Rome and the Reformation | TBN

Rome and the Reformation

Watch Rome and the Reformation
May 10, 2020
27:29

It Is Written seeks to impact lives for Christ.

Closed captions

Rome and the Reformation

Show timecode
Hide timecode
  • ♪[Theme music]♪
  • 00:00:00.023 --> 00:00:17.307
  • -John Bradshaw:This is It Is Written.
  • 00:00:19.776 --> 00:00:21.744
  • I'm John Bradshaw.
  • 00:00:21.778 --> 00:00:23.446
  • Thanks for joining me in Rome.
  • 00:00:23.480 --> 00:00:26.049
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:00:26.082 --> 00:00:27.717
  • Three million peoplecall this city home.
  • 00:00:27.750 --> 00:00:31.488
  • It's one of the most visitedcities in the world--
  • 00:00:31.521 --> 00:00:35.492
  • and has some of the planet's
  • 00:00:35.525 --> 00:00:36.993
  • most recognizabletourist attractions.
  • 00:00:37.026 --> 00:00:41.264
  • Twenty million peoplevisit Rome every year;
  • 00:00:41.297 --> 00:00:45.268
  • 4 million alonevisit the Colosseum--
  • 00:00:45.301 --> 00:00:48.872
  • that's 11.000 a day.
  • 00:00:48.905 --> 00:00:50.840
  • [Traffic whirring]
  • 00:00:50.874 --> 00:00:53.610
  • Legend has it that Romewas founded in 753 BC,
  • 00:00:53.643 --> 00:00:57.814
  • which means peoplehave been living here
  • 00:00:57.847 --> 00:00:59.482
  • almost 3.000 years--most likely a lot longer.
  • 00:00:59.516 --> 00:01:04.287
  • Rome was home to the emperors--
  • 00:01:04.320 --> 00:01:06.422
  • Constantine and Trajanand Nero and others.
  • 00:01:06.456 --> 00:01:10.760
  • The Olympic Gameswere held here in 1960.
  • 00:01:10.793 --> 00:01:13.663
  • Rome was bombedduring World War II.
  • 00:01:13.696 --> 00:01:16.533
  • History oozes from the poresof the "Eternal City."
  • 00:01:16.566 --> 00:01:21.638
  • The Roman Empire, whichruled for around 600 years,
  • 00:01:25.975 --> 00:01:29.445
  • was governed from Rome.
  • 00:01:29.479 --> 00:01:31.514
  • As well as being the capitalof Italy today,
  • 00:01:31.548 --> 00:01:34.150
  • Rome was the capitalof the Roman Empire,
  • 00:01:34.184 --> 00:01:36.619
  • and for half a millennium wasthe largest city in the world.
  • 00:01:36.653 --> 00:01:40.723
  • The Roman Empire stretchedall the way from Hadrian's Wall
  • 00:01:40.757 --> 00:01:44.260
  • in the north of England,
  • 00:01:44.294 --> 00:01:45.595
  • across Europe and north Africato the Persian Gulf.
  • 00:01:45.628 --> 00:01:49.599
  • But visit Rome and there'sno escaping an obvious fact:
  • 00:01:49.632 --> 00:01:53.770
  • The city is dominatedby a certain entity,
  • 00:01:53.803 --> 00:01:56.172
  • which happens to be the largestChristian denomination
  • 00:01:56.206 --> 00:01:59.542
  • in the world.
  • 00:01:59.576 --> 00:02:01.077
  • St. Peter's Basilicain the Vatican City
  • 00:02:01.110 --> 00:02:03.379
  • is one of the largestchurch buildings in the world.
  • 00:02:03.413 --> 00:02:06.583
  • It's not a cathedral.
  • 00:02:06.616 --> 00:02:08.484
  • The cathedralof the pope of Rome,
  • 00:02:08.518 --> 00:02:10.119
  • who also happensto be the bishop of Rome,
  • 00:02:10.153 --> 00:02:12.655
  • is the Archbasilicaof St. John Lateran,
  • 00:02:12.689 --> 00:02:15.625
  • which is aboutthree miles from here.
  • 00:02:15.658 --> 00:02:18.027
  • And the faithful comehere from all over the world
  • 00:02:18.061 --> 00:02:20.496
  • to visit shrines andcathedrals and holy sites
  • 00:02:20.530 --> 00:02:23.933
  • that are importantto their faith.
  • 00:02:23.967 --> 00:02:26.636
  • Rome claims that it is the onetrue church founded by Jesus,
  • 00:02:30.340 --> 00:02:35.612
  • and that the pope isSt. Peter's successor.
  • 00:02:35.645 --> 00:02:40.316
  • But while the church of Romehas occupied the place
  • 00:02:40.350 --> 00:02:42.919
  • of greatest influenceof any church in the world
  • 00:02:42.952 --> 00:02:45.588
  • for well over a thousand years,
  • 00:02:45.622 --> 00:02:48.358
  • there was a time whenits influence and supremacy
  • 00:02:48.391 --> 00:02:51.661
  • was jeopardized.
  • 00:02:51.694 --> 00:02:54.163
  • When the ProtestantReformation challenged
  • 00:02:58.234 --> 00:03:00.203
  • the authority of the establishedchurch 500 years ago,
  • 00:03:00.236 --> 00:03:03.873
  • it took on what had becomethe most powerful institution
  • 00:03:03.906 --> 00:03:07.043
  • in western civilization.
  • 00:03:07.076 --> 00:03:10.813
  • So how did the churchbecome so powerful?
  • 00:03:10.847 --> 00:03:14.350
  • Well, when the Roman Empirecollapsed in the 5th century AD,
  • 00:03:14.384 --> 00:03:17.287
  • an enormous power vacuumwas created in Europe.
  • 00:03:17.320 --> 00:03:21.157
  • By that time, Christianityhad been established
  • 00:03:21.190 --> 00:03:24.093
  • as the state religionof the Roman Empire.
  • 00:03:24.127 --> 00:03:27.130
  • That had been sofor more than 150 years.
  • 00:03:27.163 --> 00:03:30.500
  • There was only one powerthat could provide
  • 00:03:30.533 --> 00:03:34.070
  • any measure of stability.
  • 00:03:34.103 --> 00:03:36.506
  • One historian put it this way:
  • 00:03:36.539 --> 00:03:39.142
  • "With the breakupof the Roman bureaucracy,
  • 00:03:39.175 --> 00:03:41.411
  • the structure of daily lifewas threatened
  • 00:03:41.444 --> 00:03:43.980
  • with disintegration.
