution in,
  • 00:22:05.072 --> 00:22:08.108
  • let's say, the English-speakingpart of Europe,
  • 00:22:08.142 --> 00:22:11.712
  • but always a contributionon the New World
  • 00:22:11.745 --> 00:22:17.084
  • because we will travelfrom this country to the States,
  • 00:22:17.117 --> 00:22:22.189
  • and making in States,also the New World,
  • 00:22:22.222 --> 00:22:25.859
  • with a known translation.
  • 00:22:25.893 --> 00:22:30.697
  • And it's very important to knowthat the New American Version
  • 00:22:30.731 --> 00:22:37.337
  • is the most importanttranslation
  • 00:22:37.371 --> 00:22:42.042
  • with the biggest partof William Tyndale in it.
  • 00:22:42.075 --> 00:22:45.846
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:22:46.180 --> 00:22:51.418
  • -John: Few people havehad so great an impact
  • 00:22:51.452 --> 00:22:53.854
  • upon the religious faith,the cultural heritage,
  • 00:22:53.887 --> 00:22:57.424
  • even the vocabularyof the English-speaking world,
  • 00:22:57.458 --> 00:23:00.928
  • as William Tyndale.
  • 00:23:00.961 --> 00:23:02.429
  • Britons voted him 26th
  • 00:23:02.463 --> 00:23:04.998
  • in the list of the "100Greatest Britons" of all time.
  • 00:23:05.032 --> 00:23:08.635
  • And few prayers have beenanswered as dramatically
  • 00:23:08.669 --> 00:23:11.672
  • as that prayer Tyndale prayed
  • 00:23:11.705 --> 00:23:13.674
  • in the final momentsof his life.
  • 00:23:13.707 --> 00:23:16.543
  • When Henry VIII grantedpermission for the Bible
  • 00:23:16.577 --> 00:23:18.879
  • to be published in English,
  • 00:23:18.912 --> 00:23:20.781
  • it unleashed the Bible uponthe English-speaking world.
  • 00:23:20.814 --> 00:23:25.252
  • And as a result, the worldwould never be the same again.
  • 00:23:25.285 --> 00:23:29.690
  • The core principleof the Reformation
  • 00:23:29.723 --> 00:23:32.392
  • was the role of the Wordof God in a believer's life.
  • 00:23:32.426 --> 00:23:35.896
  • Notice that William Tyndaletranslated the Bible
  • 00:23:35.929 --> 00:23:39.266
  • into English not longafter Johannes Gutenberg
  • 00:23:39.299 --> 00:23:42.302
  • gave to us themodern printing press,
  • 00:23:42.336 --> 00:23:45.272
  • which meant the Word of Godcould be distributed to people
  • 00:23:45.305 --> 00:23:48.609
  • who could readit for themselves,
  • 00:23:48.642 --> 00:23:50.677
  • understand it for themselves,
  • 00:23:50.711 --> 00:23:52.179
  • and then follow the leading ofthe Holy Spirit in their lives.
  • 00:23:52.212 --> 00:23:57.651
  • Tyndale's contributionto the Reformation was enormous.
  • 00:23:57.684 --> 00:24:02.289
  • It's one thing to teachor to preach or to write,
  • 00:24:02.322 --> 00:24:05.225
  • as other reformers did.
  • 00:24:05.259 --> 00:24:07.461
  • It's another thing altogetherto actually give people
  • 00:24:07.494 --> 00:24:10.430
  • the Word of God.
  • 00:24:10.464 --> 00:24:12.165
  • And that's what WilliamTyndale accomplished.
  • 00:24:12.199 --> 00:24:14.935
  • Though he's been gone 500 years,
  • 00:24:14.968 --> 00:24:17.538
  • his influence and his impactlives on in the lives of people
  • 00:24:17.571 --> 00:24:21.074
  • who continue to be transformedby the power of the Holy Bible.
  • 00:24:21.108 --> 00:24:26.179
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:24:26.213 --> 00:24:31.685
  • -John: I'm John Bradshawfrom It Is Written,
  • 00:24:33.253 --> 00:24:35.489
  • inviting youto join me for "500,"
  • 00:24:35.522 --> 00:24:39.159
  • nine programsproduced by It Is Written,
  • 00:24:39.192 --> 00:24:41.428
  • taking you deepinto the Reformation.
  • 00:24:41.461 --> 00:24:44.598
  • This is the 500th anniversary ofthe beginning of the Reformation
  • 00:24:44.631 --> 00:24:48.769
  • when Martin Luther nailedhis Ninety-Five Theses
  • 00:24:48.802 --> 00:24:51.672
  • to the door of the Castle Churchin Wittenburg, Germany.
  • 00:24:51.705 --> 00:24:54.141
  • We'll take you to Wittenburg,
  • 00:24:54.174 --> 00:24:55.475
  • and to Belgium, to England,to Ireland,
  • 00:24:55.509 --> 00:24:58.712
  • to Rome,to the Vatican City,
  • 00:24:58.745 --> 00:25:00.881
  • and introduce you to the peoplewho created the Reformation,
  • 00:25:00.914 --> 00:25:03.817
  • who pushed theReformation forward.
  • 00:25:03.850 --> 00:25:05.752
  • We'll take you to sitesall throughout Europe
  • 00:25:05.786 --> 00:25:07.721
  • where the reformers lived and,in some cases, died.
  • 00:25:07.754 --> 00:25:10.557
  • We'll bring you backto the United States
  • 00:25:10.591 --> 00:25:12.225
  • and take you to a little farmin upstate New York
  • 00:25:12.259 --> 00:25:15.228
  • and show you how Godspread the Reformation here.
  • 00:25:15.262 --> 00:25:18.165
  • Don't miss "500."
  • 00:25:18.198 --> 00:25:20.267
  • You can own the"500" series on DVD.
  • 00:25:20.300 --> 00:25:23.270
  • Call us on888-664-5573,
  • 00:25:23.303 --> 00:25:27.975
  • or visit us online atitiswritten.shop.
  • 00:25:28.008 --> 00:25:32.479
  • -John Bradshaw:Let's pray together.
  • 00:25:37.117 --> 00:25:38.852
  • Our Father in heaven, we cometo you in the name of Jesus,
  • 00:25:38.885 --> 00:25:41.188
  • and today we are thankful.
  • 00:25:41.221 --> 00:25:43.223
  • Thankful for thosemen and women who paid so much
  • 00:25:43.256 --> 00:25:46.727
  • that we today couldhold the Bible in our hands.
  • 00:25:46.760 --> 00:25:49.930
  • We thank You for the exampleof William Tyndale,
  • 00:25:49.963 --> 00:25:52.866
  • a Protestant whose protestdelivered to us Your Word,
  • 00:25:52.899 --> 00:25:58.472
  • brought light to this world,and through that light,
  • 00:25:58.505 --> 00:26:01.842
  • salvation tothousands and millions.
  • 00:26:01.875 --> 00:26:06.580
  • Lord, don't let us waste
  • 00:26:06.613 --> 00:26:08.215
  • what these great heroesof history have done.
  • 00:26:08.248 --> 00:26:12.386
  • Give us grace to hideYour Word in our heart,
  • 00:26:12.419 --> 00:26:15.022
  • to live on Your Word and throughYour Word and in Your Word.
  • 00:26:15.055 --> 00:26:19.426
  • I pray the power of YourWord would produce in us
  • 00:26:19.459 --> 00:26:21.628
  • that what You want to see:
  • 00:26:21.662 --> 00:26:23.363
  • the character of Jesusand lives lived for Your glory.
  • 00:26:23.397 --> 00:26:28.669
  • And so keep usand bless us, we pray.
  • 00:26:28.702 --> 00:26:31.104
  • We thank You in Jesus' name,
  • 00:26:31.138 --> 00:26:33.373
  • Amen.
  • 00:26:33.407 --> 00:26:35.008
  • Thanks so muchfor joining me.
  • 00:26:35.042 --> 00:26:36.109
  • I'm looking forwardto seeing you again next time.
  • 00:26:36.143 --> 00:26:38.111
  • Until then, remember:
  • 00:26:38.145 --> 00:26:40.180
  • "It is written:
  • 00:26:40.213 --> 00:26:41.581
  • 'Man shall not liveby bread alone,
  • 00:26:41.615 --> 00:26:44.384
  • but by every word that proceedsfrom the mouth of God.'"
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  • ♪[Theme music]♪
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