  • 00:03:44.013 --> 00:03:45.948
  • The only trace leftof the Roman organism
  • 00:03:45.982 --> 00:03:48.451
  • was the Catholic Church,
  • 00:03:48.484 --> 00:03:50.653
  • and the only men withadministrative experience
  • 00:03:50.687 --> 00:03:54.090
  • were the bishops."
  • 00:03:54.123 --> 00:03:55.958
  • Another historian wrote:
  • 00:03:55.992 --> 00:03:57.593
  • "The reins and skills ofgovernment were handed down
  • 00:03:57.627 --> 00:04:00.930
  • by a dying empireto a virile papacy;
  • 00:04:00.963 --> 00:04:04.667
  • the lost powerof the broken sword
  • 00:04:04.701 --> 00:04:07.103
  • was rewon by the magicof the consoling word;
  • 00:04:07.136 --> 00:04:11.307
  • the armies of the state werereplaced by the missionaries
  • 00:04:11.341 --> 00:04:14.477
  • of the Churchmoving in all directions
  • 00:04:14.510 --> 00:04:17.480
  • along the Roman roads,
  • 00:04:17.513 --> 00:04:19.215
  • and the revolted provinces,accepting Christianity,
  • 00:04:19.248 --> 00:04:22.952
  • again acknowledgedthe sovereignty of Rome."
  • 00:04:22.985 --> 00:04:26.556
  • The transition from ancientto medieval Christianity
  • 00:04:33.496 --> 00:04:36.999
  • began in earnestwith the conversion
  • 00:04:37.033 --> 00:04:39.168
  • of the emperor Constantine,
  • 00:04:39.202 --> 00:04:41.204
  • which was almost certainlyonly a nominal conversion.
  • 00:04:41.237 --> 00:04:44.674
  • Constantine's Arch,built more than 1.700 years ago,
  • 00:04:44.707 --> 00:04:48.978
  • very near the Colosseum,
  • 00:04:49.011 --> 00:04:50.680
  • commemorates the victory thatbrought Constantine to power
  • 00:04:50.713 --> 00:04:53.583
  • in 312 AD.
  • 00:04:53.616 --> 00:04:58.621
  • Constantine claimed that he'dreceived a vision from God,
  • 00:04:58.654 --> 00:05:02.024
  • assuring him thathe would triumph,
  • 00:05:02.058 --> 00:05:03.893
  • which led himto embrace Christianity,
  • 00:05:03.926 --> 00:05:06.195
  • which until that timehad been a persecuted sect.
  • 00:05:06.229 --> 00:05:09.599
  • Christianity became the meansthrough which Constantine
  • 00:05:09.632 --> 00:05:12.702
  • brought peace and unityto the empire.
  • 00:05:12.735 --> 00:05:16.272
  • But that peace and unitycame at a high price.
  • 00:05:16.305 --> 00:05:21.177
  • As the church found acceptancewith kings and emperors,
  • 00:05:21.210 --> 00:05:24.914
  • Christianity itselfunderwent a metamorphosis.
  • 00:05:24.947 --> 00:05:28.584
  • It began to resemble less andless the early Christian church
  • 00:05:28.618 --> 00:05:32.755
  • and was influenced moreand more by paganism.
  • 00:05:32.789 --> 00:05:36.826
  • Keep in mind that the Romanemperors, including Constantine,
  • 00:05:36.859 --> 00:05:40.263
  • had been pagans.
  • 00:05:40.296 --> 00:05:41.664
  • As you might imagine,it would've been difficult,
  • 00:05:41.697 --> 00:05:44.734
  • at best, for Constantine'snew-found faith
  • 00:05:44.767 --> 00:05:48.337
  • not to have been influencedby his pagan background.
  • 00:05:48.371 --> 00:05:52.008
  • Turned out to be impossible.
  • 00:05:52.041 --> 00:05:54.844
  • Centuries before, Jesushad said of the Pharisees,
  • 00:05:54.877 --> 00:05:58.080
  • "In vain they worship me,
  • 00:05:58.114 --> 00:06:00.450
  • teaching as doctrinesthe commandments of men."
  • 00:06:00.483 --> 00:06:03.019
  • Matthew 15:9.
  • 00:06:03.052 --> 00:06:04.687
  • Throughoutwestern Christianity,
  • 00:06:04.720 --> 00:06:06.589
  • paganism and the faith of Jesus,along with church and state,
  • 00:06:06.622 --> 00:06:10.593
  • were blended together.
  • 00:06:10.626 --> 00:06:12.862
  • The Roman Empirewas a pagan empire.
  • 00:06:12.895 --> 00:06:15.765
  • When it embraced Christianity,
  • 00:06:15.798 --> 00:06:17.800
  • it didn't rid itselfof pagan influences.
  • 00:06:17.834 --> 00:06:21.504
  • Instead, it embracedthem and absorbed them.
  • 00:06:21.537 --> 00:06:26.509
  • As a result, the church lostthe power of the gospel.
  • 00:06:26.542 --> 00:06:31.314
  • The story is toldthat Pope Julius II
  • 00:06:31.347 --> 00:06:33.449
  • was once speaking with thescholar Erasmus here in Rome.
  • 00:06:33.483 --> 00:06:37.520
  • He referred tothe church's great wealth
  • 00:06:37.553 --> 00:06:39.489
  • and then referenced Peter'sstatement in Acts chapter 3:
  • 00:06:39.522 --> 00:06:43.025
  • "Silver and gold have I none."
  • 00:06:43.059 --> 00:06:45.461
  • The pope turned tothe scholar, and he said,
  • 00:06:45.495 --> 00:06:48.064
  • "Well, we cannot saythat now, can we?"
  • 00:06:48.097 --> 00:06:50.433
  • And the scholarreplied by saying,
  • 00:06:50.466 --> 00:06:51.934
  • "No, we cannot.
  • 00:06:51.968 --> 00:06:53.469
  • And neither can we say,'Rise up and walk.'"
  • 00:06:53.503 --> 00:06:57.006
  • Back with morein just a moment.
  • 00:06:57.039 --> 00:06:58.875
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:06:58.908 --> 00:07:04.213
  • -John: I'm John Bradshawfrom It Is Written,
  • 00:07:05.681 --> 00:07:07.850
  • inviting youto join me for "500,"
  • 00:07:07.884 --> 00:07:11.487
  • nine programsproduced by It Is Written,
  • 00:07:11.521 --> 00:07:13.789
  • taking you deepinto the Reformation.
  • 00:07:13.823 --> 00:07:16.926
  • This is the 500thanniversary of the beginning
  • 00:07:16.959 --> 00:07:20.062
  • of the Reformation,
  • 00:07:20.096 --> 00:07:21.230
  • when Martin Luthernailed his Ninety-five Theses
  • 00:07:21.264 --> 00:07:23.699
  • to the door of the CastleChurch in Wittenberg, Germany.
  • 00:07:23.733 --> 00:07:26.469
  • We'll take you to Wittenberg,
  • 00:07:26.502 --> 00:07:27.970
  • and to Belgium,to England, to Ireland,
  • 00:07:28.004 --> 00:07:31.173
  • to Rome,to the Vatican City,
  • 00:07:31.207 --> 00:07:33.276
  • and introduce you to the peoplewho created the Reformation,
  • 00:07:33.309 --> 00:07:36.279
  • who pushed theReformation forward.
  • 00:07:36.312 --> 00:07:38.180
  • We'll take you to sitesall throughout Europe
  • 00:07:38.214 --> 00:07:40.149
  • where the reformers lived and,in some cases, died.
  • 00:07:40.182 --> 00:07:42.952
  • We'll bring you backto the United States
  • 00:07:42.985 --> 00:07:44.654
  • and take you to a littlefarm in upstate New York
  • 00:07:44.687 --> 00:07:47.590
  • and show you how Godspread the Reformation here.
  • 00:07:47.623 --> 00:07:50.526
  • Don't miss "500."
  • 00:07:50.560 --> 00:07:52.662
  • You can own the"500" series on DVD.
  • 00:07:52.695 --> 00:07:55.731
  • Call us on888-664-5573,
  • 00:07:55.765 --> 00:08:00.436
  • or visit us online atitiswritten.shop.
  • 00:08:00.469 --> 00:08:05.174
  • -John Bradshaw: Thanks forjoining me on It Is Written.
  • 00:08:06.542 --> 00:08:09.045
  • The New Testament churchhad very little wealth
  • 00:08:09.078 --> 00:08:12.014
  • and absolutelyno political power.
  • 00:08:12.048 --> 00:08:15.251
  • But it did have what theApostle Paul described as
  • 00:08:15.284 --> 00:08:17.987
  • "the power of God to salvation."
  • 00:08:18.020 --> 00:08:20.856
  • And the book of Actssays that that power
  • 00:08:20.890 --> 00:08:23.359
  • "turned the world upside down."
  • 00:08:23.392 --> 00:08:26.195
  • But when the churchcompromised with the world
  • 00:08:26.228 --> 00:08:28.364
  • in order to receivefavor and protection,
  • 00:08:28.397 --> 00:08:31.701
  • that primitive powerof the gospel was lost.
  • 00:08:31.734 --> 00:08:35.271
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:08:35.304 --> 00:08:41.177
  • But civil and ecclesiasticalpower soon fell into the hands
  • 00:08:41.210 --> 00:08:45.081
  • of the church as Europesearched for stability.
  • 00:08:45.114 --> 00:08:49.085
  • The emperor Justinian,
  • 00:08:49.118 --> 00:08:50.519
  • who had ruled what wasonce the eastern half
  • 00:08:50.553 --> 00:08:52.722
  • of the Roman Empire,
  • 00:08:52.755 --> 00:08:53.689
  • became the championfor Roman Christianity.
  • 00:08:53.723 --> 00:08:56.959
  • The emperor becamethe defender of the church
  • 00:08:56.993 --> 00:09:00.096
  • and set about to destroy,by military means,
  • 00:09:00.129 --> 00:09:03.499
  • the theological enemiesof the church.
  • 00:09:03.532 --> 00:09:06.469
  • Tribes such as the Heruli,
  • 00:09:06.502 --> 00:09:08.337
  • the Ostrogoths, and the Vandalswere subdued and conquered.
  • 00:09:08.371 --> 00:09:13.275
  • One historian reflectedupon these conquests:
  • 00:09:13.309 --> 00:09:16.912
  • "The Church, with the shadow ofthe ancient authority behind it,
  • 00:09:16.946 --> 00:09:20.783
  • was the only symbol leftof imperial Rome,
  • 00:09:20.816 --> 00:09:24.120
  • and its bishop, the Pope,
  • 00:09:24.153 --> 00:09:26.155
  • was the city's only recoursefor leadership and protection.
  • 00:09:26.188 --> 00:09:29.759
  • The Roman Empire in Europewould be replaced
  • 00:09:29.792 --> 00:09:32.528
  • by the spiritual empire--
  • 00:09:32.561 --> 00:09:34.463
  • which came to betemporal as well--
  • 00:09:34.497 --> 00:09:37.133
  • whose reigning seigneurwas the bishop of Rome."
  • 00:09:37.166 --> 00:09:41.637
  • There were somecolorful characters
  • 00:09:42.938 --> 00:09:44.573
  • associated with the papacyin the Middle Ages.
  • 00:09:44.607 --> 00:09:47.810
  • Pope Gregory VII,who reigned in the 11th century,
  • 00:09:47.843 --> 00:09:51.681
  • forced the Germanemperor Henry IV
  • 00:09:51.714 --> 00:09:55.051
  • to wait outsidein the snow for three days
  • 00:09:55.084 --> 00:09:59.422
  • before agreeing to see himand reconcile him to the church.
  • 00:09:59.455 --> 00:10:03.659
  • Now, you might not expect thingsto be done that way today,
  • 00:10:03.693 --> 00:10:05.928
  • but in the medieval church,that's how things were done.
  • 00:10:05.961 --> 00:10:09.465
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:10:09.498 --> 00:10:13.903
  • Pope Sixtus IV,
  • 00:10:13.936 --> 00:10:15.905
  • famous for buildingthe Sistine Chapel in Rome,
  • 00:10:15.938 --> 00:10:18.574
  • which was named for him,reigned in the 15th century.
  • 00:10:18.607 --> 00:10:24.046
  • He was also deeplyinvolved in the politics
  • 00:10:24.080 --> 00:10:26.549
  • of the Italian states,
  • 00:10:26.582 --> 00:10:28.851
  • and in 1476 he wasinvolved in a conspiracy
  • 00:10:28.884 --> 00:10:32.488
  • to assassinate an Italianstatesman and his brother,
  • 00:10:32.521 --> 00:10:36.392
  • whose family at the time wererulers in the city of Florence.
  • 00:10:36.425 --> 00:10:40.362
  • Other popes, such asAlexander VI and Julius II,
  • 00:10:40.396 --> 00:10:43.833
  • kept mistresses andfathered illegitimate sons,
  • 00:10:43.866 --> 00:10:47.403
  • and even maneuveredthese illegitimate sons
  • 00:10:47.436 --> 00:10:49.739
  • into positions of influence.
  • 00:10:49.772 --> 00:10:52.074
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:10:55.377 --> 00:10:56.345
  • [Crowd murmuring]
  • 00:10:56.378 --> 00:10:59.248
  • [Water running]
  • 00:10:59.281 --> 00:11:02.017
  • Of course,they weren't all bad,
  • 00:11:04.887 --> 00:11:06.522
  • and you can't judgean entire organization
  • 00:11:06.555 --> 00:11:08.557
  • by a few rotten eggs.
  • 00:11:08.591 --> 00:11:11.293
  • But it was a systemthat dictated to countries,
  • 00:11:11.327 --> 00:11:13.529
  • manipulated states,
  • 00:11:13.562 --> 00:11:15.664
  • and believed that the lineseparating church and state
  • 00:11:15.698 --> 00:11:18.634
  • should simply disappear.
  • 00:11:18.667 --> 00:11:21.337
  • And it helps us to understandwhy the Reformation
  • 00:11:21.370 --> 00:11:23.706
  • should take place at all.
  • 00:11:23.739 --> 00:11:25.908
  • The system was simply broken.
  • 00:11:25.941 --> 00:11:28.911
  • In time, the papacygot to the place
  • 00:11:28.944 --> 00:11:30.646
  • where tradition hadauthority over Scripture.
  • 00:11:30.679 --> 00:11:34.283
  • Pope Innocent III,who ruled between 1198 and 1216
  • 00:11:34.316 --> 00:11:38.320
  • and was the most powerfulof all of the medieval popes,
  • 00:11:38.354 --> 00:11:41.390
  • had this to sayabout his spiritual role:
  • 00:11:41.423 --> 00:11:44.827
  • "The successor of Peteris the Vicar of Christ;
  • 00:11:44.860 --> 00:11:48.497
  • he has been established asa mediator between God and man,
  • 00:11:48.531 --> 00:11:52.434
  • below Godbut beyond man,
  • 00:11:52.468 --> 00:11:54.870
  • less than Godbut more than man,
  • 00:11:54.904 --> 00:11:57.973
  • who shall judge alland be judged by no one."
  • 00:11:58.007 --> 00:12:01.577
  • And the church had toolsat its disposal
  • 00:12:02.378 --> 00:12:04.680
  • to strike fear intothe heart of people--
  • 00:12:04.713 --> 00:12:07.216
  • a people who werelargely ignorant and,
  • 00:12:07.249 --> 00:12:09.885
  • when it came to the Scriptures,completely illiterate.
  • 00:12:09.919 --> 00:12:13.656
  • The sentence of interdict,a sort of censure
  • 00:12:13.689 --> 00:12:16.792
  • that the church would placeupon dissenters,
  • 00:12:16.826 --> 00:12:18.561
  • meant that sinscouldn't be forgiven;
  • 00:12:18.594 --> 00:12:21.197
  • the sacramentscouldn't be dispensed;
  • 00:12:21.230 --> 00:12:22.965
  • prayers for the deadcouldn't be heard.
  • 00:12:22.998 --> 00:12:25.401
  • Essentially, heaven was cut off
  • 00:12:25.434 --> 00:12:28.237
  • for people who were livingin the affected area.
  • 00:12:28.270 --> 00:12:30.573
  • And when you consider that thechurch is the doorway to heaven,
  • 00:12:30.606 --> 00:12:34.476
  • well, when the churchgoes ahead and shuts that door,
  • 00:12:34.510 --> 00:12:37.479
  • you can imagine.
  • 00:12:37.513 --> 00:12:38.714
  • During the reignof Innocent III,
  • 00:12:38.747 --> 00:12:40.316
  • the nation of Francewas placed under interdict
  • 00:12:40.349 --> 00:12:43.219
  • as the pope triedto persuade the king
  • 00:12:43.252 --> 00:12:46.288
  • to take back his estranged wife.
  • 00:12:46.322 --> 00:12:48.624
  • During the 1400s,the city of Prague,
  • 00:12:48.657 --> 00:12:51.460
  • in what was then Bohemiaand is now the Czech Republic,
  • 00:12:51.493 --> 00:12:54.730
  • suffered a similar fate duringthe ministry of John Huss.
  • 00:12:54.763 --> 00:12:58.667
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:12:58.701 --> 00:13:02.304
  • [Wind blowing]
  • 00:13:02.338 --> 00:13:04.406
  • And it got muchworse than interdict.
  • 00:13:04.440 --> 00:13:07.076
  • Anyone living in the worlddominated by the church
  • 00:13:07.109 --> 00:13:09.879
  • in the Middle Ages had todeal with some grim realities.
  • 00:13:09.912 --> 00:13:14.283
  • Under the influenceof Saint Augustine,
  • 00:13:14.316 --> 00:13:16.585
  • the church accepted the theorythat humanity's willpower
  • 00:13:16.619 --> 00:13:19.922
  • was so depraved that the useof force against heretics
  • 00:13:19.955 --> 00:13:24.526
  • and sinners wassometimes necessary.
  • 00:13:24.560 --> 00:13:28.264
  • As a result, the medievalchurch resorted
  • 00:13:28.297 --> 00:13:31.033
  • to some of the most brutaltactics ever seen in history,
  • 00:13:31.066 --> 00:13:34.203
  • as a means of controllingthe consciences of God's people.
  • 00:13:34.236 --> 00:13:37.673
  • Christians duringthese centuries
  • 00:13:37.706 --> 00:13:39.241
  • were burned at the stake,
  • 00:13:39.275 --> 00:13:41.010
  • tortured on the rack,
  • 00:13:41.043 --> 00:13:43.045
  • and a whole lot more--all in the name of God.
  • 00:13:43.078 --> 00:13:48.017
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:13:48.050 --> 00:13:54.490
  • One historian wrote,
  • 00:13:54.523 --> 00:13:56.158
  • "Compared with the persecutionof heresy in Europe
  • 00:13:56.191 --> 00:13:58.928
  • from 1227 to 1492,
  • 00:13:58.961 --> 00:14:02.231
  • the persecutionof Christians by Romans
  • 00:14:02.264 --> 00:14:04.333
  • in the first threecenturies after Christ
  • 00:14:04.366 --> 00:14:07.136
  • was a mild and humane procedure.
  • 00:14:07.169 --> 00:14:10.873
  • Making every allowancerequired of an historian
  • 00:14:10.906 --> 00:14:13.909
  • and permitted to a Christian,
  • 00:14:13.943 --> 00:14:15.811
  • we must rank the Inquisition,
  • 00:14:15.844 --> 00:14:17.913
  • along with the warsand persecutions of our time,
  • 00:14:17.947 --> 00:14:20.950
  • as among the darkest blotson the record of mankind,
  • 00:14:20.983 --> 00:14:24.486
  • revealing a ferocityunknown in any beast."
  • 00:14:24.520 --> 00:14:28.724
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:14:28.757 --> 00:14:29.925
  • So you can understand whyWycliffe spoke out in England,
  • 00:14:29.959 --> 00:14:33.228
  • and why John Huss protestedin what we know today to be
  • 00:14:33.262 --> 00:14:36.065
  • the Czech Republic,
  • 00:14:36.098 --> 00:14:37.599
  • why Calvin rose up in Geneva
  • 00:14:37.633 --> 00:14:39.768
  • and Knox in Scotland
  • 00:14:39.802 --> 00:14:41.203
  • and Zwingli in Zurich.
  • 00:14:41.236 --> 00:14:43.005
  • The church was broken,abusing its power,
  • 00:14:43.038 --> 00:14:46.976
  • choking off the Scripturesfrom the people,
  • 00:14:47.009 --> 00:14:49.278
  • and teaching falsehoodin the place of truth.
  • 00:14:49.311 --> 00:14:53.248
  • Of course, church leaderstoday don't speak
  • 00:14:54.383 --> 00:14:56.485
  • in quite the same toneas Pope Innocent III did,
  • 00:14:56.518 --> 00:14:59.455
  • all those years ago.
  • 00:14:59.488 --> 00:15:01.090
  • But Rome still takes a hardline on how its teachings
  • 00:15:01.123 --> 00:15:04.126
  • are to be evaluated,
  • 00:15:04.159 --> 00:15:05.394
  • maintaining it holds a uniqueplace among Christian faiths.
  • 00:15:05.427 --> 00:15:09.832
  • In 1997,Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger,
  • 00:15:09.865 --> 00:15:12.768
  • who went on to becomePope Benedict XVI,
  • 00:15:12.801 --> 00:15:15.671
  • said that the use of Scriptureto evaluate church teaching
  • 00:15:15.704 --> 00:15:19.241
  • "was one of the mostdangerous currents
  • 00:15:19.274 --> 00:15:21.710
  • to flow out of theVatican II Council."
  • 00:15:21.744 --> 00:15:25.614
  • So what do you dowhen you're a church leader,
  • 00:15:25.647 --> 00:15:28.450
  • and you discover thatthere are inconsistencies
  • 00:15:28.484 --> 00:15:30.986
  • between what the Bible teachesand what you hold to be true
  • 00:15:31.020 --> 00:15:34.757
  • as an organization?
  • 00:15:34.790 --> 00:15:36.191
  • Problem or not?
  • 00:15:36.225 --> 00:15:38.193
  • We'll find outin just a moment.
  • 00:15:38.227 --> 00:15:40.763
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:15:40.796 --> 00:15:46.201
  • -Announcer: In Matthew 4:4,the Word of God says,
  • 00:15:48.837 --> 00:15:51.507
  • "It is written, 'Man shallnot live by bread alone,
  • 00:15:51.540 --> 00:15:54.643
  • but by every word that proceedsfrom the mouth of God.'"
  • 00:15:54.676 --> 00:15:58.380
  • "Every Word" is a one-minuteBible-based daily devotional
  • 00:15:58.414 --> 00:16:01.617
  • presented byPastor John Bradshaw
  • 00:16:01.650 --> 00:16:03.485
  • and designed especiallyfor busy people like you.
  • 00:16:03.519 --> 00:16:06.488
  • Look for "Every Word"on selected networks
  • 00:16:06.522 --> 00:16:09.224
  • or watch it onlineevery day on our website,
  • 00:16:09.258 --> 00:16:11.727
  • itiswritten.com.
  • 00:16:11.760 --> 00:16:14.096
  • Receive a daily spiritual boost.
  • 00:16:14.129 --> 00:16:16.198
  • Watch "Every Word."
  • 00:16:16.231 --> 00:16:17.166
  • You'll be glad you did.
  • 00:16:17.199 --> 00:16:20.002
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:16:23.372 --> 00:16:25.374
  • -John Bradshaw: By the timeof the Reformation,
  • 00:16:25.407 --> 00:16:27.109
  • the church of Romehad become, by far,
  • 00:16:27.142 --> 00:16:29.711
  • not only the most powerfulchurch on the planet,
  • 00:16:29.745 --> 00:16:32.948
  • but also the mostpowerful political entity.
  • 00:16:32.981 --> 00:16:35.818
  • And that happenedas Rome filled a vacuum
  • 00:16:35.851 --> 00:16:38.120
  • left by the failed Roman Empire.
  • 00:16:38.153 --> 00:16:40.622
  • It was basicallythrust into that role.
  • 00:16:40.656 --> 00:16:42.991
  • That could have beena wonderful opportunity
  • 00:16:43.025 --> 00:16:45.027
  • for church leaders to elevatethe gospel and the message
  • 00:16:45.060 --> 00:16:48.197
  • of Christ's righteousnessand grace and mercy.
  • 00:16:48.230 --> 00:16:53.302
  • But tradition startedcoming into the church
  • 00:16:53.335 --> 00:16:55.604
  • a lot like a rising tidecreeping up a beach.
  • 00:16:55.637 --> 00:16:58.740
  • One of the unique teachings thatthe reformers were up against
  • 00:16:58.774 --> 00:17:02.144
  • was that of the magisterium,
  • 00:17:02.177 --> 00:17:03.545
  • the teaching officeof the church,
  • 00:17:03.579 --> 00:17:06.014
  • the church's ability to decidewhat's true and what is not.
  • 00:17:06.048 --> 00:17:10.385
  • It's said that Jesus Christ
  • 00:17:10.419 --> 00:17:13.155
  • is the source of allof the church's teachings,
  • 00:17:13.188 --> 00:17:15.424
  • but that those teachingsrest upon Scripture
  • 00:17:15.457 --> 00:17:18.594
  • and "sacred tradition."
  • 00:17:18.627 --> 00:17:21.263
  • In other words,
  • 00:17:21.296 --> 00:17:22.498
  • our traditions provide us withan unerring source of truth,
  • 00:17:22.531 --> 00:17:25.834
  • and we know that to be truebecause we say it is true,
  • 00:17:25.868 --> 00:17:30.706
  • and we can say it's truebecause God has given us
  • 00:17:30.739 --> 00:17:33.308
  • the authority to do that,
  • 00:17:33.342 --> 00:17:34.543
  • and we know He's given us thatauthority because we say so.
  • 00:17:34.576 --> 00:17:40.449
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:17:40.482 --> 00:17:49.291
  • The teachings of themagisterium are said to be
  • 00:17:49.324 --> 00:17:51.593
  • "the prime God-givenmeans of finding the truth."
  • 00:17:51.627 --> 00:17:55.931
  • But appealing to the Bibleas your authority
  • 00:17:55.964 --> 00:17:59.201
  • only gets you someplaceif people accept
  • 00:17:59.234 --> 00:18:02.337
  • that the Bibleis authoritative.
  • 00:18:02.371 --> 00:18:04.940
  • Now, do the teachingsof the church
  • 00:18:04.973 --> 00:18:06.308
  • ever contradict theteachings of the Bible?
  • 00:18:06.341 --> 00:18:08.810
  • Yes, at times they do.
  • 00:18:08.844 --> 00:18:10.913
  • But that's okay, becausethe church says it's okay.
  • 00:18:10.946 --> 00:18:16.185
  • Even Pope John Paul II admittedthat he was contradicting
  • 00:18:16.218 --> 00:18:19.821
  • the teachings of Jesus:
  • 00:18:19.855 --> 00:18:22.257
  • "Have no fear when peoplecall me the Vicar of Christ,
  • 00:18:22.291 --> 00:18:26.061
  • when they say to me'Holy Father'
  • 00:18:26.094 --> 00:18:28.263
  • or 'Your Holiness,'
  • 00:18:28.297 --> 00:18:29.765
  • or use terms similar to these,
  • 00:18:29.798 --> 00:18:31.967
  • which seem eveninimical to the gospel.
  • 00:18:32.000 --> 00:18:35.170
  • Christ Himself declared,
  • 00:18:35.204 --> 00:18:37.239
  • 'Call no one onearth your father;
  • 00:18:37.272 --> 00:18:39.808
  • you have butone father in heaven.
  • 00:18:39.841 --> 00:18:41.977
  • Do not be called Master;
  • 00:18:42.010 --> 00:18:43.779
  • you have but one Master,the Messiah' (Matthew 23:9-10).
  • 00:18:43.812 --> 00:18:48.750
  • These expressions,nevertheless,
  • 00:18:48.784 --> 00:18:50.352
  • have evolvedout of a long tradition,
  • 00:18:50.385 --> 00:18:53.055
  • becoming part of common usage.
  • 00:18:53.088 --> 00:18:55.791
  • One must not be afraidof these words either."
  • 00:18:55.824 --> 00:18:59.995
  • Modern popes have also made itclear that people must confess
  • 00:19:00.028 --> 00:19:03.899
  • their sins to a priestto receive God's forgiveness.
  • 00:19:03.932 --> 00:19:08.203
  • "Rebuffing a beliefwidely shared by Protestants
  • 00:19:09.371 --> 00:19:12.407
  • and a growing numberof Roman Catholics,
  • 00:19:12.441 --> 00:19:14.176
  • Pope John Paul IIon Tuesday dismissed
  • 00:19:14.209 --> 00:19:17.613
  • the 'widespread idea thatone can obtain forgiveness
  • 00:19:17.646 --> 00:19:21.316
  • directly from God,'
  • 00:19:21.350 --> 00:19:23.151
  • and exhorted Catholicsto confess more often
  • 00:19:23.185 --> 00:19:25.954
  • to their priests."
  • 00:19:25.988 --> 00:19:28.090
  • The Apostle John wrote,
  • 00:19:28.123 --> 00:19:29.358
  • "If we confess our sins,
  • 00:19:29.391 --> 00:19:31.426
  • He is faithful and justto forgive us our sins
  • 00:19:31.460 --> 00:19:35.264
  • and to cleanse usfrom all unrighteousness."
  • 00:19:35.297 --> 00:19:40.769
  • And the reformers knew that
  • 00:19:40.802 --> 00:19:43.071
  • and were determined that peoplecould find forgiveness in Christ
  • 00:19:43.105 --> 00:19:46.875
  • rather than througha church and its sacraments.
  • 00:19:46.908 --> 00:19:50.345
  • One of the practicesthat spurred Martin Luther
  • 00:19:50.379 --> 00:19:52.881
  • to write his Ninety-Five Theseswas the selling of indulgences.
  • 00:19:52.914 --> 00:19:57.419
  • But even though theselling of indulgences
  • 00:19:57.452 --> 00:19:59.021
  • virtually kick-startedthe Reformation,
  • 00:19:59.054 --> 00:20:01.690
  • things haven't changed.
  • 00:20:01.723 --> 00:20:03.625
  • "Pope John Paul IIannounced yesterday
  • 00:20:03.659 --> 00:20:05.827
  • that throughout themillennium celebration,
  • 00:20:05.861 --> 00:20:08.196
  • penitents who do a charitabledeed or give up cigarettes
  • 00:20:08.230 --> 00:20:11.767
  • or alcohol for a daycan earn an 'indulgence'
  • 00:20:11.800 --> 00:20:15.671
  • that will eliminatetime in purgatory."
  • 00:20:15.704 --> 00:20:18.373
  • This was reportedin the New York Times:
  • 00:20:18.407 --> 00:20:21.476
  • "In recent monthsdioceses around the world
  • 00:20:21.510 --> 00:20:24.313
  • have been offeringCatholics a spiritual benefit
  • 00:20:24.346 --> 00:20:26.782
  • that fell out of favordecades ago, the indulgence.
  • 00:20:26.815 --> 00:20:31.053
  • A sort of amnesty frompunishment in the afterlife
  • 00:20:31.086 --> 00:20:34.256
  • and reminding themof the church's clout
  • 00:20:34.289 --> 00:20:36.525
  • in mitigating the wages of sin.
  • 00:20:36.558 --> 00:20:39.461
  • The fact that many Catholicsunder 50 have never sought one,
  • 00:20:39.494 --> 00:20:42.764
  • and never heard of indulgences
  • 00:20:42.798 --> 00:20:44.266
  • except in high schoolEuropean history
  • 00:20:44.299 --> 00:20:46.768
  • (Martin Luther denouncedthe selling of them in 1517
  • 00:20:46.802 --> 00:20:50.639
  • while igniting theProtestant Reformation),
  • 00:20:50.672 --> 00:20:53.408
  • simply makes theirreintroduction more urgent
  • 00:20:53.442 --> 00:20:56.345
  • among church leaders bent onrestoring fading traditions
  • 00:20:56.378 --> 00:21:00.048
  • of penance in what they seeas a self-satisfied world."
  • 00:21:00.082 --> 00:21:04.286
  • So the issues that were raisedby the Protestant reformers
  • 00:21:06.355 --> 00:21:10.092
  • still exist today,
  • 00:21:10.125 --> 00:21:12.060
  • emphasized by a headlinethat appeared on the front page
  • 00:21:12.094 --> 00:21:14.930
  • of the Los Angeles Timesback in the year 2000:
  • 00:21:14.963 --> 00:21:18.834
  • "Vatican Declares CatholicismSole Path to Salvation."
  • 00:21:18.867 --> 00:21:24.573
  • The Secretary of the WorldCouncil of Churches at the time
  • 00:21:24.606 --> 00:21:27.409
  • said this in response:
  • 00:21:27.442 --> 00:21:29.311
  • "It's realistic to acknowledgethat this is the official
  • 00:21:29.344 --> 00:21:31.780
  • Catholic position and we cannotsimply wish it away."
  • 00:21:31.813 --> 00:21:36.151
  • Men like John Huss and hiscolleague Jerome in Bohemia,
  • 00:21:36.184 --> 00:21:39.654
  • Louis de Berquin in France,
  • 00:21:39.688 --> 00:21:41.723
  • William Tyndale of England,
  • 00:21:41.757 --> 00:21:43.458
  • Ridley, Latimer,and Cranmer in England,
  • 00:21:43.492 --> 00:21:46.061
  • Patrick Hamilton andGeorge Wishart in Scotland,
  • 00:21:46.094 --> 00:21:48.230
  • and millions of othersduring those dark,
  • 00:21:48.263 --> 00:21:50.565
  • blood-stained centuries,gave their lives,
  • 00:21:50.599 --> 00:21:53.468
  • in the words ofthe Apostle John,
  • 00:21:53.502 --> 00:21:55.637
  • "for the Word of God and forthe testimony of Jesus Christ."
  • 00:21:55.670 --> 00:21:59.341
  • Revelation 1:2.
  • 00:21:59.374 --> 00:22:02.110
  • There's a remarkable story toldabout a Dutch Anabaptist
  • 00:22:02.144 --> 00:22:04.913
  • named Dirk Willems,
  • 00:22:04.946 --> 00:22:07.015
  • who was condemnedto die by the church
  • 00:22:07.048 --> 00:22:09.317
  • for refusing to adhereto the church's teachings,
  • 00:22:09.351 --> 00:22:11.820
  • specifically on infant baptism.
  • 00:22:11.853 --> 00:22:14.890
  • But Willems managed to escapefrom where he was being held,
  • 00:22:14.923 --> 00:22:18.360
  • and he crept across thefrozen ice covering a moat.
  • 00:22:18.393 --> 00:22:22.164
  • A prison guard noticed what wasgoing on and pursued Willems,
  • 00:22:22.197 --> 00:22:25.767
  • but he fell through thatthin ice into the frigid waters.
  • 00:22:25.801 --> 00:22:29.905
  • He cried out for help.
  • 00:22:29.938 --> 00:22:31.072
  • There was nobody to help him,
  • 00:22:31.106 --> 00:22:32.707
  • except for theescaping Dirk Willems,
  • 00:22:32.741 --> 00:22:35.310
  • who did not wantto see the man perish.
  • 00:22:35.343 --> 00:22:38.480
  • He went backand rescued the man,
  • 00:22:38.513 --> 00:22:40.115
  • but he paid a high pricefor his bravery.
  • 00:22:40.148 --> 00:22:45.053
  • He was recaptured,
  • 00:22:45.086 --> 00:22:46.822
  • put in prison again,
  • 00:22:46.855 --> 00:22:48.690
  • and was burnedat the stake by the church.
  • 00:22:48.723 --> 00:22:52.060
  • See, these great menand women of faith
  • 00:22:52.093 --> 00:22:54.262
  • believed the words of Jesusfound in Revelation 2, verse 10,
  • 00:22:54.296 --> 00:22:57.432
  • where Jesus said,
  • 00:22:57.466 --> 00:22:58.400
  • "Be faithful unto death,
  • 00:22:58.433 --> 00:23:01.136
  • and I will give youthe crown of life."
  • 00:23:01.169 --> 00:23:03.538
  • This was the world into which
  • 00:23:06.775 --> 00:23:08.310
  • the Protestantreformers were born.
  • 00:23:08.343 --> 00:23:10.345
  • They rose up to oppose somethingGod had never intended
  • 00:23:12.414 --> 00:23:15.484
  • would be created:
  • 00:23:15.517 --> 00:23:16.751
  • a system of salvationbased on works and not grace,
  • 00:23:16.785 --> 00:23:21.756
  • where the only freedombelievers had
  • 00:23:21.790 --> 00:23:23.558
  • was that given themby the church.
  • 00:23:23.592 --> 00:23:25.594
  • A powerful system that,
  • 00:23:25.627 --> 00:23:28.363
  • believing it was doingthe work of God,
  • 00:23:28.396 --> 00:23:30.365
  • was prepared to use forceto get its way.
  • 00:23:30.398 --> 00:23:34.503
  • But the dark clouds thatheld back the light of truth,
  • 00:23:36.872 --> 00:23:39.508
  • the unholy allianceof church and state,
  • 00:23:39.541 --> 00:23:44.045
  • couldn't endure forever.
  • 00:23:44.079 --> 00:23:46.615
  • The corruption and crueltyof the Renaissance church
  • 00:23:46.648 --> 00:23:49.518
  • was like the hourbefore the dawn.
  • 00:23:49.551 --> 00:23:52.854
  • The morning sun wouldsoon drive away the darkness.
  • 00:23:52.888 --> 00:23:56.424
  • Grace and truthwould break forth.
  • 00:23:58.260 --> 00:24:00.929
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:24:00.962 --> 00:24:05.133
  • In Old Testament times,
  • 00:24:05.166 --> 00:24:06.434
  • God's peoplesuffered for many years
  • 00:24:06.468 --> 00:24:08.436
  • under the heavy handof Egyptian slavery.
  • 00:24:08.470 --> 00:24:11.973
  • But then there was amiraculous breakthrough,
  • 00:24:12.007 --> 00:24:14.242
  • and God delivered His people,
  • 00:24:14.276 --> 00:24:15.644
  • opening up the Red Sea
  • 00:24:15.677 --> 00:24:17.946
  • and guiding themto the Promised Land.
  • 00:24:17.979 --> 00:24:19.981
  • Well, there would be amiraculous breakthrough again.
  • 00:24:21.816 --> 00:24:24.286
  • The light of God's Wordwas going to shine.
  • 00:24:24.319 --> 00:24:26.788
  • God's plans wouldnot be frustrated.
  • 00:24:26.821 --> 00:24:30.058
  • A new day would dawnfor believers everywhere.
  • 00:24:30.091 --> 00:24:32.894
  • God's work was not done.
  • 00:24:32.928 --> 00:24:35.363
  • Great days were ahead.
  • 00:24:35.397 --> 00:24:36.631
  • ♪[Music]♪
  • 00:24:36.665 --> 00:24:42.571
  • -John: Who is the mystery beastof Revelation?
  • 00:24:44.072 --> 00:24:46.608
  • The book of Revelationspeaks of a power
  • 00:24:46.641 --> 00:24:48.376
  • of tremendous religiousand political significance
  • 00:24:48.410 --> 00:24:51.179
  • that will rise upin earth's last days.
  • 00:24:51.212 --> 00:24:54.015
  • Find out who it is byreceiving this free offer,
  • 00:24:54.049 --> 00:24:56.952
  • "The Mystery Beastof Revelation."
  • 00:24:56.985 --> 00:24:59.421
  • Call us on800-253-3000,
  • 00:24:59.454 --> 00:25:02.591
  • or visit us online atitiswritten.com.
  • 00:25:02.624 --> 00:25:06.361
  • Or you can write to theaddress on your screen.
  • 00:25:06.394 --> 00:25:09.130
  • I'd like you to receiveour free offer,
  • 00:25:09.164 --> 00:25:11.399
  • "The Mystery Beastof Revelation."
  • 00:25:11.433 --> 00:25:13.935
  • Thank you for rememberingthat It Is Written
  • 00:25:13.969 --> 00:25:15.737
  • exists due to the gracioussupport of people like you.
  • 00:25:15.770 --> 00:25:20.008
  • It's your support that makesit possible for It Is Written
  • 00:25:20.041 --> 00:25:22.243
  • to share Jesus and thegreat truths of the Bible
  • 00:25:22.277 --> 00:25:25.480
  • with the world.
  • 00:25:25.513 --> 00:25:27.048
  • You can send yourtax-deductible gift
  • 00:25:27.082 --> 00:25:28.850
  • to the address on your screen,
  • 00:25:28.883 --> 00:25:30.685
  • or you can support It Is Writtenthrough our website:
  • 00:25:30.719 --> 00:25:32.887
  • itiswritten.com.
  • 00:25:32.921 --> 00:25:35.790
  • Thanks for yourgenerous support.
  • 00:25:35.824 --> 00:25:37.258
  • Our number is800-253-3000,
  • 00:25:37.292 --> 00:25:40.629
  • and our web address is
  • 00:25:40.662 --> 00:25:41.630
  • itiswritten.com.
  • 00:25:41.663 --> 00:25:43.498
  • -John Bradshaw:Let's pray together now.
  • 00:25:45.033 --> 00:25:46.935
  • Our Father in heaven,
  • 00:25:46.968 --> 00:25:48.770
  • we thank Youthat in Your goodness
  • 00:25:48.803 --> 00:25:50.071
  • You have preservedYour Word for us.
  • 00:25:50.105 --> 00:25:53.041
  • We thank You for Jesus,"the Word made flesh."
  • 00:25:53.074 --> 00:25:55.844
  • We wish that He would livein our hearts,
  • 00:25:55.877 --> 00:25:57.579
  • and we prayYou would make that so.
  • 00:25:57.612 --> 00:26:00.315
  • And we pray that our liveswould be based on Your Word.
  • 00:26:00.348 --> 00:26:04.953
  • We thank You that therewere men and women of old
  • 00:26:04.986 --> 00:26:07.188
  • who dared to stand upfor Your Word.
  • 00:26:07.222 --> 00:26:09.057
  • They, in many cases,
  • 00:26:09.090 --> 00:26:10.792
  • paid the ultimate priceso we could have delivered to us
  • 00:26:10.825 --> 00:26:14.462
  • the freedom that comes throughknowing You personally,
  • 00:26:14.496 --> 00:26:19.401
  • through Your Word.
  • 00:26:19.434 --> 00:26:21.169
  • So bless us, Lord,I pray, that any reform
  • 00:26:21.202 --> 00:26:23.638
  • that must take place inour own lives would happen
  • 00:26:23.672 --> 00:26:26.975
  • so that we can be,by Your grace,
  • 00:26:27.008 --> 00:26:29.077
  • everything thatYou wish we would be.
  • 00:26:29.110 --> 00:26:32.514
  • We thank Youand ask Your blessing,
  • 00:26:32.547 --> 00:26:33.815
  • and we pray togetherin Jesus' name.
  • 00:26:33.848 --> 00:26:36.151
  • Amen.
  • 00:26:36.184 --> 00:26:37.819
  • Thanks so muchfor joining me.
  • 00:26:37.852 --> 00:26:38.920
  • I'm looking forwardto seeing you again.
  • 00:26:38.953 --> 00:26:40.755
  • Until then, remember:
  • 00:26:40.789 --> 00:26:42.891
  • "It is written, 'Man shallnot live by bread alone,
  • 00:26:42.924 --> 00:26:47.028
  • but by every word that proceedsfrom the mouth of God.'"
  • 00:26:47.062 --> 00:26:50.665
  • ♪[Theme music]♪
  • 00:26:50.699 --> 00:27:26.534